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What chicken breeds did Native Americans have?

post #1 of 34
Thread Starter 

I mean... which breed were theirs close to? These, I understand: http://blog.mcmurrayhatchery.com/2011/03/08/wyandottes/ which else?
What color eggs did they eat?
Thanks!

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Our incubator project - started April 3, 2010 - updated Aug 9, 2010
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post #2 of 34

No breed. Chickens were domesticated from Asian jungle fowl. Maybe after European importation they had some, but not before. The turkey is the only domesticated animal that was developed in North America.

My backyard flock: 9 Araucana girls, 2 Araucana boys, 1 Olive Egger!

 

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My backyard flock: 9 Araucana girls, 2 Araucana boys, 1 Olive Egger!

 

Mini Yooper Goats and Other Critters

My website for my Nigerian Dwarf Goats, Araucana Chickens, and Magpie Ducks

 

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post #3 of 34

Incas of Peru at least had domesitic chickens prior to Columbus.  Source was likely trading with Polynesians or some other Oceanic peoples that had green/blue egg producing chickens.  The breed(s) where kin to existing Araucana.  See following link for starting point:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Araucana

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Make every effort to understand your chicken's biology and the environment that supports it.
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post #4 of 34
Quote:
Originally Posted by centrarchid 

Incas of Peru at least had domestic chickens prior to Columbus.  Source was likely trading with Polynesians or some other Oceanic peoples that had green/blue egg producing chickens.  The breed(s) where kin to existing Araucana.  See following link for starting point:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Araucana


Yep, South Americans definitely had domesticated fowl, but they hadn't made their way to North America until European settlement. I assumed OP was referring to North America, so I didn't mention it. There is some cool history on the arrival of chickens to South America, and a lot of conflicting theories as to when and who, it seems.

My backyard flock: 9 Araucana girls, 2 Araucana boys, 1 Olive Egger!

 

Mini Yooper Goats and Other Critters

My website for my Nigerian Dwarf Goats, Araucana Chickens, and Magpie Ducks

 

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My backyard flock: 9 Araucana girls, 2 Araucana boys, 1 Olive Egger!

 

Mini Yooper Goats and Other Critters

My website for my Nigerian Dwarf Goats, Araucana Chickens, and Magpie Ducks

 

Reply
post #5 of 34
Thread Starter 

Thank you for the replies!
Were there chicken eggs when Native Americans and Pilgrims celebrated First Thanksgiving? Any eggs? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thanksgiving_%28United_States%29 - I see "wild fowl (ducks, geese, swans, and turkey)" there.

Our incubator project - started April 3, 2010 - updated Aug 9, 2010
All of our chickens 2011 - incubator proj2 started March 5, 2011 - updated July 2, 2011
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Our incubator project - started April 3, 2010 - updated Aug 9, 2010
All of our chickens 2011 - incubator proj2 started March 5, 2011 - updated July 2, 2011
Reply
post #6 of 34

It is unknown, I believe, as to whether the first group of settlers brought chickens, but subsequent deliveries to the colony absolutely brought chickens.  There is evidence abounding as to chickens at the Mass Bay Colony in the early 1620's.

The much earlier Jamestown, VA colony brought chickens in 1607.

 

 

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post #7 of 34

Since many North American tribes were nomadic, I don't think they actually kept chickens (even if they were here before the European settlers).  They tended to live off the land - probably gathered eggs from quail, grouse, pheasants and the like.

Married SAHM with 2 sons (1 grown, 1 in elementary school), former Canine Companions for Independence puppy raiser (www.cci.org), 1 Yellow Lab, 2 cats, 1 pet rat, 2 African-drawf frogs, and a menagerie of organically raised/fed chickens - breeds include Iowa Blues, Rhode Island Reds, Barred Rocks, Easter Eggers, Australorps, White Leghorns, Golden Laced Wyandotts, Buff Orpingtons, and 1 Frizzle.
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Married SAHM with 2 sons (1 grown, 1 in elementary school), former Canine Companions for Independence puppy raiser (www.cci.org), 1 Yellow Lab, 2 cats, 1 pet rat, 2 African-drawf frogs, and a menagerie of organically raised/fed chickens - breeds include Iowa Blues, Rhode Island Reds, Barred Rocks, Easter Eggers, Australorps, White Leghorns, Golden Laced Wyandotts, Buff Orpingtons, and 1 Frizzle.
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post #8 of 34

Prairie chicken maybe???? i guess the Sac&fox and Potawatomi could have attempt to work with them.

Jesus turned water into wine. I turned into liquor - Popcorn Sutton

We live out in the middle of nowhere with our family- the next town is 10 miles away. WE currently own a bunch of chicks and chickens, ducks, meat rabbits..

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Jesus turned water into wine. I turned into liquor - Popcorn Sutton

We live out in the middle of nowhere with our family- the next town is 10 miles away. WE currently own a bunch of chicks and chickens, ducks, meat rabbits..

Reply
post #9 of 34

Some native american tribes were to supposedly have semi-domesticated wild strain turkeys.

A good link about SA native chickens http://www.reference.com/browse/araucana


Edited by chickened - 11/16/11 at 8:06pm
post #10 of 34
Quote:
Originally Posted by LiLRedCV 

Since many North American tribes were nomadic, I don't think they actually kept chickens (even if they were here before the European settlers).  They tended to live off the land - probably gathered eggs from quail, grouse, pheasants and the like.


Many native American populations were decidely agrarian with large complex societies.  Complexity was great enough with at least one population that possibly nation or empire is better term than tribe.  Many were on east coast and southeastern parts of present U.S.  The Cahokia built large earthen pyramids up and down parts of the Mississippi drainage basin.  In terms or scale, and possibly in respect to trade, the Cahokia were similar to the their contempory Aztecs of Mexico.  The western movies depicting nomadic prairie tribes is only part of picture.

The more agrarian native-human populations could easily have made at least early efforts into domesticating turkeys despite all present stocks coming only from wild Yucatan turkey populations.


Edited by centrarchid - 11/17/11 at 5:22am
Make every effort to understand your chicken's biology and the environment that supports it.
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Make every effort to understand your chicken's biology and the environment that supports it.
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