Leghorn

Average User Rating:
4.12575/5,
  • Breed Purpose:
    Egg Layer
    Comb:
    Single
    Broodiness:
    Seldom
    Climate Tolerance:
    All Climates
    Egg Productivity:
    High
    Egg Size:
    Large
    Egg Color:
    White
    Breed Temperament:
    Friendly, Flighty, Bears confinement well, Noisy, Shy
    Breed Colors/Varieties:
    White, light brown, dark brown, black, blue, buff, Columbian, buff Columbian, barred, exchequer and silver
    Breed Size:
    Large Fowl
    APA/ABA Class:
    Mediterranean
    700.jpg

    The Leghorn appears to derive from light breeds originating in rural Tuscany, though the origins are not clear. The name Leghorn was derived from Livorno, the Tuscan port from which the first birds were exported to North America. The date of the first exports is variously reported as 1828, "about 1830" and 1852. They were initially known as "Italians" and they were first referred to as "Leghorns" in 1865.

    The Leghorn was included in the APA's Standard of Perfection in 1874, with three colours: black, white and brown (light and dark). Rose comb light and dark brown were added in 1883, and rose comb white in 1886. Single comb buff and silver followed in 1894, and red, black-tailed red, and Columbian in 1929. In 1981 rose comb black, buff, silver, and golden duckwing were also added.

    The breed was first introduced to Britain from the United States in 1870, and from there re-exported to Italy. White Leghorns that had won first prize at the 1868 New York show were imported to Britain in 1870, and brown Leghorns from 1872. Pyle Leghorns were first bred in Britain in the 1880s; gold and silver duckwings originated there a few years later, from crosses with Phoenix or Japanese Yokohama birds. Buff Leghorns were first seen in Denmark in 1885, and in England in 1888.

    A flighty breed, the Leghorn are popular today for their great egg production and also for exhibition.

    2c93eb50_leghorn-14174-867622.jpeg
    Leghorn eggs

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    Leghorn chick

    975ab189_leghorn-14174-359467.jpeg
    Leghorn juveniles

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    Leghorn hen

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    Leghorn rooster

    For more info on Leghorns and their owners' and breeders' experiences, see our breed discussion here:

    https://www.backyardchickens.com/threads/chicken-breed-focus-leghorn.1152504/
  • 5dd69c9e_leghorn-14174-445.jpeg 2c93eb50_leghorn-14174-867622.jpeg 975ab189_leghorn-14174-359467.jpeg e1de87c7_jacob11132011.jpeg c05e5413_ca_white12-28-2011.jpeg 4de40f02_IMG_7760.jpeg cbeaa7c4_IMG_0152.jpeg 323f0884_chickens002.jpeg e83bb727_chickens004.jpeg aa1ef260_leghorn-14174-916513.jpeg 46727a56_150217_4306187938227_337856641_n.jpeg 3b043a82_yes7.jpeg 1b867a85_leghorn.jpeg ab4d1d01_DSC07223.jpeg d066ef07_IMG_0258.jpeg 32690cba_WP_20150301_009.jpeg 24f69c79_WP_20150307_003.jpeg 700.jpg 7004.jpg

  • Chicken Breed Info:
    Breed Purpose:
    Egg Layer
    Comb: Single
    Broodiness: Seldom
    Climate Tolerance: All Climates

    General Egg Info:
    Egg Productivity:
    High
    Egg Size: Large
    Egg Color: White

    Breed Temperament:
    Flighty,Calm,Bears confinement well,Noisy,Shy

    Breed Colors / Varieties:
    white, light brown, dark brown, black, blue, buff, Columbian, buff Columbian, barred, exchequer and silver
    Breed Details:
    I love Leghorns! They are great layers, beautiful birds, and if raised right very friendly. Leghorns are usually very flighty and scared, but when I raised mine from day old chicks they were/are friendly and love to be held. They lay nice tasty, white eggs almost every day, they get along well with other breeds of chickens and they are very funny and full of character.

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    Rooster
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    Hen
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    Egg
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    Chick
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    Adolescent
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dmb1994, Longbeard42, nfrede and 4 others like this.

Recent User Reviews

  1. Caroline's Ladies
    5/5,
    "Active yet Fun"
    Pros - Curious, great egg layers, fun, gorgeous, soft
    Cons - More flighty
    In have 2 leghorns in my flock along with 4 ISA Browns, 3 Golden Comets and 1 Calico Princess from Hoover’s Hatchery. They are all great birds but the Leghorn needs to be handles regularly at an early age to accept human contact. They are more nervous than the red sexlinks. However, if you handle them a lot they end up being great pets and layers.

    images

    1. 2B95904F-A11A-4EB7-8C2B-E2FD7E704F44.jpeg
  2. sjpi1954
    5/5,
    "Combat Warriors..."
    Pros - My Girls have survived heat exhaustion, dehydration, chronic stress, hypothermia, and English Phrase Lessons involving 'Who's Your Daddy?'...
    Cons - The English Phrase Lessons are not going well...
    12 Leghorn Chicks that can survive the 1,000 mile journey from Judd, Iowa, to Pensacola, FL deserve a Medal...I have split the Girls between two Laundry Baskets at 6 apiece. So far so good... The heater goes on during the Night and off during the day. They eat like cannibals and drink like sailors...didn't see that coming. Ordered 10, they shipped 12, and the law in Escambia County says 8 max and one Rooster allowed. 8 Max... Time will tell... JP IMG_1236.JPG
    Purchase Price:
    $35 for 10. 12 arrived...
    Purchase Date:
    10 May 2018
    Cult-of-Trajan likes this.
  3. Compost King
    5/5,
    "Not for everybody, perfect for me"
    Pros - Egg laying machines, scratch up my compost piles completely, leave me alone when I leave them alone. Forage well and do well when confined. Eat very little feed even when confined. You can over crowd them and they still do well.
    Cons - Not Friendly, superb escape artists, can fly over 7'6" fences but 8 feet will contain them. Not good as a pet. Noisy when laying eggs.
    They are not for everyone, but all their negatives seem to do well with me. They were the first chickens I ever had and I have yet to find a breed I like better. Large eggs from birds that eat so little. I had issues containing them at first but bird netting solved that. I did notice that they can get very friendly when you are lifting up things with bugs and worms under them. I move nursery pots every day and when I do the Leghorns suddenly because my best friends. When I am doing other chores they stay out of my way which I really like.
    sjpi1954 likes this.

User Comments

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  1. Chook to chook
    Big beautiful stark white eggs. Can count on her laying like clockwork. Phenomenal forager and super alert. One of the first to respond when we call and put herself to roost at night. She doesn't love being handled but is a sport and very quiet and gentle. Bright bird. We enjoy having this reliable bird around.
  2. Nathaniel Walton
    my 2 white leghorns are nearly 3 and have probably laid 360 eggs every year! putting the other 25 hens to shame!
  3. Hedgewitch
    In the picture with this article, of juveniles, am I right in thinking that the one with the small pink comb is a hen and the one with the bigger, redder comb a young cockerel. I've 9 juveniles, about 3 months old now and have some of both but would like to sort the males out before they start to upset the neighbours - my present neighbours OK but they've just sold their house!
  4. DownwardDog
    For those with friendlier Leghorns, are they White or Brown? I'm trying to figure out which to order from Cackle hatchery.
  5. Nutmeg15
    My Leghorns are something else! They are very active and LOVE to wind themselves around my feet when I am out in the run with them. I like to call them my little velociraptors because they remind me of small dinosaurs--very quick and always ready to jump up at me for treats!
      ChristmasRibo likes this.
  6. Pacific Beach Ed
    Would a leghorn rooster be good with a mixed flock of hens? ED
      Thomas Lamprogiorgos likes this.
    1. Thomas Lamprogiorgos
      Excellent choice. The brown ones are the most beautiful roosters.
      Thomas Lamprogiorgos, Jan 5, 2018
  7. babychicks7
    i have leghorns they dont mind confindment great layers eggs very large many double yokes and do go in at night whth out any problems
      Better Than Rubies likes this.
  8. robinSnest63
    My 2 girls was the 1st to start laying out of all 8 of my chickens...very friendly...love my chickens
      Better Than Rubies likes this.
    1. Tiwanda
      How old were your leghorns when they started laying?
      Tiwanda, Nov 16, 2017
      Better Than Rubies likes this.
  9. Brawley Leigh
    I only have 2 dark brown leghorns but they are VERY friendly, following me around like puppies. They have to be right there investigating when I work in the garden. They come running when they hear the back door open. Easy to catch but really do not like being held...I'm working on that. They put themselves to bed in the coop each night around 7:30, all I have to do is go lock them in. These girls are only 14.5 weeks so have not started to lay yet and I'm looking forward to that time. Possibly only having 2 and hand feeding treats is why they come running but so far I'm very happy with their personalities. Have to add however that when I zip out the back door to retrieve something very quickly they beat me inside almost every time...even when they weren't on the porch when I went out...stinkers!! Oh, and the LOVE Greek yogurt, plain variety.
      Itty Biddy Barn likes this.
    1. Itty Biddy Barn
      I have one black leghorn. She is BY FAR the friendliest girl I have. I've had her 2 days and she's already following me around. Also, she's very protective over the 4 Orpington's I have. They're much smaller than her & the 3 RI Red's I have. The RIR's are bullies and pick on the smaller birds incessantly, so the leghorn will stand between like a mediator. *giggle*
      Itty Biddy Barn, Aug 13, 2017
      Brawley Leigh likes this.
  10. TheCochinMomma
    Lol my white leghorn is the bravest of all my hen's!
      Itty Biddy Barn likes this.

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