The Chinese breed is a descendant of the wild swan goose, like it's cousin, the African. It is a very good duel purpose breed, as well as an excellent guard animal. Today, Chinese geese are becoming more common on some farms than dogs! Why? Due to their loud and gregarious nature, they are quick to alert the farmer and other animals of predators and intruders. I have found it always good to have a goose or two in the flock during free ranging time, two or three geese will make even a dog reconsider attacking your prized poultry.
Meat and Eggs
Female Chinese geese are known to lay an average of 50-60 eggs during their breeding season, which is February to June. Although there are records of some geese laying up to 100 eggs during these months! While they may be on in the light class of geese, their meat is the least greasy if any other domestic breed. So as you can see, they are indeed a dual purpose breed.
Like stated before, the breeding season of Chinese geese is February to June. They are known to lay atleast forty and as many as one hundred eggs during this time. So clearly, with good management they can produce twice as many goslings as any other breed.
A little more about the breed
Here is what the American Livestock Conservancy has to say about the Chinese:
"Chinese geese are considered by many to be the most graceful and beautiful member of the goose family. They are elegant and dignified on both land and water. Sometimes referred to as "Swan Geese" because of their long and graceful necks, they descend from the wild swan goose native to Asia."
When this breed arrived in the United States is not known, but we do know the George Washington kept them on his farm in Mount Vernon.
Until it's decommissioning in 2002, a flock of over one hundred geese guarded 25 million gallons of aging whiskey at the Ballantine distillery in Dumbarton, Scotland. So they are indeed trusted guards.
Finding Chinese geese that fit the standard of the APA are quiet hard to find, so I suggest using a private breeder with show stock if you are interested in raising them. It was first admitted to the APA in 1874.
They come in two colors, brown and white. They are known for their long and slender necks as well as large knobs on their bill.