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Aylesbury ducks, True Pekin Ducks, and Long Island ducks- a discussion and "proposal" - Page 4

post #31 of 34
Thread Starter 

Sorry to disappoint but I can't get my scanner to work. :( I might try to fix it tomorrow.

 

In the meantime, I found this:

 

Quote:
White Pekin Ducks 

Pekin ducks -were first imported into this countr>- from 
Pekin, China, by Mr. James E. Palmer, of Stonington, 
Conn., about the year 1873. They made their first appear- 
ance in England in 1872. 
.^,. , . -• The Pekins have taken the 

place of the iMuscovy duck 
for market culture in this 
country, principally owing 
to their hardy nature, more 
rapid growth and other ex- 
cellent qualities so impor- 
tant in market culture, and 
not so prominent in the 
Muscovy. The Pekin is a 
pure white duck, with short 
legs of a reddish orange col- 
or. The bill is of a medium 
size, and of deep yellow 
'^■P^C^affiSi^lt^^-j V ' color. The Standard gives 

.„i^p'?(siiii^^o^^^^_:_;., _ jj^p weightof an adult drake 

WHITE PEKIN DTJCKS. . at eight pounds; young 
drake, seven pounds^ adult 
duck, seven pounds, and young duck, six pounds. Yet the 
writer saw a number of ten and twelve pound carcasses on 
the Long Islanrl duck farms. The necks are stronglv built; 
back, broad and long; breast, full and round ; and the body 
deep and very long. 

Prices: Single drake, S3.00 ; pair, So.OO; trio, 88.00.. 
Eggs, per 6, $1.00 ; per Iz, $1.75. 
 

For some reason a lot of the letters are scrambled. This is an old historic document called "Garden and farm manual."

 

https://archive.org/stream/gardenfarmmanual1898john/gardenfarmmanual1898john_djvu.txt

post #32 of 34

this is so cool, seems like something my grandpa would have read in an old newspaper. since our discussion I thought to do some research on my chocolate indian runner. i found some cool facts like; it's thought that indian runners have been around for more than 2000 years, when they were in china they worked in the rice paddy fields, and its thought that the black and chocolate indian runners are from breeding indian runners with some dark plumage and the black east indian duck. i see a teal sheen in gunters feathers and it seems to add up 

Marceline the pekin and Gunter the runner (a vampire queen and a penguin)
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Marceline the pekin and Gunter the runner (a vampire queen and a penguin)
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post #33 of 34
Thread Starter 

I'm glad you posted, I had almost forgotten about this thread.

 

Since my last post I have found much more information on all three breeds, and on a fourth breed...

 

First, here is an image of a yellow pekin duck, from Europe, probably Germany:

 

The picture is from the book: "Keeping Ducks and Geese" by Chris and Mike Ashton.

 

 

A note on the yellow color:

 

Quote:
 
The colour is of course white. However,
the young drakes especially possess a
lemon-coloured, silky sheen over the
plumage. 
 
It’s possible to increase the slight
yellow reflection by feeding them
extra maize.
 
Some exhibition breeders do go too
far. They keep the German Pekin in
cages or sheds all the time during
the day, so that they will not get
any sunlight. Only by night are they
allowed to go out, and they feed
them only maize. The result is a
yellow German Pekin duck, but this
is at the cost of animal cruelty.
 
So it’s a compliment
to the knowledge of
some judges in the
Netherlands and
Belgium when they
note on the
judgement card:
‘Bird too yellow!!!!’

 

That note comes from the same article referenced below.

 

-----

 

Now for a history of true / European pekins.

 

It started with a Chinese breed, the shi-chin-ya-tze or ten pounds duck.

 


Now according to "The German Peking Duck" by Kenneth Broekman (where the above image was found):

 

Quote:
The result was that Mr John Palmer in 1873 imported these ducks into the USA.
But in 1872 a certain Englishman Mr Walter Steward imported the same breed into the UK.
This was the start of two types of Pekin ducks.

 

He goes on to say the American crossed the imported ducks with aylesburys, creating the Long Island or "American Pekin."

 

Next,

 

Quote:
 
And how was the German Pekin Duck created? This was thanks to the
commercial spirit of the Dutch Seafarers.
 
The Dutch East India shipping company was the only company
permitted to trade and to enter Japanese harbours. As a result, the
‘Penguin’ or ‘Japanese duck’ set foot in Europe. It is in type an upright bird.
 
German fanciers then started to crossbreed the Penguin/Japanese with the existing Pekin duck: the Shi-chin-ya-tze from China. It must be stated that the German fanciers did a great job to perfect the breed now called German Pekin duck.

 

 

So the Pekin family tree goes like this:

 

 

                                                                             --------------------crossed with Aylesbury = Long Island Duck (American Pekin)

Shi-chin-ya-tze (ten pound duck, first pekin) -----

                                                                             -------------------- crossed with "Penguin Duck" = (European) Pekin

 

Now what is the Penguin Duck?

 

Penguin Duck is simply an old term for the breed we now call "Indian Runner"! (see wikipedia)

 

Visual:

 

 

 

 

The internet does not have much information on the shi-chin-ya-tze.

 

So there you have it, the origins of the Long Island duck and the European pekin.

 

There is more to come, too much to fit in one post.

post #34 of 34
Nice thread. I wish the pictures would still show...
Edited by macgro7 - 3/14/16 at 12:45am
1 acre urban farm: Muscovies, Czech Geese, Chickens, Turkeys, Quails, Rabbits, Pigeons
Reply
1 acre urban farm: Muscovies, Czech Geese, Chickens, Turkeys, Quails, Rabbits, Pigeons
Reply
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