Average User Rating:
  • Breed Purpose:
    Dual Purpose
    Climate Tolerance:
    Egg Productivity:
    Egg Size:
    Egg Color:
    Breed Temperament:
    Friendly, Calm, Bears confinement well.
    Breed Colors/Varieties:
    No variations in color, but also available as a Bantam.
    Breed Size:
    Large Fowl and Bantam

    Buckeyes came into existence through the efforts of Mrs. Nettie Metcalf in Warren, Ohio. This is the only species of chicken known to have been developed by a woman.

    Mrs. Metcalf started crossing Buff Cochin males with Barred Rock females. She was not happy with this cross because she considered them large and lazy so a black breasted red game fowl male was introduced to the resulting Buff Cochin/Barred Rock offspring. This produced several red offspring and the early ancestors were born.

    Mrs. Metcalf's chickens were being bred and raised at the same time as another red breed which was gaining popularity. That "RED" breed is known as the Rhode Island Red. Many believe Mrs. Metcalf's red chickens predated the now common egg layer. As early as 1896, she learned of RIR being bred on the east coast and traded stock with breeders of the new variety. She promptly named her birds, "Pea Combed Rhode Island Red". This hurt her new breed more than it helped with their popularity, so prior to exhibiting at the fair in 1902, she introduced her chickens as Buckeyes. The American Poultry Association first recognized the Buckeye as an individual unique breed in 1904.

    Buckeyes, structurally, are very different from a Rhode Island Red. They are more slanted with broader backs and more muscular thighs. Buckeyes, in the early 1900’s, had a similar appearance to the Cornish chicken. Buckeyes have a rich mahogany outer plumage with a slate color down. They are tight feathered with the roosters having black/green irridescent tail feathers. The hens have black tips. Both sexes have pea combs with small to medium sized wattles. The occasional single comb with larger wattles is still found in the breed but is not preferred by poultry exhibitors. The pea comb and tight feathering makes the Buckeye very suitable to colder climates. In fact, they handle the cold so well, they will continue to lay throughout the winter months. They are also tolerant of very hot and dry conditions.

    Roosters average about 9 pounds and hens 6 1/2 to 7 pounds. They make wonderful dual purpose birds with yellow skin, large breast area and good thigh meat.

    Buckeyes have their own unique personalities. They are a very active bird that prefer to free range though a large coop with run is suitable. They are a vocal bird and will spat with each other, lifting their neck feathers frequently asserting their place in the pecking order. Roosters can be territorial during breeding season. Hens are friendly and make good pets. Pullets will start to lay medium sized eggs at about 6 1/2 months. They are good egg layers. Buckeyes will sometimes go broody and raise chicks.

    Buckeye chicks will range in color from light yellow to almost a light mahogany. Chicks can have a dark strip on their backs. They feather quickly though growth rate may be slower than other dual purpose breeds. Another unique trait to the Buckeye is they will actively mouse as well as a cat, even better at times. Buckeye roosters have a range of calls they make.

    The Buckeye shows some traits of game fowl in its frame and disposition, being assertive in character and a very good forager. They are known for their friendliness and are wonderful with children. Despite its game heritage, it tolerates confinement well, although it will be much happier and produce better if allowed to range on grass. A good meat producer and layer of between 150 to 200 eggs per year, the Buckeye is a dual purpose chicken well–suited to small farmyard and backyard flocks. The Buckeye breed has also been gaining popularity in the exhibition world and gained possibly it's first ever Grand Master Exhibitor (Joe Shumaker of Shumaker Farm) in 2014.

    Buckeye eggs

    Buckeye chick

    Buckeye juvenile

    Buckeye hens

    Buckeye rooster

    For more information on this breed and their owners' and breeders' experiences with them, see our breed discussion here: https://www.backyardchickens.com/threads/chicken-breed-focus-buckeye.1018336/
  • 120687f4_LL.jpeg dafd4cd3_buckeye-32682-260376.jpeg 62ec409e_IMG_20120530_115935.jpeg 604b8343_2014-07-0110.27.37.jpeg 8f2708e6_2014-06-1209.42.29.jpeg e533d40b_red1.jpeg d482a474_1234816_845971445443250_7542204129984750682_n.jpeg e9579a2f_900x900px-LL-6fd132af__20160301_192328_wm.jpeg e53d7753_LL.jpeg champ.jpg 12714362_936699993115904_882931265_n.jpg 12754865_940126432773260_412641775_o.jpg images.jpg images4.jpg

  • Chicken Breed Info:
    Breed Purpose:
    Dual Purpose
    Comb: Pea
    Broodiness: Average
    Climate Tolerance: All Climates

    General Egg Info:
    Egg Productivity:
    Egg Size: Large
    Egg Color: Brown

    Breed Temperament:
    Friendly, non-aggressive

    Breed Colors / Varieties:
    No Variations in color, but also available as a Bantam.
    Breed Details:
    I have raised and bred Buckeye chickens since 2007, NPIP 43-694. After an entire year of researching what chicken would be best suited to our ever changing weather and sometimes quite cold winter and very hot summers. A chicken that was a good egg layer that would lay med/large brown eggs, but also would make nice table fair. I was also searching for a chicken unlike sometimes a Rhode Island Red (which I also raise) that did not stress easily as a chick, were easy brooders and feathered out quickly. Although they do feather out a bit slower than a Rhode Island Red, the ease of raising the Buckeye makes the slower maturing bird inconsequential. I have found all of this and a bird with a very unique personality all in one bird, the Buckeye. For more information please visit: http://www.americanbuckeyepoultryclub.com or http://www.americanbuckeyeclub.org/ with whom this detailed history on the Buckeye was written. Thank you Jeff Lay for the gorgeous picture of Brutus the top picture and your help.







BlackHackle and Frazzemrat1 like this.

Recent User Reviews

  1. FarmeRoach
    "A different experience"
    Pros - Independent, beautiful coloring, curious
    Cons - Aggressive, assertive, stubborn
    After reading some reviews, I am shocked at how many people have friendly, approachable buckeye hens. My girl is the most aggressive of all my hens, constantly fluffing her neck feathers and asserting her dominance over the other hens. Which i know, there is a pecking order, she has earned her place at the top, but everyone will just be grazing together and she'll decide that is a good time to remind everyone of her place. Also, I sincerely love that she is curious and enjoys exploring, but she is so often hard to call back in the coop. She'll literally be within sight, looking at me but she is just flat out stubborn. I couldn't imagine a hen of this breed to be any other way, but I suppose there are several!
    Purchase Price:
    Between 5-7$ at a local feed store
    Purchase Date:
  2. erixsparhawk
    "Always Getting Injured"
    Pros - Independent from flock and hardy to weather.
    Cons - Low egg production, broody, lowest on pecking order.
    I've just had the one buckeye raised from a day old chick. I purchased her thinking that she might kill mice. I watched her completely ignore mice eating out of her feeder. I always had to go looking for her at night when she was missing from the coop. She would have gotten her self stuck in some obstacle around the yard and injured herself trying to escape whatever she got stuck in. This required me to constantly nurse her back to health. I've never had such a dumb and needy bird.
  3. Devw
    "Awesome birds"
    Pros - Lively, friendly, beautiful, consistent medium-egg layers, great meat birds, cold-hardy, heritage
    Cons - None. None at all.
    These are some of the best birds I have ever owned, and are a staple in my flock. The roosters are consistently the sweetest full-sized roosters I've ever owned. The hens are lovely to have around, and are more than willing to be handled.

    Their feathers or ridiculously shiny at times. They don't peck at each others feathers, and don't fight or pick on each other (or other breeds). Their pea combs makes them fantastic for the winter, and are the only American developed pea comb (and are specifically bred to be cold hardy.) They are a good sized breed, and their meat is wonderful.

    I honestly could go on and on about the great things about this breed. Personally, I think they should be renamed the awesome-st birds alive (but that might just be me). They are a fabulous breed, for the new and the old.

    They're a great dual purpose breed, but primarily are used for meat. They don't grow as fast as some of the modern cross breeds do, but they grow faster than other heritage breeds.

    The only fault I have for this breed is that few people raise them, and they are on the critical-endangered chicken breed list. If you want a great, all around breed, this is the breed for you.

User Comments

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  1. Chook to chook
    Wow. We really thought we were getting a tough hawkish bird that would be somewhat scrappy but I can honestly say she is, by far, the nicest bird in our flock. She is more like a dog at times. Anywhere we are in the yard, there she is. She is a great companion and never runs from us or the kids. If you don't want a bird under foot, don't get this breed. If you want a companion chicken who forages like a champ, this is your bird. Not sure if this is a breed anomaly or just our gal but her eggs are extremely conical. We sell our other eggs and keep hers due to the not-so-pretty shape but there's always a lovely orange yolk because of her superior foraging skills. Honestly, this is our favorite bird.
  2. moco27
    If I could only choose 1 breed to be in my flock it would be a Buckeye. They are very stocky birds and are heavier than they look. One of the calmest chickens I have ever been around. I can almost always just reach down and pick them up. Very good socially and good layers.
      Smuvers Farm likes this.
  3. countrydream7
    looking for buckeyes chicks how much do sell them for need ship to canajoharie ny thanks
  4. chickengeorgeto
    As I have never owned a Buckeye chicken I am unqualified to comment on the good, bad, or ugly aspects of Buckeye Chickens. I would however like to see a photo of your birds at maturity. After reading the latest in this thread I don't think that they are Buckeyes.
  5. kcw0525
    @countrydream7 My buckeyes have since passed away since writing this review. Both of them contracted some sort of disease that never spread to any of our other breeds. It eventually killed them. However, they were great layers and friendly birds. I have no "cons" because they were just good chickens.
    1. Swiftbow
      Interesting... the same thing happened to our two buckeyes, about 6 months apart.

      Both of them started losing weight (not obvious at first) and grew weaker until they couldn't walk. Our first one lingered awhile and I built her a chair hoping she could rest and eat (it sort of worked, but she was too far gone.) Our other one died very quickly, just the next day after I noticed symptoms.

      Our third chicken, a dominique, never showed any symptoms, nor did any of the new chickens we got.
      Swiftbow, Oct 31, 2017
  6. countrydream7
    what do you say pros and cons of buckeyes are
  7. countrydream7
    we are getting some buckeyes this year cant wait..hope i have a good experience with them
  8. BirdCrazy24
    If your looking for an all around great chicken then the Buckeyes are it. Temps here have been near zero and they are doing well. No frostbite in the comb. I always feel awful when that happens to the tall comb breeds They are very friendly and under foot. The roo I have is tolerant of people and yet protective of his hens.
  9. CanadianBuckeye
    Yes, to me they do look like Buckeyes. Their pea combs make them super winter hardy but it makes it tough for them to cool down.
  10. Ese_N_Gracie

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