- Breed Purpose:
- Egg Layer
- Climate Tolerance:
- All Climates
- Egg Productivity:
- Egg Size:
- Egg Color:
- Breed Temperament:
- Breed Colors/Varieties:
- Campines come in silver and golden varieties.
- Breed Size:
- Large Fowl
- APA/ABA Class:
The Campine breed was originally created as a much smaller type or version of the Braekel breed. It was decided in 1884 that the two types should be separated and after a long controversy, the Campine became a separate breed with its own breed standard in August 1904. After further controversy, the two breeds were reunited under a single standard in 1925 or 1926, with the name Kempisch-Braekel. In 1962 it was decided that the original Campine type had entirely disappeared, and the name of the Belgian breed was changed to Brakelhoen.
The Campine was imported to England around 1899, and was bred there to become a very different bird. In particular, hen feathering in males became standard. Hen-feathered Braekel males had been bred by Oscar Thomaes of Ronse, Belgium, in 1904, and a male hatched from one of his eggs took first place at a show in London in that year. Campines were later exported from Britain to the United States, where a Campine male took first prizes at a show in New York city and again in Boston in January 1913.
There are two accepted colour varieties of the Campine, Silver and Gold. The Silver campine has a pure white head and neck hackles, the rest of the bird being barred with beetle-green on a pure white ground. The Golden variety has the same pattern, with the head, neck hackles and body ground colour rich gold. Campines are considered to be a flighty, hardy breed with an active and inquisitive nature.
The breed was added to the APA's Standard of Perfction in 1914.
For more information on this breed and their owners' and breeders' experiences with them, see our breed discussion here: https://www.backyardchickens.com/threads/chicken-breed-focus-campine.1077842/
Chicken Breed Info:
Breed Purpose: Egg Layer
Climate Tolerance: All Climates
General Egg Info:
Egg Productivity: Medium
Egg Size: Medium
Egg Color: White
Breed Colors / Varieties:
Campines come in silver and golden varieties.
The name is pronounced kam-peen. Coloring: Campines have a solid colored head and hackles (either gold or white depending on variety) and the body is barred with iridescent beetle black. Their skin is white and the legs are lead colored. Earrlobes are white, beak is horn colored, and eyes are dark brown with a black pupil. Hens and roosters have the same feather pattern. Build: They have a long back and carry their tail very upright. Males weigh average 5-6 lbs and hens are around 4-5 lbs. Their single comb is fairly large and often flops over. The combs are susceptible to frostbite. Other Information: They feather quickly but mature relatively late. They lay and an average 3 eggs per week. While they are considered a egg production hen, they are primarily kept for ornamental purposes. Campines tolerate confinement they do much better if allowed to free range. Differentiation from other breeds: Silver Campines look very similar to Egyptian Fayoumis as chicks. The head and neck feathering will be a more pure white rather than the silver/grey of the FayoumiÂs. Per the standard, the black barring on the Campine should be iridescent; this is not true of the Fayoumi. The Campine will have lead colored legs vs the Fayoumis will be slate colored or willow green. Campines feather pattern is barred and FayoumiÂs are more penciled. Buttercups have a similar feather pattern, but the single comb of the Campine is very easy to differentiate. Credits: Gold Campine Rooster picture provided by luvmychicknkids, hen and egg pictures by Chickenlady,chick pic Kellykate.
Recent User Reviews
"What a wonderful surprise these Golden..."
Pros - clean, efficient feeders, small poop, daily 0.9 oz.- 1 oz. and almost 2" egg, like to fly
Cons - independence so not a lap pet
I received rooster and two hens as day old substitutes from MyPetChicken.com in July. They were hardy, healthy, and feathered early. I enjoyed discovering the heritage and what to expect from this site. Like them so much that will try to hatch some and promote them locally. My coop was built for 7 or 8 and since 6 are larger breeds, the compines have fit in fine. They love tree branches for perching in the run. Their roost is high and they took to it with eagerness. Starter crumbles were changed to feather fix in mid molt this fall, then in a month or so they started laying. I mixed the last of the starter crumbles with layer pellets and the compines did the texture change without a pause. Laying started in time for Thanksgiving. They lay a 2" white egg weighing about 1 oz. Every morning by 10:30 !
"A DELIGHTFUL breed!"
Pros - Gorgeous, friendly, chatty, intelligent, great layers of surprisingly large white eggs, adorable, and amazingly personable birds.
Cons - Their small size allows them the ability to fly over fences, no matter how tall.
My Alex is positively the most fun and loveable girl, and has gained a very special place in my heart. Her quirky personality endears her to everyone; it's amazing that such a tiny chicken can make an impact. Campines are one of those breeds that serves many purposes: not only are they great layers who will provide you with lovely white eggs, but they're beautiful, and they have comical dispositions to tie it all together. I would recommend the breed to anyone who is looking for an ideal pet.
"Good Layer, Fun to Watch"
Pros - funny, entertaining, good layer
Cons - skittish, talkative, energetic, flyer
We have a Golden Campine hen who is the comedy relief in our coop. She has always been skittish around the other hens and around us. She loves to talk, talk, talk, and talk some more. She allows us to hold her, and she's not extremely averse to attention. However, she would much rather not be held or caught, and she is very fast and can fly more than most of the other chickens. She was a good layer; she's starting to slack off now that she's reaching 5 or 6 years. I would definitely get this breed again, they are hilarious to sit in the coop and watch.