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Araucana, Ameraucana or Easter Egger? Learn the differences.

post #1 of 29
Thread Starter 

What is the difference between an Araucana, Ameraucana and Easter Egger chicken? If youre confused, youre not alone. Even the experts disagree on some aspects of the histories of these chickens. I hope the following clears up a few of the basics for you.  (this article is from my blog, http://www.eggcartonlabels.blogspot.com, the article in particular is here: http://networkedblogs.com/muYl3 )

ARAUCANAS

http://www.backyardchickens.com/forum/uploads/43104_araucana_tufts.jpg
photo reprinted with permission of http://hinkjcpoultry.com

Araucanas were recognized by the American Poultry Association (APA) as a breed in 1976. They are blue egg layers with yellow skin, no tails, no beards and no muffs. They possess ear tufts, which are feathers that grow from a slender, fleshy flap just below the ear. The APA recognizes five colors of Araucana: Black, Black Breasted Red, Golden Duckwing, Silver Duckwing and White.

Araucanas were first bred in the United States in the 1930's. They came from a cross between two breeds from Northern Chile, Colloncas and Quetros. Colloncas have no ear tufts but are rumpless and lay blue eggs; Quetros have ear tufts and tails but do not lay blue eggs.  (http://www.araucana.net/images/ACA_Images/Araucana_Alan_Stanford_Article.pdf)

Araucanas are frequently confused with Ameraucanas and Easter Eggers, not only due to misinformation, but often knowingly by unscrupulous sellers. Araucanas are scarce in the United States, likely due to the genetic challenges in breeding. The tufted gene in Araucana is a lethal gene. Two copies of the gene cause nearly 100% mortality in offspring (usually between days 18-21 of incubation). Because no living Araucana possesses two copies of the tufted gene, breeding any two tufted birds leads to half of the resulting chicks being tufted with one copy of the gene, one quarter of the chicks being clean-faced with no copy of the gene, and one quarter of the embryos dead in the shell, having received two copies of the gene.

http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/poultry/chickens/araucana/

http://www.araucana.net/

http://www.araucana.net/images/ACA_Images/Araucana_Alan_Stanford_Article.pdf

http://www.araucana.com/index2.htm

AMERAUCANAS

http://www.backyardchickens.com/forum/uploads/43104_9-4-10_10.jpg
Ameraucanas have been bred from different strains of Araucanas since at least 1960 in the United States. The American Poultry Association recognized Ameraucanas as a breed in 1984. For an extraordinarily thorough and fascinating history of Ameraucanas, please see http://www.ameraucana.org/history.html:   

Ameraucanas lay blue eggs. Other traits include a pea comb, white skin, full tails, muffs and beards (always together), and slate or black legs; they have no ear tufts. The APA recognizes these colors: Black, Blue, Blue Wheaten, Brown Red, Sliver, Wheaten and White.

While Ameraucanas are more common in the United States than Araucanas, they are available only through reputable breeders, regardless of advertisements by hatcheries and other large-scale, distribution sources. If you are in the market for Ameraucanas and see an advertisement for "Americanas," be forewarned: there is no such breed.

http://www.ameraucana.org/history.htmlhttp://www.ameraucana.org/history.html
http://www.ameraucana.org/scrapbook.html

EASTER EGGERS

http://www.backyardchickens.com/forum/uploads/43104_4-12-10_lucy_molt.jpg
Easter Eggers (EEs) are not an APA recognized breed, they are a mix of different breeds. They are essentially descendants of Araucanas and Ameraucanas on one side of the family, and any other breed on the other side of the family. Easter Eggers do not breed true. To "breed true" means that purebred chicks resemble both parents.

According to the Easter Egg Club of America, EEs are "the most popular chicken in America today."* Easter Eggers lay a wide range of egg colors, including: any hue of blue and green and even pink on occasion. Other common EE traits include pea combs and wattles that are either small or absent.  They often have greenish legs and beards and muffs, but not always. They can have any skin color. They often have beards and muffs, but not necessarily. Their leg color can range from green to slate and even yellow. They can be found in an infinite array of feather colors, which makes them a beautiful and unique.  Easter Eggers are like a box of chocolates, you never know what you're going to get!

http://www.eastereggers.com/


Edited by ADozenGirlz - 9/6/11 at 10:39am
post #2 of 29

thumbsup

My backyard flock: 9 Araucana girls, 2 Araucana boys, 1 Olive Egger!

 

Mini Yooper Goats and Other Critters

My website for my Nigerian Dwarf Goats, Araucana Chickens, and Magpie Ducks

 

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My backyard flock: 9 Araucana girls, 2 Araucana boys, 1 Olive Egger!

 

Mini Yooper Goats and Other Critters

My website for my Nigerian Dwarf Goats, Araucana Chickens, and Magpie Ducks

 

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post #3 of 29

thumbsup  This should be a sticky! clap

I thought EE was also the result of, like you said Araucana or Ameraucana descendant on one side crossed w/ any type of brown egg layer breed to result in mixed EE breed that would lay the varied egg colors like listed above.  idunno

post #4 of 29

We do have a sticky on the subject. http://www.backyardchickens.com/forum/viewtopic.php?id=128806

At
the top of this section, you see Notable Reference and Breed Discussions. Click on that and you'll find a list of stickied breed threads. wink

 Shop www.blueroocreations.com where every artisan is a veteran or spouse of a veteran!

The Blue Roo Creations Mascot, Lancelot, says, Support Our Troops!

 

Ask Me About Mille Fleur & Porcelain Belgian D'Anver Eggs Available for Local Pickup!

Speckledhen's Standard of Perfection

~A dog on its owner's property is a pet; A dog on someone else's property is a predator~

 
 

 

 

 

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 Shop www.blueroocreations.com where every artisan is a veteran or spouse of a veteran!

The Blue Roo Creations Mascot, Lancelot, says, Support Our Troops!

 

Ask Me About Mille Fleur & Porcelain Belgian D'Anver Eggs Available for Local Pickup!

Speckledhen's Standard of Perfection

~A dog on its owner's property is a pet; A dog on someone else's property is a predator~

 
 

 

 

 

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post #5 of 29
Quote:
Originally Posted by speckledhen 

We do have a sticky on the subject. http://www.backyardchickens.com/forum/viewtopic.php?id=128806

At
the top of this section, you see Notable Reference and Breed Discussions. Click on that and you'll find a list of stickied breed threads. wink


laugiglau Oh yea.....forgot!!!! Geeze, I knew that! I should have rechecked before I posted! I'm not on BYC as much as I used to be. big_smile Thanks Speckledhen! wink

post #6 of 29

The stickies are just always there, so folks tend to cease to see them any longer. smile

 Shop www.blueroocreations.com where every artisan is a veteran or spouse of a veteran!

The Blue Roo Creations Mascot, Lancelot, says, Support Our Troops!

 

Ask Me About Mille Fleur & Porcelain Belgian D'Anver Eggs Available for Local Pickup!

Speckledhen's Standard of Perfection

~A dog on its owner's property is a pet; A dog on someone else's property is a predator~

 
 

 

 

 

Reply

 Shop www.blueroocreations.com where every artisan is a veteran or spouse of a veteran!

The Blue Roo Creations Mascot, Lancelot, says, Support Our Troops!

 

Ask Me About Mille Fleur & Porcelain Belgian D'Anver Eggs Available for Local Pickup!

Speckledhen's Standard of Perfection

~A dog on its owner's property is a pet; A dog on someone else's property is a predator~

 
 

 

 

 

Reply
post #7 of 29
Thread Starter 

Smitty's Farm :

thumbsup  This should be a sticky! clap

I thought EE was also the result of, like you said Araucana or Ameraucana descendant on one side crossed w/ any type of brown egg layer breed to result in mixed EE breed that would lay the varied egg colors like listed above.  idunno


Thanks for the vote of confidence Smitty.  I like to think that a picture's worth a thousand words. wink  And my blog post contains additional information, presented differently for an easy-to-follow explaination. If you have a chance, DO read the Ameraucana link that I referenced in my blog post. It is truly fascinating!


Edited by ADozenGirlz - 9/5/11 at 2:12pm
post #8 of 29

It's a good explanation, didn't mean to take away from that.

 Shop www.blueroocreations.com where every artisan is a veteran or spouse of a veteran!

The Blue Roo Creations Mascot, Lancelot, says, Support Our Troops!

 

Ask Me About Mille Fleur & Porcelain Belgian D'Anver Eggs Available for Local Pickup!

Speckledhen's Standard of Perfection

~A dog on its owner's property is a pet; A dog on someone else's property is a predator~

 
 

 

 

 

Reply

 Shop www.blueroocreations.com where every artisan is a veteran or spouse of a veteran!

The Blue Roo Creations Mascot, Lancelot, says, Support Our Troops!

 

Ask Me About Mille Fleur & Porcelain Belgian D'Anver Eggs Available for Local Pickup!

Speckledhen's Standard of Perfection

~A dog on its owner's property is a pet; A dog on someone else's property is a predator~

 
 

 

 

 

Reply
post #9 of 29

thumbsup

Working hard in Canada with Bearded Silkies (White, Blue/Splash, Porcelain), B/B/S Ameraucanas,  and Black/Blue Copper Marans

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Working hard in Canada with Bearded Silkies (White, Blue/Splash, Porcelain), B/B/S Ameraucanas,  and Black/Blue Copper Marans

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post #10 of 29
Thread Starter 
Quote:
Originally Posted by speckledhen 

It's a good explanation, didn't mean to take away from that.


Thank you, Cyndi. I appreciate that. It means a lot coming from you. smile

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