- Breed Purpose:
- Climate Tolerance:
- All Climates
- Egg Productivity:
- Egg Size:
- Egg Color:
- Breed Temperament:
- Breed Colors/Varieties:
- White Crested : Black, Blue, Cuckoo, Choc. Solid : Black, Blue, White, Cuckoo. Laced : Silver, Golden, Buff Other : Tolbunt, Crele
- Breed Size:
- Large Fowl
The Polish or Poland breed is best known for its elaborate crest of feathers that nearly cover the entirety of the head. This crest limits their vision and as a result can affect their temperament. Thus, though normally tame, they may be timid and easily frightened.
The oldest accounts of this breed come from The Netherlands, but their exact origins are unknown. One theory suggests that their ancestors were brought by Asian Mongols to Eastern Europe during medieval times, and thus, could have originated in Poland. It is also believed that immigrants brought the breed's predecessors from Spain or Italy in the late 16th century. The Polish was standardised in the Netherlands and declared a thoroughbred in the 16th century already. The American Poultry Association states that the breed was introduced to the USA between 1830 and 1840. The breed was, during a certain period of time, much favoured by American farmers and chicken fanciers.
Polish chickens are bred primarily for ornamental purposes and exhibition, but were originally productive egg layers. Polish hens rarely go broody and are noted for their white eggs.
The American Poultry Association accepted three Polish varieties into the American Poultry Association’s Standard of Perfection in 1874; additional varieties were accepted in 1883, 1938 and 1963. There are bearded, non-bearded and frizzle varieties of this breed.
For more about the Polish breed and their owners' and breeders' experiences with them, see our breed discussion here: https://www.backyardchickens.com/threads/chicken-breed-focus-polish.1098899/
Chicken Breed Info:
Breed Purpose: Ornamental
Climate Tolerance: All Climates
General Egg Info:
Egg Productivity: Medium
Egg Size: Medium
Egg Color: White
Breed Colors / Varieties:
White Crested : Black, Blue, Cuckoo, Choc. Solid : Black, Blue, White, Cuckoo Laced : Silver, Golden, Buff Other : Tolbunt, Crele
Along with the vibrant color array that the breed already has, Breeders are constantly making new colors, such as the Black Crested White Polish and Red Crested Red Polish. Frizzled polish are becoming more popular as well, and there are even a few breeders working on Naked Neck (NN) Polish, and NN Frizzled Polish. I have 7 colors of polish and greatly enjoy their unique personalities. They are flighty, but with a little effort on the ownerÂs part, they will tame, and make great pets. The chicks are a little harder to start off than some other breeds, but in the long run, it is more than worth it to choose this breed.
Emmuh likes this.
Recent User Reviews
"Annoying but cute"
Pros - The absolute cutest
Good egg laying ability
A great way to add diversity to a flock
Cons - Flighty
Can't see well
Have a tendency to lay anywhere but the nesting box
They bother the other hens (no personal space)
My personal experience with Polish hens:
The good- They have a great temperament when played with as baby chicks. We have one that loves to be picked up and will fall asleep in your arms. They are surprisingly good layers. We have had ours lay almost every day for close to 6 months through the winter even! (we do not use supplemental lighting at all either) They are so funny to watch and we have the greatest time just watching them around the yard. In all they are a good chicken to have especially if your looking for some fun poof heads to laugh at.
The bad- They DESTROY nesting boxes (kick ALL the hay, shavings whatever right out) and then they don't even lay in them! They can also be extremely flighty because they really can't see that good. It can be a pain the trim and keep their head feathers clean and keep them from icing up in the wintertime. One of our hens is probably louder than the rooster and voices her opinion a lot.
I really like my polish hens, but 3 is plenty and I probably wouldn't get more unless something happened to them.
Below is my buff laced bearded polish hen- Mrs. Santa Claus
Jeddice likes this.
"They were awesome, But they didn't last long"
Pros - Cute
They were able to be whistle trained
Cons - Foxes got them easily
I had 4 polish Hens. Gidget, Panda, Gibi, And Sleepy. We bought them from tsc, Sleepy died days later from being sick, Gidget got eaten by a fox, Gibi was eaten by a fox, and Panda got lost.
They were great though, i could pick them up, I had them whistle trained, And rhey always followed me EVERYWHERE!
"Silver laced polish cockerel"
Pros - Adorable chicks, docile, treats all his hens like queens, calming, hilarious.
Cons - Crest care, flighty, anxious at times, fragile as chicks.
I acquired a silver laced polish cockerel from the feed store while obtaining my spring meat birds and layer additions. They are fragile chicks and someone ordered one but they ship two just incase one doesn’t survive shipping. They both lived so he was a lone chick, so cute and adorable with a tuff on his head.
Pros: cute chicks, loved to jump up and sit on our lap in the backyard around the fire, as a rooster we can pick him up and he will fall asleep in your arms, he will find food and pick it off to feed the hens, though he has a big crest he keeps a good eye out for hawks and predators. He frequently makes a purring sound to calm the hens if they get anxious and at bed time. Seems to be winter hearty as we get -20 below at night and to date he is healthy.
Cons: he is a rooster and while hens are great around kids I don’t trust him, instead of an attack he pecks your feet to say get away from his hens, it is hilarious when he does this and I touch his crest he screams like a person and leaps around. As chicks they can’t handle srtress like other breeds, when picking him up he gets flighty or if startled, if he is separated from his flock he gets crazy, anxious and nuts. Running into stuff, higher probably of injury, pacing, unrational chicken behavior. In winter when he drinks out of an open dish his crest get wet and freezes into a head icicle so some give them a “hair trim” or tye in a bunch so he doesn’t get frostbite or use water nipples.
Over all we love out cockerel and he is top dog in his flock. The hens preen his crest at evening roost. He provides entertainment due to his nature for us year round.