Average User Rating:
  • Breed Purpose:
    Climate Tolerance:
    All Climates
    Egg Productivity:
    Egg Size:
    Egg Color:
    Breed Temperament:
    Breed Colors/Varieties:
    White Crested : Black, Blue, Cuckoo, Choc. Solid : Black, Blue, White, Cuckoo. Laced : Silver, Golden, Buff Other : Tolbunt, Crele
    Breed Size:
    Large Fowl

    The Polish or Poland breed is best known for its elaborate crest of feathers that nearly cover the entirety of the head. This crest limits their vision and as a result can affect their temperament. Thus, though normally tame, they may be timid and easily frightened.

    The oldest accounts of this breed come from The Netherlands, but their exact origins are unknown. One theory suggests that their ancestors were brought by Asian Mongols to Eastern Europe during medieval times, and thus, could have originated in Poland. It is also believed that immigrants brought the breed's predecessors from Spain or Italy in the late 16th century. The Polish was standardised in the Netherlands and declared a thoroughbred in the 16th century already. The American Poultry Association states that the breed was introduced to the USA between 1830 and 1840. The breed was, during a certain period of time, much favoured by American farmers and chicken fanciers.

    Polish chickens are bred primarily for ornamental purposes and exhibition, but were originally productive egg layers. Polish hens rarely go broody and are noted for their white eggs.

    The American Poultry Association accepted three Polish varieties into the American Poultry Association’s Standard of Perfection in 1874; additional varieties were accepted in 1883, 1938 and 1963. There are bearded, non-bearded and frizzle varieties of this breed.

    Polish eggs

    Polish chicks

    Polish juvenile

    Polish hen

    Polish rooster

    For more about the Polish breed and their owners' and breeders' experiences with them, see our breed discussion here: https://www.backyardchickens.com/threads/chicken-breed-focus-polish.1098899/
  • 77413a1f_IMG_2744.jpeg 8fbd10b7_polish-24462-484219.jpeg eba5b88f_polish-24462-285169.jpeg a766b60c_IMG_3277.jpeg bbdb5790_GuyKingofBeastsFlat.jpeg 08cea1dc_BuffyAlbertoVO5.jpeg 08b51441_DSCF5186.jpeg c57e60f7_IMG_1046.jpeg e62b5614_IMAG0184.jpeg 869510bd_IMG_2738.jpeg fffd8980_IMG_2736.jpeg f87b7335_IMG_2749.jpeg 01695192_IMG_2730.jpeg 5273167a_RSCN0799.jpeg f84c9099_BEMIDJI2012217.jpeg 69ffc2a8_DSC02445.jpeg 100080b8_DSC02593.jpeg 758feb2b_Kura.jpeg 9bcc971f_2012-10-1313.07.56.jpeg efbb1c85_IMG_2383.jpeg c5f6a576_IMG_5938.jpeg f96ac0d0_grammyscamera2012-2013159.jpeg 5f3652b1_2012-11-1913.38.35.jpeg b9247eb9_4-2-2014007.jpeg dc3870b5_spchick2.jpeg e428ea17_IMG_4119.jpeg 1cd4652d_image.jpeg a8848c03_IMG_20150602_124525452.jpeg c116fb6f_th.jpeg 6f6ba145_IMG_3371.jpeg dcc440da_IMG_3376.jpeg 07db520b_IMG_3379.jpeg b36461a7_IMG_3377.jpeg ca101cee_IMG_3380.jpeg 9002ef2b_6mFleabite.jpeg a50d58b6_LaceyandStormy.png 503b3f77_Lacey.png 400.jpg chicks.jpg juvie.jpg hen.jpg cock.jpg

  • Chicken Breed Info:
    Breed Purpose:
    Comb: V-Shaped
    Broodiness: Seldom
    Climate Tolerance: All Climates

    General Egg Info:
    Egg Productivity:
    Egg Size: Medium
    Egg Color: White

    Breed Temperament:

    Breed Colors / Varieties:
    White Crested : Black, Blue, Cuckoo, Choc. Solid : Black, Blue, White, Cuckoo Laced : Silver, Golden, Buff Other : Tolbunt, Crele
    Breed Details:
    Along with the vibrant color array that the breed already has, Breeders are constantly making new colors, such as the Black Crested White Polish and Red Crested Red Polish. Frizzled polish are becoming more popular as well, and there are even a few breeders working on Naked Neck (NN) Polish, and NN Frizzled Polish. I have 7 colors of polish and greatly enjoy their unique personalities. They are flighty, but with a little effort on the owner’s part, they will tame, and make great pets. The chicks are a little harder to start off than some other breeds, but in the long run, it is more than worth it to choose this breed.






Emmuh likes this.

Recent User Reviews

  1. Joyze172
    "Silver laced polish cockerel"
    Pros - Adorable chicks, docile, treats all his hens like queens, calming, hilarious.
    Cons - Crest care, flighty, anxious at times, fragile as chicks.
    I acquired a silver laced polish cockerel from the feed store while obtaining my spring meat birds and layer additions. They are fragile chicks and someone ordered one but they ship two just incase one doesn’t survive shipping. They both lived so he was a lone chick, so cute and adorable with a tuff on his head.

    Pros: cute chicks, loved to jump up and sit on our lap in the backyard around the fire, as a rooster we can pick him up and he will fall asleep in your arms, he will find food and pick it off to feed the hens, though he has a big crest he keeps a good eye out for hawks and predators. He frequently makes a purring sound to calm the hens if they get anxious and at bed time. Seems to be winter hearty as we get -20 below at night and to date he is healthy.

    Cons: he is a rooster and while hens are great around kids I don’t trust him, instead of an attack he pecks your feet to say get away from his hens, it is hilarious when he does this and I touch his crest he screams like a person and leaps around. As chicks they can’t handle srtress like other breeds, when picking him up he gets flighty or if startled, if he is separated from his flock he gets crazy, anxious and nuts. Running into stuff, higher probably of injury, pacing, unrational chicken behavior. In winter when he drinks out of an open dish his crest get wet and freezes into a head icicle so some give them a “hair trim” or tye in a bunch so he doesn’t get frostbite or use water nipples.

    Over all we love out cockerel and he is top dog in his flock. The hens preen his crest at evening roost. He provides entertainment due to his nature for us year round.
    Purchase Price:
    Purchase Date:
    May 2017
  2. Wendy Case
    "A beautiful fowl!"

    Would love to add a Polish or two to my coop. Not sure if that would be a good thing though if they can't see too well through their 'headgear'.
  3. Butterscotchbitesfinger
    "Gorgeous birds"
    Pros - They are always energetic
    They bounce around a lot
    They are cute
    Easy to catch
    Cons - They are a bit flighty
    They can be pecked a bit because they walk into everything and can’t see properly
    i absolutely love this bird she is two years old adopted the other day my poor girl had a blind eye so that adds to her flightyness
    The polish breed are sweet cause they are funny with their large poofs on there heads
    GreatGranny likes this.

User Comments

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  1. GreatGranny
    We are raising and giving away Polish roos to our neighbors! I have 4 Polish roos in with 24 hens! They work beautifully together, and we have not had the first hint of violence! They all crow and move around the hens without fear and are very protective of the brood! They are not aggressive to each other nor to us at all! I guess you could say, it is a work in progress! I love myPolis!!
      Lschoenhouse likes this.
  2. GreatGranny
    Love me some Polish chickens! I have a rooster, Poli, identical to the one in the last picture in this article, and he is a delight! He is not skittish and manages a flock of 23 hens with great care. Now I have some aggressive brown leghorn hens and he always protects me from their attacks when I enter their run! We love this breed so much that my hubby and I are raising 8 more Polish! 4-white crested blues and 4-golden lace bearded! 4 hens and 4 roos! From these 8 and Poli, we hope to raise more!
  3. The Chicken mama
    I have two five week old polish chickens and their names are Wiggy and Wacky. This breed is not like my others as I can not see anyway to tell the genders apart. The only thing I notice is that their tail feathers just today are starting to grow a few longer thinner feathers out the back. They have no crest yet or waddles like the other breeds. Can anyone familiar with this breed offer any advice?
  4. mew317
    I have a Polish (Or what we call: Moptops) rooster named Elvis. The poor thing was almost killed by a bigger rooster..HE IS THE MEANEST THING ON THE PLANET.His 1st 3 babies were 1 hen and 2 roosters. Ocean, the first chick he hatched off with a hen, was white with blue legs. None of them had blue legs. sorry I rambled about it XD
  5. Vanessa Smith
    Do Polish crested ever have feathered feet? When we bought ours they were supposedly Polish crested, but everything about my chicks has me thinking they may be Sultans? Any help would be great!
  6. Valair
    Here in Spain there are many breeds like this, apparently a lot of people here keep this fancy type chickens, I want to eventually get them. First I must learn about keeping chickens. If anyone is interested I will take photos of the breeds I come across
      Winniepooh4444 likes this.
  7. dirtydunlops
    My silver-laced Polish are the friendliest.
      Winniepooh4444 likes this.
  8. mew317
    I have a male and some hen Moptops/polish chickens. Some of them had come from Elvis, some white hens, stuff like that. Wanna know why I named my rooster Elvis? He had kind of Elvis (the person)’s hairdo. Elvis is a mean but pretty looking rooster! Right now I have a male with fluffy cheeks, legs, and a nice lil hairdo! He was in a water bucket w/ water so my Grandpa took him in and put him with lil miss Penny... She didn’t like it. We moved him into another cage. Good luck, others! Happy chicken birthdays out there! EDIT: I forgot Elvis wasn’t like others.. He has Orange and Black feathers. So does one of his chicks.
  9. Dean Wood
    I really like this breed, I only have 1 but I am planning on getting more. Her name is popcorn
  10. BDutch
    Both the crested fowl and the bearded crested fowl are 'Breed of the year' of the SZH in 2007. In this issue of Rare Pets, special attention is paid to the Dutch bearded crested fowl. Until the beginning of the last century the Dutch bearded crested fowl in the Netherlands were called Padua's. Incidentally, as in several neighboring countries. This name would tell the origin of the bearded crested fowl; from the area of Padua, Italy.

    This naming goes back to around 1600, when the well-known Aldrovandi wrote his Ornithologias, which also included images of crested fowl. He spoke of Patavinische hens. This does not prove the origin of the crested crested birds, because the story wants about 1400 one marquis De Dondi, crested and bearded fowl had taken with him to his villa near Padua after a diplomatic stay at the court in Poland.

    For Polish breeders is this evidence that beard-crested fowl are of Polish origin, it is embedded in the English names: Polands.

    But then, beard canoe are already many years in the Netherlands, as is shown on the skin-paintings of Dutch masters from the seventh century . Sufficient reason to consider this as a Dutch breed.

    Real ornamental fowl
    Dutch bearded crested fowl are real ornamental fowl, which used to be kept in noble fowl-courts. Ornamental fowl, because of their colorful and special appearance, with large round crest and full beard. It is also hardened land fowl with good quality properties. Yet they are rare. In the Netherlands, roughly ten breeders keep the large bearded crested fowl. The number of breeding animals is estimated at about 100 animals. The situation is a little better with the bantams.

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