Pearl guinea fowl are related to other game birds including pheasants, turkeys, and partridges. They were domesticated from the helmeted guineafowl found
Their eggs are thick shelled and harder to break than most chicken eggs. Pearl guinea fowl are valued as natural pest controllers. Many people raise them to help control the deer tick, which is a carrier of lyme disease. Their diet consists of various insects, including ticks, wasps, bees, grasshoppers and many other garden and lawn pests. They also eat a variety of seeds, grasses and grains. They will also eat chicken feed when offered, and are often fed a game bird feed. Only female guineafowl can make the two- note call that sounds like "buck-wheat". Both male and female guineas can make the single note call. Males will also have larger wattles than a female, but it's often difficult to tell the gender of the bird by looking at the wattles. They are often kept with other fowl because of their high alertness and awareness. They are flock birds and are very social. They do better when kept in a moderate to large size flock than they do on their own. Adult pearl guinea fowl are very hardy. Pearl guineas are great lookouts and are often the first to spot a predator. When they sound the alarm they are very noisy and everyone close by will hear it. When they feel threatened, they will form a tight group and stick together. Sometimes they will follow and harass whatever they feel is a threat. My pearl guinea fowl have saved my flock three times from hawks by letting us know with their loud, harsh calls. The incubation period for guinea fowl is 26-28 days. Young guineas should be kept dry and warm.
Pros - eats: ticks, bugs, snakes, mice, and weeds. Feathers are pretty.
Cons - You have to have a large yard for free ranging, noisy, small eggs, not the friendliest.
I'm going to be honest. Guineas are not for anyone. Most of the time, guineas are antisocial, noisy jerks. If you handle them from keets, though, you can get them to let you hold and play with them. They are noisy and will NOT shut up, so I suggest a coop not attached to your house. Also, the neighbors might object to the noisiness... However, if you live in the country, with lots of pests, the guineas will be perfect. They will kill snakes and mice as well as ticks and other pests. Some people think they're the ugliest things on the face of the planet, but to a guinea person, they are adorable. They are fun to watch when they run around the yard in a little flock. They are FAST!!! I use their feathers for projects, like making Christmas ornaments. Not city birds, but I think they are great. If you're not a guinea person, though, they can be annoying and obnoxious. Gotta love em, though!
Pros - Eats lots of bugs, ornamental, interesting to watch, eggs.
Cons - Very wild if not trained well, not very bright, loud, aggresive towards other poultry, overall annoying.
Guineas are very unique, I think they look very cool, but some people may think they are some mutated mini turkey. All jokes aside when it comes to insect pests, they are machines, like a bug vacuum. Things to keep in mind: They may attack any animal not considered guinea friends (can likely result in death, they are strong), they stick a bit more than chickens but its manageable, they are very loud especially during warmer seasons, they love to nest outside the coop, any disturbance may trigger a ear blistering wave of screeching, and they are very flighty. We have 6 guineas, I never had the time to tame them but they still let me get within 2-3 feet without running away. They are very dumb at times but they may surprise you, mine cannot usually get over a 2 foot obstacle without yanking at it and screeching, instead of flying over it, they can easily clear 200 feet no sweat. My guineas were raised alongside my chickens but they turned on everyone of the chickens except the rooster. Guineas can be surprisingly vicious, they have tried to kill my chickens on multiple occasions, and when I pick up some of the guineas they scratch and peck at me. If I were to start over I would set aside more time to tame them, raise them only after my chickens are mature (so the chickens can defend themselves, they were small when the attacks started), and have more of them so they would feel safer separating. Final words, do not get guineas if you have anger issues, have neighbors within 250 yards, live close to a road, or enjoy peace throughout the day. Other than that they are decent birds and are very wild at times.
Cons - They hog the glider swing, they stand at the door and want to come in all the time.
I have 2 pearl guineas and I love them. They are much tamer then my ducks and chickens. They love to sit on your lap and get a good back rub. I have a fenced in yard and knock on wood they haven't flown over the fence one time. I do keep their wings clipped, we live in the city. They are noisey but I like their voices.
They go into the chicken coop every night and I don't have a problem with getting them inside. I would highly reccommend them to a friend.