7) Day old waterfowl that have no bird mother may swim on water immediately without any concerns to their well beings.
ANSWER - False
New borns/hatchlings are covered in down and their preen glands don't work too well...need oil on feathers to float and be insulated from cold and hot and not get soaked to the skin.
The bird mother provides oil on the water (oil slick?) for the babies to float upon...sheltering them from the water (oil floats on water). Wood Ducks and Mandarin Ducks...they tree nest and the babies hatch inside the tree nest, dry off and climb up, fall out to the ground and toddle off with Mom to water. So those wild waterfowl are on water within days of hatching (still down covered)...but the Mom is there to oil up the water surface for them.
8) Landfowl and waterfowl both have a preen gland for oiling their feathers located on the top near the base of their tails.
ANSWER - True
Yuppers...links in to the above question too. Both land and water FOWL have preen glands for oiling feathers because this oil keeps their feathers in good condition and assists in weather proofing (not always just water proofing) the feathers to become very good insulation against temperature extremes.
To mimic and assist a healthful glistening GLOW to your fine feathered birds at a show, have a nice silk cloth there to give the birds a final wipe down. The silk just whisks off the dust that will dull the plumage and conditioning and good health will only assist your birds to be shown in the best condition they can be shown!
9) Hatching eggs are a much better way to avoid poultry diseases than purchasing live birds of one year of age or more.
ANSWER - False
So please tell me how you can identify a disease (past maybe a wrinkled egg shell) in an egg? You can ID a sick bird...you can see it is not healthy but with eggs, much more difficult to know what lays inside that egg...like a ticking time bomb. So pretty and innocent...so dang dangerous and hidden horrors can await you!
The Chicken Health Handbook by Gail Damerow, page 215 (transcription errors all mine!)
Diseases Transmitted Through Hatching Eggs
Colibacillosis, air-sac disease, Chronic Respiratory disease, Omphalitis, Egg Drop Syndrome, Epidemic Tremor, Infectious Anemia, Infectious Stunting Syndrome, Lmyphoid/Sarcoma, Lympoid Leukosis, Osteodomonas, Rotaviral Enteritis, Runting Syndrome, Salmonellosis, Arizonosis, Paratyphoid, Pullorum, Typhoid, and Viral Arthritis...
To name a few, all those above are transmitted thru hatching eggs...yeh. Some are rare and some so common it is hard to find those without it.
The worst two in my mind...Salmonella and Chronic Respiratory.
Salmonella because us humans and our dogs can get it, dogs don't really get ill but humans...oh good gosh! And I am told you have to cull birds for Salmonella if you get it...some hatcheries spread that about up here in the Great White North...devastating! You cull yer birds---all of them...I can not fathom that misery!
CRD (Chronic Respiratory Disease) is the WORST one to me because it is that...hides and is chronic, stress the bird (and so many ways to do that, a weather related temperature change can stress a bird) and the result is a drop in egg production or feed versus fleshing...so we got CRD running rampant, hatching eggs distributing it and we got people saying, "My birds aren't laying or putting on meat?" and thinking their genetics are bad when it is a disease that has compromised production. That no meat and no eggs can be all due to a hidden from them disease that they brought in innocently by getting a dozen hatching eggs to hatch and infect ALL their birds with; that sucks to me.
Take a bird to a show...get them coughed on and suddenly your chickens have colds. Hello...chickens that are disease free do not have colds; no sniffles, no coughs, no watery eyes...EVER... Healthful chickens do not get colds...they get things like CRD that make them sick and make them carriers and make other birds sick too. A chicken can cough due to dusty conditions, yes, but CRD is a real potential bad conclusion if you got chickens with colds.
I personally would far sooner have an adult bird to examine, quarantine from my other birds and see if they get sick...better yet, stick in a bird of your own as a sacrifice and if your own bird gets sick in the company of the new ones...you got troubles indeed! Best to deal with losing one bird to the new ones and culling all than to expose all yer birds (duty of care to what you have NOW) to new ones and lose everything.
Those innocent hatching eggs roar at me of the potential trouble I could invite here...besides the number required to get three pairs of adults worth breeding from...top three percent is what I deem breeding prospects...do quick math on how many hatching eggs for that...I get 428 hatching eggs... YIKES!
Need double the shipped hatching eggs to get hatched as day olds...need top 3 percent and 7 percent will die from chick to adult...that math goes as follows...
Three pairs = six birds...top 3% of 100 = six birds x two to get three pairs (3% of 100 = three birds / want six birds so double x 100 = 200 eggs), average death rate of chick to adult is around seven percent so 7 won't live in 100 times 2 (= 14), and then you gotta double it because on average, half the eggs shipped never hatch... (200 + 14) doubled = 428 eggs...so who the heck is gonna have 428 hatching eggs for me to hatch so I can have three pairs of adults worth breeding from? Get real! And all along, jest one of the 428 eggs could harbour a nasty nasty I cannot evaluate as being IN the dang egg...Icrumba!
All our foundation birds here came from ADULT birds I could quarantine, examine and go forward on. That is my reality and why hatching eggs are never an option for us here...no thanks!
10) By watching iris colour in Golden pheasants, one may sex them far sooner than waiting for the two year old plumage to be formed to see the gender differences.
ANSWER - True
I apologize as I have no close ups of year old male Goldens eye wise...I do have babes, females and males eyes and one pic of juvenile males that are feathered as girls are.
Day olds, two on right, chant on left
Brown eyed mom and her babes
yellow eyed two year old males
all boys...two older males in adult male feathers and two younger boys
The males have yellow irises show up before the adult male plumage does. The females have brown irises (and keep them brown) as do the babies have brown. Very helpful because it takes two years to determine form feather gender differences in the Golden Pheasants. Pheasants can kill each other over genders...so an all boy pen is safer than mixed genders as they get more mature. We have had as many as seven males all happy batching in...add one girl, and well the dynamics go from drinking beers together to knocking off heads...agh!
Cut toe nail short...drops of blood or pluck feather -both work swell
Now one can do a DNA gender test with blood or feather...but that runs about $12 a test and not sure the labs offer ones for pheasants...we have had our Australian Black Swans DNA gender typed by feather and blood.
So on the home front...Rick and I celebrate 29 years married and 34 years in total unofficially. Heck, don't think I was gonna marry a man I did not know did yah so we lived in sin for five! Rick figured we would not last seven years together...I keep rubbing that in his face...how many times the seven years have we tormented each other NOW!?? Never wonder why he keeps offering to give me a copy of that note for the judge, eh.
Love my squeeze...more than yesterday, and less than tomorrow...every single day here together...better and better here in Pear-A-Dice...and we better stick together like glue because after that long together encouraging each other to be as bad as we can be (enablers?)...we are not fit to be with anyone else...!! I am sure we are both so ruined it is a riotious thought anyone would even entertain having us even for just dinner. Yikes...too bad what two persons can do for each other after than many years. Monsters I say, literal social monstrosities...and lovin' it!
I got dogs, he's got trucks...I got way too many dependents, and he's got too many guitars to play them all in one session...yeh, just ripe old buggers doing whatever we want together despite how very wrong it may seem...to normal people if such things exist any mores. Ruined indeed and one would get the duo response of "HUH?" if you called us out on the rug for bad behaviours...since either one of us allows & even endorses that behaviour!
Doggone & Chicken UP!
Tara Lee Higgins
Higgins Rat Ranch Conservation Farm, Alberta, Canada