Encouraging Or Discouraging Broodiness In Your Hens

There are many benefits to having a broody hen raise the chicks, rather than by a human. Even if the eggs are hatched via incubator or the chicks...
Rating:
4/5,
  1. myfivegirls


    Encouraging or Discouraging Broodiness in Your Hens



    [​IMG]



    Since I started to raise chickens in August 2008, I have learned so much valuable information about raising chickens, but I still am learning something new all the time. Some of the best advice has been from this wonderful community of chicken lover’s on Backyard Chickens Forum. I’ve also gleaned a lot from reading books and magazines, as well as, hands-on experience. One of those things that I read about for several years, and then experienced for the first time in 2012, was a broody hen. Like most mothers in the animal kingdom, some hens have retained the natural instinct to raise their own young. Depending on your motives for raising chickens, this can be an added benefit or a great hindrance, both of which we’ll discuss in this article.
    For those who are strictly interested in getting the most eggs out of their flock as possible, broodiness would not be a desirable trait. For the 2-3 months that the hen is broody, she won’t lay any eggs. The good news is that most of the modern high production breeds have been selectively bred and rarely “go broody”, including the Leghorns, Sex Links, Production Reds, & Rhode Island Reds. Many of the other breeds rarely go broody, but there are always a few exceptions.


    Signs of a Broody Hen

    [​IMG] [​IMG]
    Daisy all nestled down in the hay; Alix fluffed up and agitated, because I moved her off the eggs.


    First, you need to know the “symptoms” of a broody hen. The most common sign is that she won’t come out of the nesting box for food or at roosting time. The hen may also fluff up her feathers, growl and peck at you, but that can happen if she’s just laying an egg. Many people refer on BYC Forum to a classic “broody stare” and “a broody hen pancake”. These two things are in reference to a somewhat “flattened” appearance caused by the fluffing of the feathers, spreading of the hen’s wings, closely tucked head and neck, and the hen’s chest tightly nestled into the nesting material. She will appear to be “one with the nest”, so as to be “invisible” and to provide the most heat for the eggs; which is quite evident if you reach underneath her. My broody hens always “screeched” when I went to check the eggs underneath them, and I would often have to “pry” them off the nest, as they wouldn’t want to stand up! A very determined broody hen will often pluck out her breast feathers (called a “broody patch”) to provide heat and humidity for the incubating eggs. Another way to “test” is to remove her from the nesting box and watch her actions. Sometimes, she’ll stay in the “sitting” position for a few minutes before starting to walk around. Often, they’ll also make a weird sound, like a “ticking”, and their feathers will be all fluffed out (to twice their normal size) when walking among the other hens. If they are truly broody, though, they’ll simply return back to sitting on the eggs, but they’ll often forget which nesting box they were in before.


    Discouraging a Broody Hen

    If you don’t want the broody hen to hatch out any eggs, the most common advice is to remove her from the nesting box or wherever she is sitting on the eggs. It’s best to place the broody hen in a brightly lit (not in full sun, though) isolation cage without bedding for several days to a week. I usually use a wire-floored rabbit cage and place it where she can see the other hens, but is out of the weather. If the hen is really determined, you might have to raise the cage up off the ground, so that air flows underneath. You still need to feed and water the hen, but the main idea is to prevent her from getting into the nesting boxes or wherever she wants to sit on those eggs. Some people have given their hens a cold bath, placed ice cubes under them in the nesting box, and many other hilarious methods that occasionally work. Most people have great success with “breaking a broody hen”, but some hens are very determined and will be constantly in the “Broody Buster Cage”. If you have a die-hard broody and don’t want to use her for hatching eggs, you might consider finding her a home who’d love to have a broody hen.


    Encouraging and Utilizing a Broody Hen

    700.jpg 700.jpg

    For those who are looking to be more self-sufficient in terms of raising replacements in their flock, broody hens are a very useful asset. Others love them simply as an “enabler” of the “Morehens disease” or for the cuteness of those fluffy little chicks. Broody hens don’t have to lay all the eggs they incubate, as they’ll gladly accept donations from the other hens in the flock. Broody hens can also be used to raise other species of poultry, including ducks and guineas. Some hens will even adopt chicks from a hatchery or an incubator, but other hens reject them. Everyone agrees, though, that whenever you move the hen or add chicks not hatched by the hen, it is best to do it when it’s dark. While you can’t hatch out as many chicks as you would in an incubator or order from a hatchery, it’s a fun way to raise baby chicks.


    "Making a Hen Go Broody"

    While many chicken keepers are eventually “blessed” with a broody hen, there are some who would like to “make a hen go broody”. Unfortunately, there isn’t a tried-and-true method to “make” a broody hen, due to that it’s mostly brought on by genetics, hormones and instincts. Some people, however, have been successful in encouraging a hen to go broody be leaving real or fake eggs in the nesting box. Or some will enclose them in a separate darkened area with a nest of (fake) eggs, in hopes that the hen will “become broody”. Most of the time, though, the hens will decide the best time to raise a clutch, and we have to adapt our “plans” to theirs. A lot has to do with the breed of the hen, but even with the common broody breeds such as Silkies, Cochins, Game Hens, Buff Orps, not every single hen will go broody. Then, there’s the unusual case where the less broody breeds will go broody, such as the Black Sex Link and White Easter Egger hens in my flock.



    700.jpg
    One of my Broody Hen Houses


    Broody Hen Tips
    Once you’ve determined that you indeed have a broody hen, and want her to hatch out some eggs, it is highly recommended to separate the broody hen from the rest of the flock – at night. Everyone seems to find a suitable “broody house”, whether it be a small chicken tractor, dog crate or house, 5 gal bucket, plastic bin, etc. For some, they simply close off the nesting box that the hen is already in. But, that requires manually removing the hen several times a day to eliminate waste, eat & drink. When you move the hen, you should place some fake eggs under her to make sure she stays broody. After at least 24 hrs, then you can place the unrefrigerated fertilized eggs under the broody hen. It is also important that the hen is in good health, as she will hardly eat during the 19-21 days she incubates the eggs. I would also make sure she gets off the nest for a potty break, especially if her area is too small to allow that. Another option is to fence off a small section outside of the broody house, and the hen will self regulate when to take breaks. Make sure, though, the hen cannot access the other nesting boxes in the coop. After she has had a dust bath, eaten & pooped, she will instinctively know to return back to her nest. But if her nest is next to a row of other nesting boxes, she may not return to the right one and cause the partially incubated eggs to die.
    One of the other reasons it’s recommended to separate the broody hen is that other flock members might view the chicks as “intruders”. Especially when they rest of the eggs are hatching, and the mother hen can’t be there to protect a wandering chick. You also want to make sure they can’t squeeze through any fencing separating the broody hen and the rest of the flock. The general consensus is to wait until the chicks are at least 1 or 2 weeks old, before letting the broody hen and the chicks intermingle during the day with the rest of the flock. Some people, including myself, have been successful in allowing the broody hen and chicks forage during the day with the rest of the flock from only a day or two old, but I would be cautious, as it may not work for everyone.



    700.jpg 700.jpg

    Daisy the Broody Hen with the Meat Chicks and Other Hens Eating Whole Oats; Teaching them to Scratch for Bugs in the Compost

    700.jpg 700.jpg
    Black Willow Alix teaching her chicks what's good to eat and how to dust bath

    Benefits of a Broody Hen Raising Chicks

    There are many benefits to having a broody hen raise the chicks, rather than by a human. Even if the eggs are hatched via incubator or the chicks are from a hatchery, I personally think that the broody hen does a great job raising them. Not only do you save money by not having to use a heat lamp, but you can also save a little food cost. The mother hen teaches the chicks from a very early age how to forage their own food, often much sooner than if we humans were raising the chicks. She has a food call very similar to a rooster, which she uses to call the chicks to her when she’s found a tasty morsel. Plus, a broody hen will gradually integrate the young chickens into the rest of the flock, causing less pecking and commotion. Some broody hens will even teach the chicks to roost with the other birds inside the coop. I personally love watching the interaction between the mother hen and chicks, and how they learn to copy her every movement. For each hen, it will vary how long she stays with the chicks, but most will stay with them for around 6-8 weeks. She will gradually let the chicks wander around on their own, and leave them for a few minutes at a time. Even after the chicks have “graduated” into independence, the broody hen may once in awhile “check” on them.


    [​IMG]

    Daisy's Brood Roosting in the Big Girl's Coop at 1 Month Old!



    Disadvantages of a Broody Hen Raising Chicks

    There are only about two minor “disadvantages” that I can think of. One would be that the chicks tend to be more “wild” and not a friendly as those I’ve hand raised. I think if you make an effort to spend time handling them, even while they’re with the mother, they might be friendlier than mine have been. The second would be the feeding issue. Most chicks need higher protein feed, and the other chickens in the flock love to steal the chick’s food. I “solved” this by feeding them in the morning and evening when they were cooped up in their own house, separate from the hens. With the second batch of broody hen raised chicks, I fermented the layer mash/chick grower, whole oats, alfalfa pellets & day old bread, and fed that to everyone in the flock. The hens continued to lay well, and the chicks grew great, and they self-adjusted their diet by foraging for the rest.

    Why I Love Broody Hens

    So, whether you decide that you want to discourage or encourage your broody hen, they both have great advantages. Even if you don’t want any more hens or roosters to keep for eggs, I had one of my broody hens raise a small batch of meat chickens. Those normally lazy Cornish Rock chicks were taught by the broody hen to forage, dust bath, run & jump. Even up to their last day, they were very active, even flying up on top of the compost pile, and scratching through it for bugs. That’s why I love broody hens. Not only they excel at teaching the “young’ins” what being a chicken is all about, but it’s also the most natural way. I see it as their way of fulfilling the blessing they were given after being created:
    “Be fruitful and multiply … and let the birds multiply on the earth.”

    400.jpg

    You might find this Broody Hen Thread interesting, but I’ve got to warn you:
    Once you start reading, it’s very hard to stop!
    https://www.backyardchickens.com/t/...ody-hen-hatch-a-long-and-informational-thread



    All photos in the article are from my own flock, and taken by me.​

    Share This Article

Comments

To make a comment simply sign up and become a member!
  1. Tucs
    Thank you so much for this wonderful article. My two year old BO Tweety has been seriously broody for over two weeks and I will be picking up two newly hatched chicks next week from a local small breeder. One reason I am getting already hatched chicks is to be certain I don't get a roo. I only have one other hen, Ginger, a very sweet RIR who is terribly lonely and spends most of her days sitting on my desk. Do you think I will need to keep her away from the chicks for two weeks? She has never been mean to anyone and usually gets bossed around by Tweety the soon to be mother hen. Any advice would be welcome.
  2. RJSorensen
    Thoughtful and well written, I thank you for your time and effort. Your photographs are a nice and needed addition making this a wonderful and complete package.
  3. farmgirlinok
    Very good detailed article. I have one comment: I have found 3 days in the 'chicken jail' as we like to call it breaks any broody hen. But no less than 3 full days. I agree, letting the hens hatch and raise the chicks is the best. I have some part Cochin hens and they brood on a regular basis and also make good mamas. They are just a pain when I don't want to raise chicks.
  4. Mountain Peeps
    I absloutly LOVE this article! Great job!!!!:) (I especially love that verse at the end!)
  5. MaineCkLvr
    Just found this article. I have 5 Rhode Island Reds and am having a difficult time getting any of them to brood. Now I understand why. I may be able to encourage one but it will take some work by the looks of it. Thank you so much for this article, helps me a lot!!
  6. Royal Red
    Thank you for putting so much into your article for the rest of us to enjoy. I found this to be very helpful.
  7. MuranoFarms
    Great post! Thanks for this.

    Pinned it!

    ~L
  8. mmgillan
    Can you take a semi-broody hen and place some incubated eggs under just before they are due to hatch?
  9. Nutcase
    Awesome article!
  10. thewobsers
    Very nice article. My Buckeye hens are the broodiest i have ever had. Have one right now that wont give up. Silly chickens.
  11. MLWoods
    We are hoping for a broody! What age are they more likely to brood? These are our first chickens, and of course we want more. They are just coming into age of lay now. Is this something that older hens tend to do, or can I hope for a young layer to go broody?
  12. Frostymug
    I've suspected one of our year old Buff Orps of having broody tendencies, and this article really seems to confirm her behaviour. I'm sure that with a little encouragement, she'll take right to the job. We're hoping to take advantage of that this spring and hatch our own peeps. Thanks for the well written article. The photos were a great accompaniment and placed appropriately throughout the piece.
  13. blessedchick
    Thank you for such an informative article. I love my broody Silkies and also love watching them with their chickies...I can barely wait for spring!
  14. Brandi Leigh
    Can't wait to try some of these methods to try and make my Buff Orpington go broody in the spring!
  15. myfivegirls
    quote: kitmarlowescot2Lovely article, I was looking at some of your other pages, and was wondering will you be keeping Daisy and Alix past their prime egg laying time and avoid "retirement" so that they can can continue to raise your future meat bird or egg laying chicks ?
    -----------------------------
    If Daisy & Alix continue going broody and doing a great job, then they'll probably stay longer than their egg laying "sisters". I'm not sure how long, but they're not the "list" for next year's retirements.
  16. Troy6671
    Great article! Thank you!
  17. Mr MKK FARMS
    Nice article, thanks!
  18. n8ivetxn
    Good article! I love my broody French Marans :)
  19. jchny2000
    Thank you! Wonderful article.
  20. Gino1126
    I've seen a few leghorns go broody. It's rare but not impossible.
  21. TheCrazyClucker
    Wow... Leghorns aren't supposed to be broody??... I think my Leghorn is just a little broody though...
  22. kitmarlowescot2
    Lovely article, I was looking at some of your other pages, and was wondering will you be keeping Daisy and Alix past their prime egg laying time and avoid "retirement" so that they can can continue to raise your future meat bird or egg laying chicks ?
  23. chickenbusiness
    Thank you for sharing this information. I found it on the home page. Great information.
  24. applegal
    Nice article! My broody raised a batch of farm store chicks and did a great job!
  25. Whittni
    :) Thanks for sharing.
  26. BYC Project Manager
    Congratulations! Your article is now featured on the homepage carousel! Thanks for submitting it to our BYC Article Writing Contest.
  27. Chicks Galore3
    Thanks! I am having my first broody hen issue...My ameracauna hen.
  28. DaniellePage
    nice. I like that you touched on all the options, pros and cons
  29. myfivegirls
    wow! u've come along way baby from the 1st essay u ever wrote! expertly and interestingly written. the photos and short paragraphs encourage the reader to read on!!!
  30. willowbranchfarm
  31. Phyrst
    Good pictures and I like your tips. For years I heard a broody hen was one that "sits". It's nice to know exactly what is going on!
  32. Marty1876
    Nice article.

BackYard Chickens is proudly sponsored by