Its about time I gave more info on the local chickens in the Philippines
Developed via landrace in the Philippines through crossbreeding of various fowl breeds and strains and the original chicken - the red jungle fowl. The red jungle fowl would often mingle, feed and breed with them as sometimes they would wander into forests looking for food. The is a flighty, hardy bird capable of adapting to local conditions. Due to their mixed heritage, hens occasionally develop spurs like cockerals.
The Philippine Native Chicken is often used as a fighting bird (one of the few countries where it is legal) though imported breeds have taken over that unfortunate role. In the villages and farmlands, they are more of a utility breed for eggs and meat. Even in this role, they are not ideal as they weigh 4-5lb and produce a mere 50-70 medium eggs per year. They become broody frequently and will set the clutch as soon as they lay 10-12 eggs. The taste of the native chicken is excellent and remains the standard of quality eating chicken in the country.
Among the identified genetic groups of native chickens in the Philippines are “Banaba” from Batangas, “Bolinao” from Pangasinan, “Camarines” from Bicol, “Paraoakan” from Palawan, and “Darag” from Panay Island.
There are some efforts to cross and upgrade the Philippine Native Chicken with Cantonese, KABIR from Israel, SASSO, Grimaud Freres chicken from France, and recently the Hubbard JA57 and RedBro Line. These birds resemble some of the American breeds such as the Rhode Island Red. These imported breeds of chicken are distributed throughout the country but only few people have these birds in their backyards. Crosses from these breeds have enhanced the capabilities of the birds for adaptability to local conditions.
The Kabir is no longer around in its original form but is used as a generic term.The KABIR is not really a breed but a hybrid. The word Kabir means large in Arabic. These multiple cross breeds lay around 150-200 eggs per year and dont often go broody. This quite a contrast to the "manok bisaya" that is the blend of imports brought by traders from all points around the globe to Cebu and native chicken from the Visayas. The Bisaya lays 70-100 eggs per year but often goes broody.
The "45 day" chickens that can be bought in an agrivet as day old chicks are normally Hubbard JA57 hybrids.