The Russian Orloff is again becoming a popular duel purpose breed after becoming nearly extinct in the last century. The Orloff is a bearded, muffed, walnut combed breed. There is mention of this breed in literature that is thought to have been published in 1774. The description was obviously that of the Orloff, but at the time the breed was called Chlianskaia and later as Russians, which was probably a corruption of or based on Ghilan, the Persian province where the breed was most common and of its probable origin. Its present name is taken from Count Orloff-Techesmensky who was quite an Orloff enthusiast and brought them to the eye European and American public.
- Breed Purpose:
- Dual Purpose
- Climate Tolerance:
- All Climates
- Egg Productivity:
- Egg Size:
- Egg Color:
- Breed Temperament:
- Friendly,Easily handled,Calm,Bears confinement well,Quiet
- Breed Colors/Varieties:
- The Russian Orloff comes in Spangled (which is the only color found in the USA) but can be found also in white and black.
- Breed Size:
- Large Fowl
Early importations were principally black. Early APA standards refer to the Orloff as having a rose comb. It's true the APA did call the comb rose, but when you read the description it was clearly what today would be called a walnut or strawberry comb and not a true rose comb.
When first imported from Russia, Orloffs were heavy boned, hard muscled, meat fowl that look similar to many popular game types. In the early part of the century a hatchery in Pennsylvania is said to have hatched Orloffs in seven colors and nothing else. It is believed to have operated for more than twenty years and closed around the time of World War II.
The ABA currently recognizes three varieties. The British Standard lists four varieties--Black, Mahogany, Spangled, and White. There are at least three others--Black Breasted Red (with a Cinnamon hen), Mottled, and Buff. Today this is a very rare fowl in the United States and Canada but gaining in popularity due to its calm nature and often winter production of eggs.