The environment of the Coturnix quail has changed since its ancient ancestors. Feeds, weather, breeding filters and predators have shaped quail throughout history. This could result in new breeding & incubating techniques that affect the fertility levels dramatically.
Common quail (Coturnix Coturnix) in the wild live in temperate and tropical environments throughout Europe, Egypt, Northern Japan, Asia and China. They consume seeds and insects on the ground. They are reluctant to flying and prefer to save energy by creeping away from danger. The hens lay between 6-12 eggs and nest on the ground.
These little biblical birds earliest domestication started around the 16Th. century by the Japanese. They were kept as singing birds. By the 1900’s, these birds became popular for egg production and meat. The quail are now domesticated for egg laying and meat, these subspecies are known as Japanese quail (Coturnix Japonica).
In the past, the United States Game Department made an attempt to establish one million Japanese quail into the wild in the mid 1950’s. The attempt failed because the quail were too fragile to withstand the American climates. It is now known that common quail and Japanese quail share many common genetics, traits, including; the behavior to hide instead to fly and nest on the ground and others. This is the case in both the wild and domesticated types. The Japanese quail are prolific layers, laying up to 200 eggs during the first year however, it’s wild relative usually only lay up to 18 eggs per season. In conclusion, because of many different species, today quail have a high survival rate and are found all over the world.