Pearl Guinea

Average User Rating:
  • Breed Colors/Varieties:
    Grey with small white dots
    Breed Size:
    Large Fowl
    Pearl guinea fowl are related to other game birds including pheasants, turkeys, and partridges. They were domesticated from the helmeted guineafowl found
    in Africa.
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  • Breed Details:
    Their eggs are thick shelled and harder to break than most chicken eggs. Pearl guinea fowl are valued as natural pest controllers. Many people raise them to help control the deer tick, which is a carrier of lyme disease. Their diet consists of various insects, including ticks, wasps, bees, grasshoppers and many other garden and lawn pests. They also eat a variety of seeds, grasses and grains. They will also eat chicken feed when offered, and are often fed a game bird feed. Only female guineafowl can make the two- note call that sounds like "buck-wheat". Both male and female guineas can make the single note call. Males will also have larger wattles than a female, but it's often difficult to tell the gender of the bird by looking at the wattles. They are often kept with other fowl because of their high alertness and awareness. They are flock birds and are very social. They do better when kept in a moderate to large size flock than they do on their own. Adult pearl guinea fowl are very hardy. Pearl guineas are great lookouts and are often the first to spot a predator. When they sound the alarm they are very noisy and everyone close by will hear it. When they feel threatened, they will form a tight group and stick together. Sometimes they will follow and harass whatever they feel is a threat. My pearl guinea fowl have saved my flock three times from hawks by letting us know with their loud, harsh calls. The incubation period for guinea fowl is 26-28 days. Young guineas should be kept dry and warm.






cheche7349 likes this.

Recent User Reviews

  1. ThatGuyWithTheChickens
    "This is just my own experience with our two...."
    Pros - They help with tick control
    Cons - Super loud
    aggressive towards my other birds
    You remember those crisp fall mornings where you could just sit on your porch with a cup of coffee and enjoy the quiet sounds of nature?

    Well if you get guinea fowl those days are gone. These things never shut up and have the most annoying squawk I've ever heard. They just squawk and squawk all day long. Heaven forbid if they actually like you because then they follow you around every time you go outside screaming for attention, literally.

    We have two guinea fowl, 30+ chickens, and 3 ducks. The only think you ever hear when you go outside is the guineas. They are little feathered bundles of nightmare. They are also quite aggressive towards our chickens and will push them off the food bowls. The ducks seem to hold their own though.

    The only good thing I've found from Hankry and Pankry (the names given to them by my daughter) is this year is supposed to have been an incredibly bad year for ticks. If you go into our field you will get covered in ticks, but around our coop and the yard its virtually tick free. They also make fairly good predator alarms if you can ever figure out which noise is the alarm noise and which is just the plain "hey look at me" noise.

    If you happen to buy a couple of these make sure you stock up on tylenol.
  2. guinealeghorn
    "I'm a guinea lover!"
    Pros - eats: ticks, bugs, snakes, mice, and weeds. Feathers are pretty.
    Cons - You have to have a large yard for free ranging, noisy, small eggs, not the friendliest.
    I'm going to be honest. Guineas are not for anyone. Most of the time, guineas are antisocial, noisy jerks. If you handle them from keets, though, you can get them to let you hold and play with them. They are noisy and will NOT shut up, so I suggest a coop not attached to your house. Also, the neighbors might object to the noisiness...[​IMG] However, if you live in the country, with lots of pests, the guineas will be perfect. They will kill snakes and mice as well as ticks and other pests. Some people think they're the ugliest things on the face of the planet, but to a guinea person, they are adorable. They are fun to watch when they run around the yard in a little flock. They are FAST!!! I use their feathers for projects, like making Christmas ornaments. Not city birds, but I think they are great. If you're not a guinea person, though, they can be annoying and obnoxious. Gotta love em, though! [​IMG]
    dmb1994, ChiBubble22 and cheche7349 like this.
  3. Vermont Poultry
    "Not for everyone"
    Pros - Eats lots of bugs, ornamental, interesting to watch, eggs.
    Cons - Very wild if not trained well, not very bright, loud, aggresive towards other poultry, overall annoying.
    Guineas are very unique, I think they look very cool, but some people may think they are some mutated mini turkey. All jokes aside when it comes to insect pests, they are machines, like a bug vacuum. Things to keep in mind: They may attack any animal not considered guinea friends (can likely result in death, they are strong), they stick a bit more than chickens but its manageable, they are very loud especially during warmer seasons, they love to nest outside the coop, any disturbance may trigger a ear blistering wave of screeching, and they are very flighty. We have 6 guineas, I never had the time to tame them but they still let me get within 2-3 feet without running away. They are very dumb at times but they may surprise you, mine cannot usually get over a 2 foot obstacle without yanking at it and screeching, instead of flying over it, they can easily clear 200 feet no sweat. My guineas were raised alongside my chickens but they turned on everyone of the chickens except the rooster. Guineas can be surprisingly vicious, they have tried to kill my chickens on multiple occasions, and when I pick up some of the guineas they scratch and peck at me. If I were to start over I would set aside more time to tame them, raise them only after my chickens are mature (so the chickens can defend themselves, they were small when the attacks started), and have more of them so they would feel safer separating. Final words, do not get guineas if you have anger issues, have neighbors within 250 yards, live close to a road, or enjoy peace throughout the day. Other than that they are decent birds and are very wild at times.
    Purchase Date:
    GldnValleyHens likes this.

User Comments

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  1. bettyann53
    Best watch dogs ever. I just hatched 31 mixed: pearl, white and pied.
  2. indigo flats
    I have two and absolutely love them. Raise these two with my chickens they are not scared of me and come running to be close but will not let me pick them up. They noisy when other people are around but with me they are quite.
  3. pattyhen
    Thanks so much. I think they bonded with us because they didn't have any other flock members to bond with. Plus I think we got some special guineas.
  4. GlennLee
    That's a great picture of Spider and Mary Jane. I wish I had had more hands to tame my flock when they were keets so that they would have been tame like them. You are an amazing bird woman!
  5. Indyshent
    Update: I picked up two babies this spring at an RK because zoning issues were about to change in my area, and it was "now or never" on having guineas again. I really did miss the original guy, but if these two don't work out here, I have another home lined up for them in advance. I purchased these two a little younger than the first one in hopes of better socializing them (and it's worked out much better!). Had to resuscitate the smaller one yesterday because it was in the duck pool and had all its back feathers ripped out when I came home from school. Not sure what happened because the ducks really like my guineas and sleep with them all the time.

    Guineas are such neat little birds :D
  6. N F C
    I don't have guineas but enjoyed reading your review of them (I learn best through humor)! Entertaining and informative review.
  7. jacksonnotary
    Very well said and to the point and I can only confirm your experience. I love them for all the same reasons but in my family I am the only one that has warm and fuzzy feelings for them.
  8. zuluchicken
    thechxwhisperer: Beating up on your hens in an enclosed area is just natural and instinctive behaviour.

    Duluthralphie: "They will fight each other to death for no reason,". There is a reason. They are locked up and being males, they will fight for territorial space - again natural instinct..

    If you have to keep Guinea Fowl, the best way to do it is to place fertilised eggs under a hen and let she bring them up like her own chikens as part of the flock. That will help with integration but 99.9 % of the time the males will become a problem once they are fully grown and start to display their natural instinctive behaviour.
      Namrag likes this.
  9. thechxwhisperer
    zuluhen, good post! Duluthralphie, I totally understand! My males beat up my hens too. But the females are really sweet to everyone!
  10. zuluchicken
    The Guinea Fowl that you have is a game bird, indigenous to Southern Africa. There is also the Crested Guinea Fowl unique to the Kwa-Zulu Natal province on the East Coast of South Africa, a very beautiful but rare bird. There is also other species of Guinea Fowl in the rest of Africa.

    I live on a farm in the Cape Province of South Africa, about 260 km north on the east coast from Cape Town. We have hundreds of Guinea Fowl roaming free in the pastures here on the farm and around our house. This is their natural habitat. We love watching them doing their sprints up and down the slopes, herding their harems together and keeping the competators out. They feed mainly on insects and on the odd occasion on seed. One of the reasons that these birds should not be kept in captivity is because we can not provide for their natural diet.

    Various hens would lay eggs in the same nest until they think it is enough before one would start to sitting on the eggs. I have a wild Guinea Fowl nesting in my front garden. They normally start laying in early Spring (September in SA) and will lay from 15-20 eggs in a nest before they will start sitting on the eggs. They love to build their nests in the wheat, barley and canola fields that we plant. Unfortunately that leads to us sometimes cutting open the nests with the harvesters during harvest time. They will then abandon the nest because the protection is now gone. They also like to nest next to rivers or creeks in their natural habitat

    The behaviour that they display comes from their natural instinct. Guineas can not fly well and whilst they nest on the ground they sleep in trees. That is why they will forever fly up in trees because that is what they instinctively do, to protect themselves against predators at night. That is also why they are so noisy, sounding the alarm should they notice any movement. The males are fiercely territorial and will protect their hens and territory. They see chickens as intruders when kept in a coop and with nowhere to go, they will kill them. It is just natural instinct.

    This is not aimed at any person in particular, but how and why these birds ended up in your neck of the woods would be difficult to say. They are a good example of an animal that should not be kept in captivity. They have not been domesticated and "keeping" them goes against everything a Guinea Fowl will do or behave like in its natural habitat. My advice would be not to keep Guinea Fowl unless you have the space and provide for them as close as possible to their natural conditions in Africa. If you already have them, at least try and understand their behaviour.
      Moma6poms likes this.

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