Average User Rating:
  • Breed Purpose:
    Climate Tolerance:
    All Climates
    Egg Productivity:
    Egg Size:
    Egg Color:
    Breed Temperament:
    Breed Colors/Varieties:
    White Crested : Black, Blue, Cuckoo, Choc. Solid : Black, Blue, White, Cuckoo. Laced : Silver, Golden, Buff Other : Tolbunt, Crele
    Breed Size:
    Large Fowl

    The Polish or Poland breed is best known for its elaborate crest of feathers that nearly cover the entirety of the head. This crest limits their vision and as a result can affect their temperament. Thus, though normally tame, they may be timid and easily frightened.

    The oldest accounts of this breed come from The Netherlands, but their exact origins are unknown. One theory suggests that their ancestors were brought by Asian Mongols to Eastern Europe during medieval times, and thus, could have originated in Poland. It is also believed that immigrants brought the breed's predecessors from Spain or Italy in the late 16th century. The Polish was standardised in the Netherlands and declared a thoroughbred in the 16th century already. The American Poultry Association states that the breed was introduced to the USA between 1830 and 1840. The breed was, during a certain period of time, much favoured by American farmers and chicken fanciers.

    Polish chickens are bred primarily for ornamental purposes and exhibition, but were originally productive egg layers. Polish hens rarely go broody and are noted for their white eggs.

    The American Poultry Association accepted three Polish varieties into the American Poultry Association’s Standard of Perfection in 1874; additional varieties were accepted in 1883, 1938 and 1963. There are bearded, non-bearded and frizzle varieties of this breed.

    Polish eggs

    Polish chicks

    Polish juvenile

    Polish hen

    Polish rooster

    For more about the Polish breed and their owners' and breeders' experiences with them, see our breed discussion here: https://www.backyardchickens.com/threads/chicken-breed-focus-polish.1098899/
  • 77413a1f_IMG_2744.jpeg 8fbd10b7_polish-24462-484219.jpeg eba5b88f_polish-24462-285169.jpeg a766b60c_IMG_3277.jpeg bbdb5790_GuyKingofBeastsFlat.jpeg 08cea1dc_BuffyAlbertoVO5.jpeg 08b51441_DSCF5186.jpeg c57e60f7_IMG_1046.jpeg e62b5614_IMAG0184.jpeg 869510bd_IMG_2738.jpeg fffd8980_IMG_2736.jpeg f87b7335_IMG_2749.jpeg 01695192_IMG_2730.jpeg 5273167a_RSCN0799.jpeg f84c9099_BEMIDJI2012217.jpeg 69ffc2a8_DSC02445.jpeg 100080b8_DSC02593.jpeg 758feb2b_Kura.jpeg 9bcc971f_2012-10-1313.07.56.jpeg efbb1c85_IMG_2383.jpeg c5f6a576_IMG_5938.jpeg f96ac0d0_grammyscamera2012-2013159.jpeg 5f3652b1_2012-11-1913.38.35.jpeg b9247eb9_4-2-2014007.jpeg dc3870b5_spchick2.jpeg e428ea17_IMG_4119.jpeg 1cd4652d_image.jpeg a8848c03_IMG_20150602_124525452.jpeg c116fb6f_th.jpeg 6f6ba145_IMG_3371.jpeg dcc440da_IMG_3376.jpeg 07db520b_IMG_3379.jpeg b36461a7_IMG_3377.jpeg ca101cee_IMG_3380.jpeg 9002ef2b_6mFleabite.jpeg a50d58b6_LaceyandStormy.png 503b3f77_Lacey.png 400.jpg chicks.jpg juvie.jpg hen.jpg cock.jpg

  • Chicken Breed Info:
    Breed Purpose:
    Comb: V-Shaped
    Broodiness: Seldom
    Climate Tolerance: All Climates

    General Egg Info:
    Egg Productivity:
    Egg Size: Medium
    Egg Color: White

    Breed Temperament:

    Breed Colors / Varieties:
    White Crested : Black, Blue, Cuckoo, Choc. Solid : Black, Blue, White, Cuckoo Laced : Silver, Golden, Buff Other : Tolbunt, Crele
    Breed Details:
    Along with the vibrant color array that the breed already has, Breeders are constantly making new colors, such as the Black Crested White Polish and Red Crested Red Polish. Frizzled polish are becoming more popular as well, and there are even a few breeders working on Naked Neck (NN) Polish, and NN Frizzled Polish. I have 7 colors of polish and greatly enjoy their unique personalities. They are flighty, but with a little effort on the owner’s part, they will tame, and make great pets. The chicks are a little harder to start off than some other breeds, but in the long run, it is more than worth it to choose this breed.






Emmuh likes this.

Recent User Reviews

  1. ChickenGirl555
    "Sweet, hilarious birds!"
    Pros - Friendly, Beautiful, Curious, Funny to watch.
    Cons - Timid around other breeds, Noisy Roosters.
    I absolutely love my Polish pullet and two polish cockerels! Now this is different for every flock, but mine don't have problems with the others pecking their crests. My cockerels will actually lay down and when the hens come to them, the hens just pick gently as if to groom them. But they are gorgeous, completely lovable, and the sweetest of my flock. My pullet, Elvira, comes to me whenever the others pick on her (She's oddly small). Now I didn't put it in the cons, but Elvira enjoys

    One con is just that when integrating my three polish, they didn't try to make friends or integrate as others have. But eventually, they got along and now have been living together for months. My other con is not actually a big problem for me but I thought I should mention that my cockerels are quite noisy. I'm not sure if it's because I have more than one, but like I said this isn't a problem for me but others should be aware.

    I hope you get some polish soon!
    Purchase Price:
    About $4
  2. WickedChicksNH
    "Lovely and sweet"
    Pros - Sweet, docile, and beautiful
    My first experience with a White crested black polish has been nothing but joy.
    This little chicken/roo will bring a lot of smiles to your face.

    They are friendly and enjoy being talked to, One of my grandson's picked her up and and she fell right to sleep in his arms, enjoys being spoiled with love.

    If you are like me you do feel a little bad that they cannot see as well with all that fabulous hair, she always checks out my feet when I come in the run to either feed them or hang out, she knows my toes and realized I am not a threat and that it is me as I always start talking to them when I am on my way to the coop/pen.
    She will perch on my shoulder and head as high up she can see thing better below her.

    When treats are given she usually is the last to figure out they are there but figures it out when everyone else is running (usually the ducks) to the treat plate.

    I have put her hair up so she can see and she very much enjoys this she looks at everything like it is brand new. she will spend the longest time just viewing everything. She also get a little more brave.

    There is no aggression I have seen in this breed. They would be a wonderful addition to any flock for eye candy and a sweet chicken companion.

    you do have to make sure they are not under your feet when you walk as they like to be close and cannot see you stepping they are quick so if you are not paying attention you might step on them.

    other thing one would need to watch out for is other chickens or other birds you have might think their hair is something they can peck at breed2.jpg izzy3.jpg izzy69.jpg supermodel.jpg
    Purchase Price:
    Purchase Date:
    April 2018
  3. jennajolynne
    "So funny to watch in the backyard!"
    Pros - Hilarious to watch as their "hair" blows in the breeze.
    Decent Egg Layers.
    Good foragers despite their visual impairment.
    Cons - Easily Bullied.
    A bit flighty.
    I added more polish to my flock this year simply for my entertainment. They are pets and it is just a bonus that they "pay rent". I love to watch their tophats blow in the breeze and when they are wet it's even funnier looking. Mine are awesome foragers and they are always first to come running when I have treats. Due to their smaller size they are quick!

User Comments

To post comments, simply sign up and become a member!
  1. GreatGranny
    Love me some Polish chickens! I have a rooster, Poli, identical to the one in the last picture in this article, and he is a delight! He is not skittish and manages a flock of 23 hens with great care. Now I have some aggressive brown leghorn hens and he always protects me from their attacks when I enter their run! We love this breed so much that my hubby and I are raising 8 more Polish! 4-white crested blues and 4-golden lace bearded! 4 hens and 4 roos! From these 8 and Poli, we hope to raise more!
  2. The Chicken mama
    I have two five week old polish chickens and their names are Wiggy and Wacky. This breed is not like my others as I can not see anyway to tell the genders apart. The only thing I notice is that their tail feathers just today are starting to grow a few longer thinner feathers out the back. They have no crest yet or waddles like the other breeds. Can anyone familiar with this breed offer any advice?
  3. mew317
    I have a Polish (Or what we call: Moptops) rooster named Elvis. The poor thing was almost killed by a bigger rooster..HE IS THE MEANEST THING ON THE PLANET.His 1st 3 babies were 1 hen and 2 roosters. Ocean, the first chick he hatched off with a hen, was white with blue legs. None of them had blue legs. sorry I rambled about it XD
  4. Vanessa Smith
    Do Polish crested ever have feathered feet? When we bought ours they were supposedly Polish crested, but everything about my chicks has me thinking they may be Sultans? Any help would be great!
  5. Valair
    Here in Spain there are many breeds like this, apparently a lot of people here keep this fancy type chickens, I want to eventually get them. First I must learn about keeping chickens. If anyone is interested I will take photos of the breeds I come across
      Winniepooh4444 likes this.
  6. dirtydunlops
    My silver-laced Polish are the friendliest.
      Winniepooh4444 likes this.
  7. mew317
    I have a male and some hen Moptops/polish chickens. Some of them had come from Elvis, some white hens, stuff like that. Wanna know why I named my rooster Elvis? He had kind of Elvis (the person)’s hairdo. Elvis is a mean but pretty looking rooster! Right now I have a male with fluffy cheeks, legs, and a nice lil hairdo! He was in a water bucket w/ water so my Grandpa took him in and put him with lil miss Penny... She didn’t like it. We moved him into another cage. Good luck, others! Happy chicken birthdays out there! EDIT: I forgot Elvis wasn’t like others.. He has Orange and Black feathers. So does one of his chicks.
  8. Dean Wood
    I really like this breed, I only have 1 but I am planning on getting more. Her name is popcorn
  9. BDutch
    Both the crested fowl and the bearded crested fowl are 'Breed of the year' of the SZH in 2007. In this issue of Rare Pets, special attention is paid to the Dutch bearded crested fowl. Until the beginning of the last century the Dutch bearded crested fowl in the Netherlands were called Padua's. Incidentally, as in several neighboring countries. This name would tell the origin of the bearded crested fowl; from the area of Padua, Italy.

    This naming goes back to around 1600, when the well-known Aldrovandi wrote his Ornithologias, which also included images of crested fowl. He spoke of Patavinische hens. This does not prove the origin of the crested crested birds, because the story wants about 1400 one marquis De Dondi, crested and bearded fowl had taken with him to his villa near Padua after a diplomatic stay at the court in Poland.

    For Polish breeders is this evidence that beard-crested fowl are of Polish origin, it is embedded in the English names: Polands.

    But then, beard canoe are already many years in the Netherlands, as is shown on the skin-paintings of Dutch masters from the seventh century . Sufficient reason to consider this as a Dutch breed.

    Real ornamental fowl
    Dutch bearded crested fowl are real ornamental fowl, which used to be kept in noble fowl-courts. Ornamental fowl, because of their colorful and special appearance, with large round crest and full beard. It is also hardened land fowl with good quality properties. Yet they are rare. In the Netherlands, roughly ten breeders keep the large bearded crested fowl. The number of breeding animals is estimated at about 100 animals. The situation is a little better with the bantams.
  10. BDutch

BackYard Chickens is proudly sponsored by: