- Breed Purpose:
- Dual Purpose
- Climate Tolerance:
- All Climates
- Egg Productivity:
- Egg Size:
- Egg Color:
- Breed Temperament:
- Friendly, Flighty, Easily handled, Calm, Bears confinement well, Quiet, Docile
- Breed Colors/Varieties:
- Black, Blue, Blue Wheaten, Brown Red, Buff, Silver, Wheaten, and White. Colors being worked on include Lavender, Splash, Splash Wheaten, Mottled, Salmon, Red Pyle and Black Gold.
- Breed Size:
- Large Fowl
The Ameraucana is an American breed of chicken developed in the USA in the 1970s. It was derived from chickens brought from South America (Chile) that carried the blue egg gene and was bred to maintain the blue egg colour gene of that breed. There is also an Ameraucana bantam variety and both the LF and bantam variety were added to the APA Standard of Perfection (SOP) in 1984. Recognised varieties are: Black, Blue, Blue Wheaten, Brown Red, Buff, Silver, Wheaten, White.
The Ameraucana is one of the few chicken breeds to lay blue eggs, another being the Cream Legbar, which also have an Araucana influence. The Ameraucana breed shows many similarities to the Araucana breed, such as pea combs and of course the blue egg gene. The Araucana however has earmuffs and is rumpless, whereas the Ameraucana has a tail and is muffed and bearded. Their earlobes are small and round, wattles small or absent, earlobes, comb and wattles are all red. Their shanks are slate-blue, (tending to black in the Black variety). In Australia and UK both Ameraucana and Araucana breeds are viewed as varieties of the Araucana - tailed and rumpless.
Less rare than Araucanas, Ameraucana are still considered quite rare. They are often confused with Easter Eggers (EE's are often advertised and sold as Ameraucanas), which can lay blue AND green eggs.
See here: Differences Between EEs, Ameraucanas, and Araucanas
For more info on Ameraucanas and their owners' and breeders' experiences, see our breed discussion here:
Chicken Breed Info:
Breed Purpose: Dual Purpose
Climate Tolerance: All Climates
General Egg Info:
Egg Productivity: Medium
Egg Size: Medium
Egg Color: Blueish Green or Blue
Aggressive,Friendly,Flighty,Easily handled,Calm,Bears confinement well,Quiet,Docile
Breed Colors / Varieties:
Black, Blue, Blue Wheaten, Brown Red, Buff, Silver Duckwing, Wheaten and White. Colors being worked on include Lavender, Splash, Splash Wheaten, Mottled, Salmon, Red Pyle and Black Gold.
I have been breeding for several years and have found them to be anywhere on the spectrum from personable, to shy and always entertaining. The best layers are the black and blue varieties. The most personable are the wheatens and blue wheatens. Whites and buffs are very easy going. Silvers, along with black and blue can be flighty. I have found that if you raise the more flighty birds in a large brooder or in smaller numbers it tends to make them more receptive to humans. The blue, black, wheaten and blue wheaten varieties, in my opinion have the nicest egg color. They are good layers and do not drop off in production sharply after their second year like many other breeds.
Recent User Reviews
Pros - Gentle, Aesthetically pleasing, varied colors, colored eggs
Cons - Low on Pecking order, gets bullied during snack time
We love our Ameraucana Hens. We have 5 that are mixed in with 4 other breeds for a total of a 50 hen flock. These ladies are so sweet and demure. They are gentle to handle, very curious and ours are great foragers. They all have different but gorgeous feathers. We can't wait to see our first egg. This one's name is Silver, she has the sweetest grey beard! Very light weight birds and ours don't struggle with you when they are held!
Pros - Intelligent, friendly, lay large blue eggs, make excellent alpha hens, many colors to choose from
Cons - Can be aggressive towards flock mates
This is such a fantastic breed. I have found them to be smart, and willing to interact with me. They even learned to cackle in such a way, as to almost simulate language! I would call to my alpha hen, by name, "Taji, Taji, where are you?". That hen would reply to me, "cackle, cackle, buck-buck-buck.", translation, "Here I am, sitting under the grapefruit tree.". LOL!
However, they can get somewhat aggressive with other chickens, occasionally. But, it was this trait, that enabled my Ameruacana to become the alpha hen. And, her majesty, was an excellent leader. She kept the hens in line, stopped any squabbles, did not tolerate, defiance. A quick thrashing would take care of anyone, disrupting the peace.
I also, observed tenderness and acceptance from my Ameruacanas. When I brought a rescued, little game hen into the flock, Taji's sister, Inky, accepted her, when the rest of the flock ingnored and even tormented her with constant pecking. One evening, as I was going to close the coop door, I observed the little game hen, with her head hanging low. Inky stood next to her on the perch. Suddenly, Inky stretched her wing out and placed it over the little game hen, as if she was a chick! They were best friends, from that night on.
This breed has impressed me so much, that I am currently hatching another generation of Ameruacanas. Not only are they beautiful to look at, they are intelligent, strong, and friendly birds.
I think I will always have Ameruacanas in my flock. They truly are, a beautiful and regal breed.