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Table 1. Possible clinical signs for common respiratory diseases of poultry.
Clinical signs
pox1
Newcastle2
IB3
Quail
Bronchitis
AI4
coryza5
LT6
TRT7
Chlamydiosis
SHS8
MG9
MS10
MM11
Aspergillosis
Coughing
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Sneezing
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Shaking head
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Rales (abnormal breathing sound)
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Gasping
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Discharge from eyes
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Nasal discharge
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Swelling of face and/or
wattles
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Bluish-purple discoloration
of face
X
X
X
X
X
Retarded growth
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Lameness
X
General diarrhea
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Green, watery diarrhea
X
X
X
X
Swollen joints
X
Paralysis
X
Twisting of head and neck
X
X
X
X
X
Red/white spots on legs
and comb
X
Warts/scabs
X
Conjunctivitis
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Prostration
X
X
X
X
1
Fowl Pox
2Newcastle disease
3Infectious bronchitis
4Avian influenza
5Infectious coryza
6Laryngotracheitis
7Turkey rhinotracheitis
8Swollen head syndrome
9Mycoplasma gallisepticum
10Mycoplasma synoviae
11Mycoplasma meleagridis
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