Most often when one thinks of Rhode Island Reds they are thinking of the Large Fowl Rhode Island Red as it is one of the oldest known breeds of chicken and was developed mainly in Rhode Island and Massachusetts in the mid 1840's.
- Breed Purpose:
- Dual Purpose
- Climate Tolerance:
- Egg Productivity:
- Egg Size:
- Egg Color:
- Breed Temperament:
- Aggressive,Friendly,Flighty,Easily handled,Calm,Noisy
- Breed Colors/Varieties:
- The Rhode Island Red is only recognised in Red.
- Breed Size:
- Large Fowl
- APA/ABA Class:
The first birds were bred in Little Compton, RI with the use of a Black Breasted Red Malay cock who was imported from England. This Rooster can actually still be seen on display in the Smithsonian Institution as the father of the breed.
The breed was accepted into the American Poultry Association in 1904.
A monument funded by the Rhode Island Red Club of America was erected in Little Compton and today is listed on the national register of historic places. It can be seen here:
The Rhode Island Red is the State Bird of Rhode Island.
The breed was developed to withstand the harsh New England winters and be a very hardy bird who produced hens with excellent large egg yields and who also would dress out well and look nice on the table, a true dual purpose bird.
While the names and places of origin are the same, the Rhode Island White is actually a distinct breed separate from the Rhode Island Red per the American Poultry Association.