Average User Rating:
  • Breed Purpose:
    Egg Layer
    Climate Tolerance:
    All Climates
    Egg Productivity:
    Egg Size:
    Egg Color:
    Breed Temperament:
    Friendly, Flighty, Bears confinement well, Noisy, Shy
    Breed Colors/Varieties:
    White, light brown, dark brown, black, blue, buff, Columbian, buff Columbian, barred, exchequer and silver
    Breed Size:
    Large Fowl
    APA/ABA Class:

    The Leghorn appears to derive from light breeds originating in rural Tuscany, though the origins are not clear. The name Leghorn was derived from Livorno, the Tuscan port from which the first birds were exported to North America. The date of the first exports is variously reported as 1828, "about 1830" and 1852. They were initially known as "Italians" and they were first referred to as "Leghorns" in 1865.

    The Leghorn was included in the APA's Standard of Perfection in 1874, with three colours: black, white and brown (light and dark). Rose comb light and dark brown were added in 1883, and rose comb white in 1886. Single comb buff and silver followed in 1894, and red, black-tailed red, and Columbian in 1929. In 1981 rose comb black, buff, silver, and golden duckwing were also added.

    The breed was first introduced to Britain from the United States in 1870, and from there re-exported to Italy. White Leghorns that had won first prize at the 1868 New York show were imported to Britain in 1870, and brown Leghorns from 1872. Pyle Leghorns were first bred in Britain in the 1880s; gold and silver duckwings originated there a few years later, from crosses with Phoenix or Japanese Yokohama birds. Buff Leghorns were first seen in Denmark in 1885, and in England in 1888.

    A flighty breed, the Leghorn are popular today for their great egg production and also for exhibition.

    Leghorn eggs

    Leghorn chick

    Leghorn juveniles

    Leghorn hen

    Leghorn rooster

    For more info on Leghorns and their owners' and breeders' experiences, see our breed discussion here:

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  • Chicken Breed Info:
    Breed Purpose:
    Egg Layer
    Comb: Single
    Broodiness: Seldom
    Climate Tolerance: All Climates

    General Egg Info:
    Egg Productivity:
    Egg Size: Large
    Egg Color: White

    Breed Temperament:
    Flighty,Calm,Bears confinement well,Noisy,Shy

    Breed Colors / Varieties:
    white, light brown, dark brown, black, blue, buff, Columbian, buff Columbian, barred, exchequer and silver
    Breed Details:
    I love Leghorns! They are great layers, beautiful birds, and if raised right very friendly. Leghorns are usually very flighty and scared, but when I raised mine from day old chicks they were/are friendly and love to be held. They lay nice tasty, white eggs almost every day, they get along well with other breeds of chickens and they are very funny and full of character.







Recent User Reviews

  1. Acre4Me
    "Dark Brown Leghorn"
    Pros - Flighty, active, energetic
    Cons - sloooooow to lay, flighty.
    We purchased 5 straight run Dark Brown Leghorns from a small hatchery. Two turned out to be very handsome males....but they were loud, crowing all the time! They were culled from our flock around 16 weeks old. The females were slowest to lay of all 6 breeds we purchased at same time. The first to lay did so around 38 weeks old. The next began to lay at around 46 weeks old. Maybe because daylight was waning, but we had supplemental light and all other breeds began to lay between 18-26 weeks old. Eggs were white, strong, well formed, but only around medium sized. Pullets, while flighty, had a generally docile disposition. Overall, we didn't care for this breed as much as some others, and sold them to make room for other breeds. Screen Shot 2019-01-08 at 11.09.54 AM.png Screen Shot 2019-01-08 at 11.10.27 AM.png Screen Shot 2019-01-08 at 11.11.05 AM.png Screen Shot 2019-01-08 at 11.01.14 AM.png
    Purchase Price:
    $2.12 per chick/ straight run
    Purchase Date:
    Feb 28, 2018
  2. Alexandra33
    "Much better than expected!"
    Pros - Pretty, proficient layers, active, predator resistant, interactive, good free-rangers.
    Cons - None so far.
    After many descriptions of the breed claimed Leghorns are flighty, I decided strongly against trying them. But lo and behold, we ended up with four this February! :rolleyes: Might I add that I'm highly impressed? That squad of white (or dingy brown, since nothing stays snow white around here :lol:) hens wins hearts easily with their tendency to greet each day with vigor, get into everything, and even allow themselves to be picked up for snuggles. Flighty, my foot! Alert, yes, but far from unfriendly. Looking forward to expanding our Leghorn collection in the future!
  3. Ursula09
    "I love Leghorn chickens."
    I love white chickens.
    Purchase Price:
    Purchase Date:
    June 26, 2018

User Comments

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  1. Moezass
    I need some advice. I have 6 leghorns and 1 silky. They eat about 50 lbs of food every 2 weeks and they are as fat as can be. The don't really perch and when I let them out of their run to play in the yard, they sit and forage with their beaks. Not sure if I should put them on a diet or what. They eat fresh fruits, vege's, grains, etc. I have not fed them table scraps at all but due to all the rain in the Northeast these past few months, they stay inside and just eat all day. It's my first time having chickens and I want to make sure that I'm doing it right. Any suggestions would help greatly! Thanks everyone.
    1. Timothy Menezes
      Those can't be Leghorns, thinking you got white Cornish meat birds by mistake. That behavior is exactly how a white Cornish acts.
      Timothy Menezes, Nov 13, 2018
  2. Fostersman
    Received one as a bonus gift with some Brahms I ordered. She’s a little girl but I tell you what, she never fails to lay an egg. She’s my only white egg layer so it’s easy to see her egg. Great forager, she always looks to be busy, good little bird, we call her Sargent Whitey.
  3. proudmommie31
    I have had both the white and the light brown. First the white which, while more shy, they didn't seem to easily startle or act crazy. They laid excellent. This time we have light browns and while they are too young yet to lay they drive me nuts! So flighty and they get all the others riled up. I'll skip them next time.
  4. ShellyBlanco
      Thomas Lamprogiorgos likes this.
    1. Thomas Lamprogiorgos
      Never do wing clipping again.
      It may be very dangerous for parasites and mites.
      Thomas Lamprogiorgos, Sep 28, 2018
  5. Chook to chook
    Big beautiful stark white eggs. Can count on her laying like clockwork. Phenomenal forager and super alert. One of the first to respond when we call and put herself to roost at night. She doesn't love being handled but is a sport and very quiet and gentle. Bright bird. We enjoy having this reliable bird around.
  6. Nathaniel Walton
    my 2 white leghorns are nearly 3 and have probably laid 360 eggs every year! putting the other 25 hens to shame!
      Serenity4Angel likes this.
  7. Hedgewitch
    In the picture with this article, of juveniles, am I right in thinking that the one with the small pink comb is a hen and the one with the bigger, redder comb a young cockerel. I've 9 juveniles, about 3 months old now and have some of both but would like to sort the males out before they start to upset the neighbours - my present neighbours OK but they've just sold their house!
  8. DownwardDog
    For those with friendlier Leghorns, are they White or Brown? I'm trying to figure out which to order from Cackle hatchery.
  9. Nutmeg15
    My Leghorns are something else! They are very active and LOVE to wind themselves around my feet when I am out in the run with them. I like to call them my little velociraptors because they remind me of small dinosaurs--very quick and always ready to jump up at me for treats!
      Serenity4Angel and ChristmasRibo like this.
  10. Pacific Beach Ed
    Would a leghorn rooster be good with a mixed flock of hens? ED
      Thomas Lamprogiorgos likes this.
    1. View previous replies...
    2. Thomas Lamprogiorgos
      But, which is your purpose?
      Thomas Lamprogiorgos, Sep 28, 2018
    3. ShellyBlanco
      We have 2 Brown Leghorn pullets with 10 RIR pullets (all laying). It took a while for the Leghorns to be accepted into the flock, but they pushed their way in and are doing great.
      ShellyBlanco, Oct 27, 2018
      Thomas Lamprogiorgos likes this.
    4. Thomas Lamprogiorgos
      RIR are extremely aggressive and bossy towards other chickens and especially towards newcomers.
      Thomas Lamprogiorgos, Oct 28, 2018

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