It has been done and there are still SOP breeders out there that will say that if it looks like a duck, then enter it as a duck.
In the early 1900s, the APA changed the SOP for the Mottled Java, citing the change as a way to get rid of cross-breed birds being called Mottled Javas and entered into shows.
I personally do not like the approach to showing poultry as whatever kind of bird it looks like, regardless of it's parentage. I think it dilutes the breed and weakens the heritage of these old breeds that are part of our history. And too many unsuspecting people can wind up unhappy when these *facsimile* birds wind up being spread around and they aren't breeding true and not even coming close to having the offspring looking like the SOP says it should. I nearly had a cow the other day when somebody decided that they didn't like what their hatchery stock RIRs looked like, and after reading an old SOP, they decided they liked the SOP of the Java better than the RIR. So they wanted to breed their production Reds to have the type of a Java, and call their birds *Red Javas*. UGH.
I admire creativity and innovation, but for someone to name a first generation cross "Red Java" is pushing some limits. At most it would be a RIR X Java hybrid and would not breed true. Nothing wrong with that as long as you call a duck a duck. I would think you'd need to have a number of generations of true breeding birds to give them a new name.
The Java has a complex history. I've spent years researching and still have not found every smidgen of info on them in antique poultry and agriculture literature. It is said that a very dark red colored Java was used as foundation to make the RIR. If you have not seen photos of exhibition Reds, they are so dark red they are almost black - not like these reddish orange birds that most people have and call RIRs. So it isn't a stretch for a poorly typed RIR to have a Java body type - and vice versa. This is also true of the Plymouth Rock as they had Javas as a foundation for their creation. I got the feeling from this person's posts - they were looking to capitalize on a novelty name and make money with their little venture. It wasn't even about trying to recreate history and remain true to the breed's heritage at all. As it is, I already have concerns about the current *Auburn* Javas that are out there, as well as the motives of the person that promotes them. Last thing I am in the mood for is a person trying to make a quick buck by labeling crummy birds with the Java name because they are too lazy to get Javas or standard-bred RIRs and learn how to breed them to the SOP.
More and more I am seeing people selling some of the crappiest looking birds online to unsuspecting people and they're making a killing. Most people only see feather color and if the bird has a flashy feather color, that's all they want. They don't look at anything else. They don't care of a bird has a pinched tail or a small chest/abdominal cavity. They don't care if the legs are well set and sturdy instead of being too skinny to hold the bird's weight safely or being bowlegged. They don't care if the bird even comes close to what it should look like, as long as it has feathers that capture their attention. And every time I see someone selling *show quality* chicks - I want to freaking scream. But these low-information folks are the kinds of buyers that keep these disingenuous and sometimes overtly dishonest poultry sellers in business.