Average User Rating:
  • Breed Purpose:
    Egg Layer
    Climate Tolerance:
    All Climates
    Egg Productivity:
    Egg Size:
    Egg Color:
    Breed Temperament:
    Friendly, Flighty, Bears confinement well, Noisy, Shy
    Breed Colors/Varieties:
    White, light brown, dark brown, black, blue, buff, Columbian, buff Columbian, barred, exchequer and silver
    Breed Size:
    Large Fowl
    APA/ABA Class:

    The Leghorn appears to derive from light breeds originating in rural Tuscany, though the origins are not clear. The name Leghorn was derived from Livorno, the Tuscan port from which the first birds were exported to North America. The date of the first exports is variously reported as 1828, "about 1830" and 1852. They were initially known as "Italians" and they were first referred to as "Leghorns" in 1865.

    The Leghorn was included in the APA's Standard of Perfection in 1874, with three colours: black, white and brown (light and dark). Rose comb light and dark brown were added in 1883, and rose comb white in 1886. Single comb buff and silver followed in 1894, and red, black-tailed red, and Columbian in 1929. In 1981 rose comb black, buff, silver, and golden duckwing were also added.

    The breed was first introduced to Britain from the United States in 1870, and from there re-exported to Italy. White Leghorns that had won first prize at the 1868 New York show were imported to Britain in 1870, and brown Leghorns from 1872. Pyle Leghorns were first bred in Britain in the 1880s; gold and silver duckwings originated there a few years later, from crosses with Phoenix or Japanese Yokohama birds. Buff Leghorns were first seen in Denmark in 1885, and in England in 1888.

    A flighty breed, the Leghorn are popular today for their great egg production and also for exhibition.

    Leghorn eggs

    Leghorn chick

    Leghorn juveniles

    Leghorn hen

    Leghorn rooster

    For more info on Leghorns and their owners' and breeders' experiences, see our breed discussion here:

  • 5dd69c9e_leghorn-14174-445.jpeg 2c93eb50_leghorn-14174-867622.jpeg 975ab189_leghorn-14174-359467.jpeg e1de87c7_jacob11132011.jpeg c05e5413_ca_white12-28-2011.jpeg 4de40f02_IMG_7760.jpeg cbeaa7c4_IMG_0152.jpeg 323f0884_chickens002.jpeg e83bb727_chickens004.jpeg aa1ef260_leghorn-14174-916513.jpeg 46727a56_150217_4306187938227_337856641_n.jpeg 3b043a82_yes7.jpeg 1b867a85_leghorn.jpeg ab4d1d01_DSC07223.jpeg d066ef07_IMG_0258.jpeg 32690cba_WP_20150301_009.jpeg 24f69c79_WP_20150307_003.jpeg 700.jpg 7004.jpg

  • Chicken Breed Info:
    Breed Purpose:
    Egg Layer
    Comb: Single
    Broodiness: Seldom
    Climate Tolerance: All Climates

    General Egg Info:
    Egg Productivity:
    Egg Size: Large
    Egg Color: White

    Breed Temperament:
    Flighty,Calm,Bears confinement well,Noisy,Shy

    Breed Colors / Varieties:
    white, light brown, dark brown, black, blue, buff, Columbian, buff Columbian, barred, exchequer and silver
    Breed Details:
    I love Leghorns! They are great layers, beautiful birds, and if raised right very friendly. Leghorns are usually very flighty and scared, but when I raised mine from day old chicks they were/are friendly and love to be held. They lay nice tasty, white eggs almost every day, they get along well with other breeds of chickens and they are very funny and full of character.







Recent User Reviews

  1. Chickenbrainiac
    "Great bird to own!"
    Pros - Big egg layers
    Cons - mischievous
    I find that white leghorn hen are not very loud,their eggs are very big and they come very often, they are very flighty and hard to catch though. I do think that their combs are a small bit of trouble during cold winters as they get a bit of frost bite sometimes but that can be stopped with a bit of Vaseline
    Purchase Price:
    Purchase Date:
  2. lutherpug
    "Can't beat them for production"
    Pros - Egg layers
    Cons - Flighty and skittish
  3. Alan-s-poultry
    "Lovey, striking looking birds"
    Pros - Great layers, full of personality, make a lovely cross breed
    Cons - Nervous, loud
    whiterocker likes this.

User Comments

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  1. couponsaver47
    I can see my work is cut out for me, as I just bought 71.. All skittish as hell! GL to all who raise these. I'm not sure myself but if they are good egg layers, I'll find a way,
  2. Pastors Chicks
    Two years ago we bought a batch of White Leghorns and Brown Leghorns. The white ones are pretty skiddish, most of them run away when we go in the chicken run. The brown ones are absolute freaks! They run, fly, dart, jet, as soon as we open the door and start walking across the yard. The only way I even get to hold them to clip their wings is at night in the coop, but when I walk in they all hit the floor and run around like they are on fire, lol. They all have been a pain. Most of them refuse to lay in the nesting boxes, and they have been eating their eggs as of late, so they have replacements growing in the other coop and as soon as we start getting eggs, they are gone!

    The good thing about Leghorns is they are good layers AND they are so skinny they hardly need much food.
  3. whiterocker
    I agree. I no longer have my 2 white leghorns, but I miss them! Smart, interest, sweet, funny and friendly!
  4. Moezass
    I need some advice. I have 6 leghorns and 1 silky. They eat about 50 lbs of food every 2 weeks and they are as fat as can be. The don't really perch and when I let them out of their run to play in the yard, they sit and forage with their beaks. Not sure if I should put them on a diet or what. They eat fresh fruits, vege's, grains, etc. I have not fed them table scraps at all but due to all the rain in the Northeast these past few months, they stay inside and just eat all day. It's my first time having chickens and I want to make sure that I'm doing it right. Any suggestions would help greatly! Thanks everyone.
    1. Timothy Menezes
      Those can't be Leghorns, thinking you got white Cornish meat birds by mistake. That behavior is exactly how a white Cornish acts.
      Timothy Menezes, Nov 13, 2018
      Pastors Chicks likes this.
  5. Fostersman
    Received one as a bonus gift with some Brahms I ordered. She’s a little girl but I tell you what, she never fails to lay an egg. She’s my only white egg layer so it’s easy to see her egg. Great forager, she always looks to be busy, good little bird, we call her Sargent Whitey.
  6. proudmommie31
    I have had both the white and the light brown. First the white which, while more shy, they didn't seem to easily startle or act crazy. They laid excellent. This time we have light browns and while they are too young yet to lay they drive me nuts! So flighty and they get all the others riled up. I'll skip them next time.
  7. ShellyBlanco
      D-Bar-B and Thomas Lamprogiorgos like this.
    1. Thomas Lamprogiorgos
      Never do wing clipping again.
      It may be very dangerous for parasites and mites.
      Thomas Lamprogiorgos, Sep 28, 2018
  8. Chook to chook
    Big beautiful stark white eggs. Can count on her laying like clockwork. Phenomenal forager and super alert. One of the first to respond when we call and put herself to roost at night. She doesn't love being handled but is a sport and very quiet and gentle. Bright bird. We enjoy having this reliable bird around.
  9. Nathaniel Walton
    my 2 white leghorns are nearly 3 and have probably laid 360 eggs every year! putting the other 25 hens to shame!
      Serenity4Angel likes this.
  10. Hedgewitch
    In the picture with this article, of juveniles, am I right in thinking that the one with the small pink comb is a hen and the one with the bigger, redder comb a young cockerel. I've 9 juveniles, about 3 months old now and have some of both but would like to sort the males out before they start to upset the neighbours - my present neighbours OK but they've just sold their house!

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