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Chicken Breed Chart

Here are some of the breeds I like to keep.  The Following is curtousy of Henderson's Chicken Breed Chart.

 

 

Ameraucana
Ameraucana
portrait FS PB club


Black, Blue, Blue-wheaten, Brown-red, Buff, Silver, Wheaten, & White


Easter Eggers are common. Standard Ameraucanas are rare.
88%/8% (EEs/pure)
5.5 lb/2.5 kg

APA (1984):
Large
: All Other Bantam: All Other Clean Legged
PC: Not recognized


Layer
Fancy:
Muffed, Bearded

South American. May or may not be genetically related to the Araucana. In pre-Columbian Chile, there are several different blue egg-laying chicken "breeds," none called Araucana. Standardized & accepted into APA in 1984. Most hatcheries, however, sell Easter Egg chickens with mixed breeding that may lay blue, green (or other colored) eggs, but do not conform to standard.

fair

various
shades
of blue
&
blue-
green


pea
white with slate colored shanks
red
good brooder
very cold hardy
moderately early maturing

well adaptable to confinement or free range; mostly calm, non-aggressive

[personality of mongrel Easter Eggers is widely varied: some aloof; others very friendly & easily handled.]

The chipmunky blue-egger.

medium

 

Australorp or
Black Australorp
portrait FS OK Om PP AR box GO

Black, only (standard); also blue & white


Common
88%
Standard:
6.5 lb/2.9 kg
Bantam:
2 lb/0.9 kg

APA (1929):
Large
: English Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
PC: Soft Feather Heavy


Dual Purpose

Developed in 20th century in Australia, primarily from the Orpington. Gained notoriety when one hen in the 1920s laid a record 364 eggs in 365 days. That performance has never been matched by subsequent Australorps.

very good

brown

medium
single

white skin,
dark shanks


red
good brooder; good mother
very hardy; very cold hardy
early maturing
well adaptable to confinement or free range; quiet, docile, easily handled

 

Light Brahma
Brahma
portrait FS OK Om AR PP box GO PB club

Light, Dark, Buff


Less common.
48%/20% (light/all other)
Standard:
9 lb/4.1 kg
Bantam:
2.6 lb/1.2 kg

APA (1874):
Large
:Asiatic Bantam: Feather Legged
PC: Soft feather Heavy


feathers prized for fly tying
Dual Purpose
[formerly Meat]
Fancy:
Feather Footed, outside only

Introduced from China in mid-19th century. The largest breed at the time. Before the name Brahma was settled on, they were also called Chittagongs, Shanghais (as were the Cochins), and Brahmapootras.

good

brown

pea
yellow skin &
shanks
red
good brooder
robust; very hardy in heat & cold
slow to mature
adaptable to confinement or free range; mostly gentle; can be easied handled, but also standoffish; has a tendency toward fatness

Large and regal.

medium

 

Cochin
portrait FS OK Om AR PP box GO PB club

Buff, White, Black, & Partridge


Still popular as a show bird.
64%
Standard:
8.5 lb/3.8 kg
Bantam (aka Pekin):
1.3 lb/.6 kg

 

APA (1874):
Large
: Asiatic Bantam: Feather Legged
PC: Soft feather Heavy


Fancy:
Feather Footed, fully

Introduced from China in early 19th century. Originally known as the Shanghai (a name also used for the Brahma). The breed that launched interest in poultry shows. Pekins are recognized as a separate bantam breed in some countries, rather than as bantam Cochins.

poor to fair
tinted or
yellowy
brown
small single
yellow skin & shanks
red
excellent brooder;
good mother;
excellent foster mother
robust, cold hardy
slow to mature
well adaptable to confinement or free range; peaceful, friendly, easily handled

Big ball of fluff and feathers.

small

 

Dominique
or Dominiker
portrait FS OK GO PP club

Barred only


Rare, but now has new interest.
52%
5 lb/2.2 kg

APA (1874):
Large
: American Bantam: Rose Comb Clean Legged
PC: Soft Feather
Heavy, Rare


feathers prized for fly tying
Dual Purpose

Developed in New England in early 19th century. Not distinguished from the Barred Rock until APA Standards were developed. Most modern Dominques may be traced to stock developed by A. Q. Carter after 1900.

good

brown

good winter layer

rose
yellow skin &
shanks
red
good brooder; good mother
robust; cold hardy
early maturing
well adaptable to confinement or free range; calm mostly, but more flighty than other dual purpose breeds

Claimant to title "America's first breed."

medium

 

Jersey Black Giant
Jersey Giant
portrait FS OK Om PP box GO

Black, White


Uncommon. Was in decline, but now seems to be holding its own.
56%/28% (black/all other)
10 lb/4.6 kg

APA (1922):
Large
: American Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
PC: Heavy, Rare


Dual Purpose
[formerly Meat]

Developed in New Jersey in 1870s. Never commercially popular, but bird of choice for capons

fair to good

brown

good winter layer

small
single
yellow skin,
dark shanks
red
good brooder;
protective mother
robust; very cold hardy
very slow to mature
because of size, not an economical eater; adaptable to confinement or free range; calm, gentle, easily handled

The chicken world's largest breed.

medium to large

 

White Leghorn
Leghorn
portrait FS OK Om AR PP box GO PB RF club

Dark Brown, Light Brown, White, Buff, Black, Silver, Red, Black-Tailed Red, Columbian


Common.
84%/80%/32% white/brown/all other
Standard:
4.5 lb/2 kg
Bantam:
1.75 lb/0.8 kg

APA (1874):
Large
: Mediterranean Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
PC: Soft Feather Light


feathers prized for fly tying
Layer

Ancient, but greatly developed in 19th & 20th centuries. Honored by the Romans, and the white variety was reportedly developed for use in ceremony and foretelling the future. One of the most popular birds around the globe.

prolific+
pearl
white
(non-white feathered varieties are less prolific.)

large
single;
also rose
yellow skin &
shanks
white
non-setter
hardy; heat tolerant (esc. white variety); combs subject to frostbite
very early maturing
economical eater; better adaptable to confinement then some Mediterranean; enjoys free range; flyer; flighty; spritely, noisy, nervous, usually avoids human contact

The ultimate egg machine.

medium to large
[commercial whites' are especially large]

 

New Hampshire Red
New Hampshire or New Hampshire Red
portrait FS OK Om PPbox GO

Light brownish red, only


Fairly common
72%
Standard:
6.5 lb/2.9 kg
Bantam:
1.9 lb/0.85 kg

APA (1935):
Large
: American Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
PC: Heavy, Rare


feathers prized for fly tying
Dual Purpose

Developed in New Hamphire from the Rhode Island Red in early 20th century.

very good

light to
medium
dark brown

good winter layer

large
single
yellow skin &
shanks
red
good brooder & mother
robust; hardy in heat & cold;
combs subject to frostbite
very early maturing
well adaptable to confinement or free range; calm, can be friendly or aggressive

New Hampshire's answer to Rhode Island.

large

 

Buff Orpington
Orpington
portrait FS OK Om AR PP box GO

Buff, Black, Blue, White


Only buffs are still popular.
88%/8% (buff/all other)
Standard:
8 lb/3.6 kg
Bantam:
2.2 lb/1 kg

APA (1902):
Large
: English Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
PC: Soft Feather Heavy


Dual Purpose
[formerly Meat]

Originally developed by William Cook in Orpington (County Kent) the 1880s. Some varieties developed by his daughter.

good

brown

good winter layer

single
white skin &
white or dark shanks
red
good brooder;
excellent mother
hardy; very cold hardy
moderately early maturing
adaptable to free range; very adaptable to confinement; docile; affectionate, easily handled; can be bullied

Big friendly bird.

medium to large

 

Barred Rock
Plymouth Rock
portrait FS OK Om ARPP box GO club

Barred, White, Buff, Silver Penciled, Partridge, Columbian, Blue


Popular
96%/84%/52%/32% (barred/white/prtg/all other)
Standard:
7.5 lb/3.4 kg
Bantam:
2.2 lb/1 kg

 

APA (1874):
Large: American Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
PC: Soft Feather Heavy


feathers prized for fly tying
Dual Purpose

Developed in New England in 19th century.

Once common on the homestead, still popular in the backyard.

good

light (or pinkish) to
medium
brown

good winter layer

small
single
yellow skin &
shanks
red
broods, but infrequently; good mother
robust; very cold hardy
somewhat early maturing
well adaptable to confinement or free range; docile, friendly, easily handled

Once upon a time America's favorite breed.

large

 

Polish or
Poland
portrait FS OK Om AR PP

Bearded & Beardless; Black, White, Golden, Silver, Buff Laced


Popular as a show bird.
56%
4-4.5 lb/1.8-2 kg

APA (1874):
Large
: Continental
Bantam: All Other Clean Legged
PC: Soft Feather Light


Fancy:
Crested

Originated in Europe, but probably not Poland, before the 16th century. Once known for good egg production, now almost strictly ornamental.

varies widely

poor

to

very good
white
small V
white skin,
blue shanks
white
non-setter
some subject to health problems;
because of fancy feathering,
not suited for foul weather;
| may have problems with
freezing crest feathers;
special care may be needed
since plumage blocks vision
bears confinement well; mixed reports of being calm, quiet; obstructed vision can hinder some activities; can be bullied

Perhaps the oldest of the crested breeds.

small

 

Rhode Island Red
Rhode Island
portrait FS OK AL Om AR PP box club

Rhode Island Red & Rhode Island White
(two separate breeds)


Popular, but purebreds are uncommon.
68%/44%/28% (production/red/white)
Standard:
6.5 lb/2.9 kg
Bantam:
2 lb/0.9 kg

APA (1904/1922): Large: American Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
PC: Soft Feather Heavy


Dual Purpose

Developed in New England in 19th century.

prolific

rich
medium
brown

good winter layer

large
single;
also rose
yellow skin &
shanks
red
broods infrequently;
can be dutiful mother
robust; hardy in heat & cold;
combs subject to frostbite
moderately early maturing
well adaptable to confinement or free range; active, calm & fairly docile, can be aggressive (cocks are especially notorious)

Best of breeds for producing brown eggs.

large

 

Silver Laced Wyandotte
Wyandotte
portrait FS OK Om AR PP box GO PB

Silver Laced, Golden Laced, White, Buff, Partridge, Silvered Penciled, Columbian


Popular.
92%/64%/24% (slver/gold/all other)
Standard:
6.5 lb/2.9 kg
Bantam:
2.2 lb/1 kg

APA (1883):
Large
: American Bantam: Rose Comb Clean Legged
PC: Soft Feather Heavy


feathers prized for fly tying
Dual Purpose

Developed in New York State & Wisconsin in late 19th century.

good

light
to rich
brown

good winter layer

rose
yellow skin &
shanks
red
broods, but infrequently;
excellent mother
robust; very cold hardy
moderately early maturing
well adaptable to confinement or free range; calm, industrious, usually docile, but can be aggressive; some are aloof, others friendly

The "bird of curves."

large

 

I prefer to keep half my personal stock as breeds that lay in the winter.  My family can eat up to 3 dozen eggs a week!  Keeping egg production going in the winter keeps everyone happy. 

 For more information on different breeds please visit http://www.ithaca.edu/staff/jhenderson/chooks/chooks.html.

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