Average User Rating:
  • Breed Purpose:
    Climate Tolerance:
    Egg Productivity:
    Egg Size:
    Egg Color:
    Breed Temperament:
    Friendly,Easily handled,Bears confinement well
    Breed Colors/Varieties:
    Silver,Silver Duckwing,Golden,Golden Duckwing,Black,White,Black-Breasted Red,Golden BlackBlue Gold Duckwing,Variegated, others.
    Breed Size:
    Large Fowl
    APA/ABA Class:
    Single Comb Clean Leg

    Phoenix were created in Europe by combining strains of the Japanese Onagadori with more commonly available birds, leghorns, dutch, and various games were most commonly used. There are three recognized colors by the APA: Silver, Golden, and Black-Breasted Red, although several breeders have developed many additional colors.

    A Phoenix is a long-tailed bird that will molt every 1-2 years. Their tails typically reach 2-3 feet in length, with longer lengths possible only from a few select breeders. They should have a full curtain of saddle feathers and it is desirable that they touch or reach the ground. They are not to be confused with their distant ancestors, the Onagadori, who are non-molting longtail birds who have tails exceeding 12 feet in length. There are no Onagadori currently in the US, although there are some birds of partial heritage.

    The Phoenix should have a pheasant-like appearance, white earlobes, a single comb, and slate colored legs. The tail should be carried horizontally in roosters and slightly higher in hens. Phoenix hens are good layers of small to medium sized eggs, and go broody frequently. They are an active bird with excellent flight skills, and can make a great free range bird if given proper shelter and escape routes from predators. Keeping a Phoenix in a small coop is not recommended for best tail growth, as the tail will be stepped upon by coop-mates and ruined by frequent contact with feces and dirt. Large coops with runs that are cleaned regularly are great options for these birds. Covered, or elevated waterers, and a fully sheltered pen are a must if tail length is important to you, as are deep bedding in the pens. Otherwise, their care is no different than that of any other chicken breed.

    Phoenix egg

    Phoenix chick

    Phoenix hen

    Phoenix rooster

    For more information on this breed and their owners' and breeders' experiences with them, see our breed discussion here:
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  • Chicken Breed Info:
    Breed Purpose:
    Comb: Single
    Broodiness: Average
    Climate Tolerance: Heat, Moderate Cold

    General Egg Info:
    Egg Productivity:
    Egg Size: Small
    Egg Color: White

    Breed Temperament:
    Flighty, but will respond to handling. Typically non-aggressive.

    Breed Colors / Varieties:
    APA accepted: Silver, Gold, Black-Breasted Red. Other colors available from select breeders.
    Breed Details:
    There is a wide variety of temperment within Phoenix birds, but the majority are flighty with good survival instincts. They do respond to frequent handling, however, to become quite tame. They are available as large standard-sized fowl and bantam size.

    Adult Phoenix Photos Courtesy of Napalongtails. All other Photos Courtesy of Feathersite and Jamie L. McCallum Egg Photo Courtesy of Feathersite and Rupert Stephenson. Egg is not an Phoenix egg, just a example of the color.







Recent User Reviews

  1. A.M. Eggs
    "Wonderful and Amazing birds!"
    Pros - Beautiful, smart, quick, wonderful chickens!
    Cons - Can be a little skiddish from time to time and are a small breed.
    I have 5 silver duckwing phoenix that are about 19 weeks old. I had one start laying already! I have a large enclosure, which allows for them to run around and play. The new layer has always laid in the nesting box and is becoming sweet and affectionate. I have not found any cons yet! I guess I'll just have to wait and see!
    Ptera likes this.
  2. Poetastic
    "Great birds, they are a joy to own"
    Pros - Beautiful, tame, alert, curious, broody
    Cons - Lay few eggs, can be too flighty, loud
    I have owned Silver Duckwing Phoenixes for about three years. I started off with five hens and two roosters. They were relatively easy to tame and I even trained a few to fly on my arm. They are loud, a little crazy, and love to forage. I free range my birds and they venture out very far, sometimes too far, and are prone to get eaten by predators. They are very quick and alert, however, so more times than not they can escape possible danger. They are broody birds, and hatch many batches of chicks. The first few times they raise babies they tend to not be very great mothers. After gaining more experience raising chicks, phoenixes are great mothers and are fiercely protective of their young. I have had two phoenix hens team up and raise one batch of chicks at one point with great success. They love their babies, and even will take care of chicks that aren't theirs! The roosters are generally good birds as well. They are very protective of their flock. I once witnessed one of my phoenix roosters die trying to save his flock from coyotes. It was a sad moment, but he died with honor. I also watched one of my phoenix cross roosters attack a hawk, successfully scaring it away. The roosters are brave birds. I wouldn't recommend the phoenix to a first time poultry keeper or someone who doesn't have room for them to roam because they aren't your average bird. The phoenix is probably my favorite chicken breed and I would recommend them to someone who is experienced with poultry and has room for them to forage.
    Ptera likes this.
  3. gholmomma
    Pros - beautiful
    Cons - skiddish
    Ours are only juveniles. But they're SO frightened. They'll just nearly kill themselves running away from us when changing the water in the brooder. And other breeds are right next to them in other brood's really just These Guys that are so freaked out.

    We are going to be asking how to take care of the feathers, but for now...they're alive! 5 of 5 from Cackle are still flittering around.


User Comments

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  1. Phoenixmum
    Has anyone had success incubating Phoenix eggs? I have an issue with getting to a certain stage and it doesn’t look like the chicken develops fully. The black of the egg (chicken when candling) doesn’t fill more then a cm of the egg right around. With a good air sac and vains and a lot of space underneath. The egg on my post is at day 23 and beauty fills the egg. I know i shouldn’t candle at this stage, but this is a lone egg. I have 6 that are in the other incubator so I’m just trying to get it right.
    My hens and rooster are happy and healthy, but still young. Just at a year old...
    please if anyone can get back to me with information I would be really grateful.
    I do have a post up on this, but thought it wouldn’t hurt asking here.
  2. Thomas Lamprogiorgos
    Are they robust and sturdy?
  3. crity
    Little confused are they good or poor layers?
      flowerfaeiry likes this.
    1. flowerfaeiry
      Mine are great layers, avg 5 eggs a week although the eggs are medium size
      flowerfaeiry, Sep 25, 2017
  4. angelikimarie
    This one made me laugh out loud!! LOL Thousands!!
  5. Buck Oakes
  6. Granny Hatchet
    I had one this spring. beautiful little baby. unfortunately i didnt get a chance to see its adult plumage.
  7. Turk Raphael
    Very handsome birds. Good luck 'making' them breed! lo
  8. RezChamp
    This one of the few birds that I haven't owned. They're beautiful and I hope to get at least a trio one day.
    Wow porcelain. Cool.
  9. Ameer894
    Wow thank you :)
  10. Phoenixxx
    Where are you at? I have an abundance of white phoenixes except I don't think they're recognized down south yet. I'm not sure if they're full-size or bantam - I don't own a scale and I can't visually judge weight, not even in people. They are from a reputable breeder, though - the guy that bought them traded me for some of my meat birds. They're about the size of a pidgeon, if that, and they're all young and not laying quite yet.

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