Dominique

Average User Rating:
4.39683/5,
  • Breed Purpose:
    Dual Purpose
    Comb:
    Rose
    Broodiness:
    Average
    Climate Tolerance:
    All Climates
    Egg Productivity:
    Medium
    Egg Size:
    Medium
    Egg Color:
    Brown
    Breed Temperament:
    Friendly, Easily handled, Calm, Bears confinement well, Quiet, Docile
    Breed Colors/Varieties:
    Correct Dominique barring is not quite black on not quite white, and the bars are staggered, rather than the parallel and sharply contrasting black and white barring of the Barred Rock.
    Breed Size:
    Large Fowl
    70b226a4_munin713.jpeg

    The Dominique also known as Dominicker or Pilgrim Fowl, originated in the USA during the colonial period. It is considered America's oldest breed of chicken, likely descending from chickens brought to New England from southern England during colonial times. By the 19th century, they were very popular and were raised in many parts of the country. Dominiques are a dual purpose breed, being valued for their table bird qualities as well as for their brown eggs. In earlier times, their feathers were much sought after as stuffing for pillows and mattresses.

    After the Plymouth Rock breed was developed from the Dominiques in the 1870s, the Dominiques' popularity declined, and by the 1950 they were so rare, they were considered nearly extinct. During the 1970s, Dominiques were listed in "Critical" status with fewer than 500 breeding birds in North America. However, due to a revival of interest in them and other rare breeds, the Dominiques have made a comeback and are now listed on the "Watch" list, indicating lesser danger of extinction.

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    Dominique eggs

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    Dominique chics

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    Dominique juvenile

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    Dominique hen

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    Dominique rooster

    To learn more about this breed and their owners' and breeders' experiences with them, see our breed discussion here: https://www.backyardchickens.com/threads/chicken-breed-focus-dominique.1103078/
  • 70b226a4_munin713.jpeg 0f7fabd2_dominique-341-846366.jpeg 1d8cf12e_dominique-341-193017.jpeg 7deea8d5_5914186988_b6971bddc6_z.jpeg 6eab8fdb_6067745758_9a0f9113f4_z.jpeg a57b8040_6204604029_375c251212_z.jpeg fe3cb566_6864170877_2fc7e5f716_z.jpeg 26386332_DominiqueSide.jpeg 5b65ee37_dominique-341-510685.jpeg 08aef72b_100_2491.jpeg b3e83d29_IMG_20120716_190253.jpeg 33f045fd_IMG_20120627_142726.jpeg 8027e29d_tinylight3.jpeg 7a834083_noname.jpeg 608532ac_freyas3.jpeg 5438583a_magrat.jpeg a5e0cf16_dom4.jpeg 60291a7c_vnspullet.jpeg 15df0266_6.27.13.DominiquesAtPlay004.jpeg ecc223d3_6.27.13.DominiquesAtPlay008.jpeg 10bbd1d2_IMG_0996.jpeg 37ad3398_IMG_0998.jpeg 700.jpg

  • Chicken Breed Info:
    Breed Purpose:
    Dual Purpose
    Comb: Rose
    Broodiness: Average
    Climate Tolerance: All Climates

    General Egg Info:
    Egg Productivity:
    High
    Egg Size: Medium
    Egg Color: Brown

    Breed Temperament:
    Friendly,Easily handled,Calm,Bears confinement well,Quiet,Docile

    Breed Colors / Varieties:
    Correct Dominique barring is not quite black on not quite white, and the bars are staggered, rather than the parallel and sharply contrasting black and white barring of the Barred Rock.
    Breed Details:
    STANDARD
    The Standard of Perfection lists the standard weight of a Dominique cock is 7 lbs, while the standard weight of a hen is 5-5.5 lbs.
    Both sexes should have a medium sized head, neck carried well up, with a short, stout beak. A rose comb should be compact, firm and straight on the head, free from hollows, and ending in an upward curving spike. The neck should be of medium length, gracefully arched, and the back should be of medium length and breadth, rising with a concave sweep to the tail. The tail of the cock should be carried at 40 degrees from the horizontal. Full, round and prominent breast, moderately long thighs, with shanks fine in bone and medium length toes. Shanks and toes should be yellow in color and free from feathers and stubs.
    The Large Fowl Dominique falls under the American class, while the Bantam variety is in the Comb Clean Leg (RCCL) class.
    Dominique chicks are sex linked, which makes it much easier for breeders to sex their chicks as soon as they hatch. A cockerel chick has a light and scattered spot of yellow on the top of the head, while the head spot of a pullet chicks is more compact and solid. Also, the shanks & feet of a pullet chick is darker and much more shadowed than that of a cockerel chick.
    STATUS
    Currently, the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy lists the Dominique as being on "Watch" status. They have enjoyed a resurgence of popularity and their numbers are slowly climbing. Dominiques have the honor of being one of the breeds listed on the Slow Food USA Ark of Taste.

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    Rooster
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    Hen
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    Egg
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    Chick
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    Adolescent
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Recent User Reviews

  1. Gillybean05
    5/5,
    "Dominique"
    Pros - Tame, loving, kind, sweet, and pretty feather patterns
    Cons - None that I can think of off the top of my head
    Dominiques. They're gorgeous. Their feather pattern is white and black, making a beautiful chicken. Don't forget the chicks, though! They have little white caps on their heads until they grow in their adult feathers, and it is adorable! Everyone should get a Dominique, for eggs and beauty.
    Sylvester017 and BlackHackle like this.
  2. Sdominique
    5/5,
    "True Heritage Breed"
    Pros - Quiet, calm, takes the cold and heat very well. Good foragers. Roosters are very attentive to their hens.
    Cons - Doesn't lay as many eggs as I'd like.
    These chickens take me back in time to my childhood on my grandparents farm. Grandma always had Dominiques in her flock. They're beautiful birds with a wonderful disposition. Love em.
    BlackHackle likes this.
  3. Chickassan
    5/5,
    "I think mine's broken.:)"
    Pros - Great forager, people freindly, dependable layer.
    Cons - Can be bossy with other chickens.
    I'm the lucky owner of one dominique hen and I absolutely adore her. Personal experience as soon as I intergrated her she flogged the rooster and beat up the lead hen " dominique was still a pullet". She quickly took over lead postion amonst the hens. I had no issues at all with her as she behaved like she had known me forever the first day I got her. I've had her a year come August and she's laid a medium sized brown egg nearly every day with no issues. My little hen actively hunts squirrels and other things she probably shouldn't but that's just her. She's vocal and absolutely beautiful, even with all the quirks I'd highly recommend this breed. 20180215_162609.jpg 20180215_161456.jpg 20171003_142210.jpg 20170828_173812.jpg 20171026_141845.jpg
    Purchase Price:
    She was free
    Purchase Date:
    Aug 18, 2007

User Comments

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  1. Dottie Ferrell
    Love your comments. We have only 4 chickens and one is a Dom. She is my husbands favorite and is certainly a charmer. She also pecks shoes if you aren't turning the garden dirt over fast enough so she can swipe worms....but the B O's do that too. The Dom, however, is the first to get into trouble and show the others how to follow her into it. If they decide to leave the yard to visit neighbors---it is she who is the instigator. This is so fun to read others' comments.
    1. Secondof9
      I love your post!! You've described my Dom hen perfectly! She is also the most vocal of my 4 hens, first to the treats, the best flier (and escapist), was the first to lay and gives me an egg almost every day. Big personality in this one.
      Secondof9, Nov 1, 2018
  2. Circle W Farms
    Dominiques are great but in my experience they mature a little slower than RIR.
      NightingaleJen and The Angry Hen like this.
  3. Turk Raphael
    May I put it another way? The Barred Rock is similar to the Dominique breed since the doms were here first. I actually like the B. Rocks but they wouldn't make a pin feather on a Dominique's "Pope's Nose". LOLOLOL

    I have 50 Doms coming again, to arrive on 9/23/16 and I'm worse than an excited kid.

    I had better check..they might be being shipped on that date.....jajajajajajajaja
      Happychi2019 and VHoff like this.
  4. trufadog
    We love our Trixie and Bernadette. Trixie somehow is smaller than all of our other chickens, even Bernadette. They are the last to learn or do something in our flock. Very sweet!
      BlackHackle likes this.
  5. LittleWillowFarm
    Doms are my life, Just putting that out there
      Ghosty likes this.
  6. NapaChicknGal
    None of mine are "cuddly." But I have 3 since March and they let me pet them and they suffer my closeness. The Easter egger kinda follows me around -- my FIRST egg layer; not sure I want cuddly chickens; like having them comfortable w/my presence tho' and not run the other way. Then I got a pr of leghorns in May and they keep getting out even after I cut wings--and they tolerate me as well; then an Olive Egger & barred rock and they're skittish -- had for a month plus--now I have the two marans and they're bigger than last two and they're two peas in a pod but I've only had them a few days. I am such a rookie--and they are a TON of work but very entertaining and tho' I'm 75 I'm enjoying the enrichment of animal husbandry in my dotage and hope I can continue raising these colorful girls.
    Good luck!!
      GreatGranny likes this.
  7. The Yakima Kid
    We call ours our "pants chickens" because they will grab our pants legs in order to get attention and treats. If I am sitting outside, I will find all of the Dominiques hanging around behind me, just out of my line of sight. Invariably. one will wind up in front of me and scratch away in hopes I will take the hint and bring out a treat - and if that doesn't work, she'll grab my pants leg.

    They also like to tell me all about their day.
      VHoff likes this.
  8. The Yakima Kid
    Dominiques were apparently a land race that resulted from everything dumped in a colonial chicken yard. It would be very hard to figure it out - but we do know that both the Dutch and the English immigrants came from countries that had fowl with pretty rose combs with a plume on the end. Until the mid-19th Century, they were found with both blade and rose combs, and ranged larger in size.

    A poultry show redefined them as a medium sized rose combed birds, moving the blade comb and larger birds out of the breed. Shortly after that, a number of breeders discovered that they had mistakenly believed that their flocks of large, blade combed birds were really Barred Rocks, and folded them into the Plymouth Rock breed.

    Some believe that Upham, one of the founders of the Plymouth Rock, put undue pressure on the show committee to redefine Dominiques in order to improve his market position and reputation as a breeder.
      VHoff likes this.
  9. The Yakima Kid
    Actually, Barred Rocks look like Dominiques - not the other way around. It seems that Barred Rocks were a cross of assorted breeds - including Javas and Dominiques.
      VHoff likes this.
  10. hellbender
    Let me just throw this in...I really like the Dom breed of chickens but they are not for me. My point in commenting is to raise an issue with the color of the bird being 'camouflage'. That is a myth because the color of the bird has little to do with it's abilities to avoid predators but rather their abilities to recognize the presence of predators and ability to fly, run or hide in whatever cover might be handy.

    There will be some who try to debunk my assertions but I rest upon my families' seven decades of poultry raising and I have personally witnessed just about every kind of predator attack ....multiple times.

    Still...in my opinion, the Dom is a great bird and if I didn't have my own favorites, I would strongly consider them!
      VHoff likes this.

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