Nipple watering - Page 21
The vertical nipples shouldn't normally leak. They are messy because the chicken will splash water all over as it gets a few drop for itself.
I had a problem (once) with the vertical nipples. One got stuck open somehow and most of the water in the system leaked out. This would have been disastrous if I had been away and had others collecting the eggs.
The horizontal nipples splash less, have a cup to catch a few drops, and are spring-loaded with an o ring seal. MUCH better design in my opinion, and you'll go through much less water with them.
The vertical nipples should be higher than the chicken's back, preferably much higher so they have to peck up at it and catch the water coming down off the pin.
The horizontal can be anywhere they can reach.
I found this one that I may purchase and install nipples in.
Would anyone have reservations about using this metal container pail for a waterer? It will be in complete shade out of sun at all times.
It might not be water tight, and when you drill the holes for the nipples you will flake off the galvanization in that area and it will start to rust...
You also might have problems with the nipples sealing properly since the metal is so thin...