- Breed Purpose:
- Dual Purpose
- Climate Tolerance:
- All Climates
- Egg Productivity:
- Egg Size:
- Egg Color:
- Breed Temperament:
- Friendly, Flighty, Easily handled, Calm, Bears confinement well, Quiet, Docile
- Breed Colors/Varieties:
- Black, Blue, Blue Wheaten, Brown Red, Buff, Silver, Wheaten, and White. Colors being worked on include Lavender, Splash, Splash Wheaten, Mottled, Salmon, Red Pyle and Black Gold.
- Breed Size:
- Large Fowl
The Ameraucana is an American breed of chicken developed in the USA in the 1970s. It was derived from chickens brought from South America (Chile) that carried the blue egg gene and was bred to maintain the blue egg colour gene of that breed. There is also an Ameraucana bantam variety and both the LF and bantam variety were added to the APA Standard of Perfection (SOP) in 1984. Recognised varieties are: Black, Blue, Blue Wheaten, Brown Red, Buff, Silver, Wheaten, White.
The Ameraucana is one of the few chicken breeds to lay blue eggs, another being the Cream Legbar, which also have an Araucana influence. The Ameraucana breed shows many similarities to the Araucana breed, such as pea combs and of course the blue egg gene. The Araucana however has earmuffs and is rumpless, whereas the Ameraucana has a tail and is muffed and bearded. Their earlobes are small and round, wattles small or absent, earlobes, comb and wattles are all red. Their shanks are slate-blue, (tending to black in the Black variety). In Australia and UK both Ameraucana and Araucana breeds are viewed as varieties of the Araucana - tailed and rumpless.
Less rare than Araucanas, Ameraucana are still considered quite rare. They are often confused with Easter Eggers (EE's are often advertised and sold as Ameraucanas), which can lay blue AND green eggs.
See here: Differences Between EEs, Ameraucanas, and Araucanas
For more info on Ameraucanas and their owners' and breeders' experiences, see our breed discussion here:
Chicken Breed Info:
Breed Purpose: Dual Purpose
Climate Tolerance: All Climates
General Egg Info:
Egg Productivity: Medium
Egg Size: Medium
Egg Color: Blueish Green or Blue
Aggressive,Friendly,Flighty,Easily handled,Calm,Bears confinement well,Quiet,Docile
Breed Colors / Varieties:
Black, Blue, Blue Wheaten, Brown Red, Buff, Silver Duckwing, Wheaten and White. Colors being worked on include Lavender, Splash, Splash Wheaten, Mottled, Salmon, Red Pyle and Black Gold.
I have been breeding for several years and have found them to be anywhere on the spectrum from personable, to shy and always entertaining. The best layers are the black and blue varieties. The most personable are the wheatens and blue wheatens. Whites and buffs are very easy going. Silvers, along with black and blue can be flighty. I have found that if you raise the more flighty birds in a large brooder or in smaller numbers it tends to make them more receptive to humans. The blue, black, wheaten and blue wheaten varieties, in my opinion have the nicest egg color. They are good layers and do not drop off in production sharply after their second year like many other breeds.
Recent User Reviews
"Love the eggs"
Pros - Beautiful egg layer
Cons - skittish
I had one given to me 3 years ago. She was an older hen, about 2 when I got her. She was people shy and would hide from you. She laid the most beautiful green eggs and everyone wanted them. She laid about 5 eggs a week. When I let the flock she would run like crazy after bugs. She lived for 2 years after I had her. Looking to get one in a few years.
Pros - They are very friendly and an extreamly docile breed. They lay beautiful blue eggs. They tolerate heat well and are very cold hardy.
Cons - It can be very hard to find true Ameraucanas. They do mature a little slower than some other breeds so you may not get your first egg until they are around 6 months old.
We raise blue, black and splash Ameraucanas. We adore them! The roosters are wonderful with the hens and not aggressive towards us at all. They are an excellent breed!
"I Love My Ameraucanas"
Pros - Beautiful birds, exquisite coloring. Lovely pink or blue eggs. Good brooders.
Cons - Not super friendly. Can act really pissy when you take their eggs.
I currently have 4 Ameraucanas along with a bunch of other girls. They're my 2nd favorite dual purpose birds. I never get tired of watching them with their exquisite coloring and subtle variations. They are not pets, they're for eggs and eventually the table but I've become so fond them I'll probably keep them forever, they're just that lovely. Ours lay pale pink eggs and lovely pale turquoise eggs. Very good brooders as well.