- Breed Purpose:
- Climate Tolerance:
- Egg Productivity:
- Egg Size:
- Egg Color:
- Light Brown
- Breed Temperament:
- Bears confinement well,Docile
- Breed Colors/Varieties:
- White and Red-Saddled or Red-Shouldered Pictures courtesy of Chickndaddy and chickencharmer.
- Breed Size:
- Large Fowl
The Yokohama is a striking long tailed rare breed, believed to have arrived in Europe from Japan during the 1860’s or 1870’s. The original imports were sent from the port of Yokohama, by a French Missionary named Girad. In Europe the breed was thus known as Yokohama.
In the UK, all of the varieties with long tails were given the Yokohama name, but in Germany, in attempt to differentiate them, they gave them different names: "Jokohama" for the varieties with red lobes and walnut / pea combs and "Phönix" for the single combed varieties with long tail feathers. Breeders in Germany, most notably in Saxony, worked hard on improving the breed and Harrison Weir wrote in “The Poultry Book” published in 1902 “In some parts of Saxony and Germany, they are raised to great perfection, and clubs have been instituted for their production and possible improvement”.
The Phönix vareity were mostly made up of the Japanese O-Nagi-Dori and were further crossed with other European breeds, possibly with Old English Game, mostly to overcome some of the challenges of inbreeding from the few imports that were available. The Jokohamas are thought to be crosses from the Japanese breed of Satsumadori, Minohiki and others.
Yokohamas have remained a rare breed in the UK and still seem to be more popular in Germany, which is surprising considering how striking they are. It may be because managing the tail feathers, which trail behind the male on the floor and can become dirty in the wrong kind of environment, proves too much of a challenge for their keepers.
The Yokohama was first admitted to the APA's Standard of Perfection in 1981.
For more information on this breed and their owners' and breeders' experiences with them, see our breed discussion here: https://www.backyardchickens.com/threads/chicken-breed-focus-yokohama.1112745/
Chicken Breed Info:
Breed Purpose: Ornamental
Climate Tolerance: Heat
General Egg Info:
Egg Productivity: Low
Egg Size: Small
Egg Color: Light Brown
Bears confinement well,Docile
Breed Colors / Varieties:
White and Red-Saddled or Red-Shouldered Pictures courtesy of Chickndaddy and chickencharmer.
They are an ornamental bird that is a poor layer of small cream or tinted eggs. The Yokohama is reported to lay an average of 80 eggs per year. They are very slow to mature and require special roosting accomodations for the tail of the roosters. They are a beautiful bird with little use aside from their appearance and personality. They are not hardy in the winter, not great layers, not known for broodiness and require extra accomodating in order to protect their beautiful long tail. Roosters can be very aggressive with other males and the females can be very protective mothers. Some females seldom are broody while others are very broody. If you are looking for a beautiful bird that lays well and is hardy, the Yokohama is not for you but they have a special place among the ornamental breeds. **Pictures Pending**
Recent User Reviews
"I Wish I Could Love Them"
Pros - Sweet girls, stunning to look at
Cons - My roo is a bully
I only have a pair so my experience is limited and this is my first run with this breed. YMMV. Ours are name Noodle and Dumpling. We are ready to make Dumpling soup! The girl, noodle, is great though. When I peek out the window my little girl is always holding her on her back. You can even do it one handed with an outstretched arm. She just LOVES being carried around on her back cradled like a baby. I have never seen anything like it. I know you can put them in a trance but this girl isn't doing that, she just loves being cradled. My boy though, ugh. He is up there with my leghorn roo, unhelpful and mean. One track randy mind. At least he doesn't pluck my other birds for feather snacks like my Leghorn. He gets me going because when I am doing chores he likes to bounce off of the back of my calves with his feet and has decent claws. Will be getting rid of him before the real dangerous bits form and shorts season comes back. For me this is another great girl bad boy breed. If all the boys could just be like my Spangled Hamburg... In my dreams.
"Elegant breed. Quite a joy to look at."
Pros - A real eye opener. Beautiful long tail that drags along the grass
Cons - Tail is horrible in the wet season. Have to keep dry. Exspensive in Australia. Sparse laying. Hard to source where I live.
I haven't had yokohamas for very long but I purchased a pair from Brisbane from quality lines to make sure I started off the bat with good birds. Freight ontop to be sent to the Northern Territory and it was close to $500 just for the pair. Definatly no one local to source new blood from later on which will make it pricey to keep them out of inbreeding unless someone else takes an interest into the breed and is willing to pay for birds to be freighted or eggs to be posted. There is a demand however, as many people see the beautiful red shouldered rooster gracefully walking around the lawn but I am quite reluctant to sell anything just yet. They do seem to hold some sort of great price which will come in handy later on to pay for themselves.
Laying is very slow. Only got two eggs from them however both were fertile and now are lovely chicks. They are handling the tropical heat where I live quite well despite what other sources have informed me, however I am very worried about our wet season for if they manage to get wet in a storm.
Rooster is quite vocal, very loud for his size and hen is very shy. Seem to enjoy perching high up a lot as well.
A beautiful hard feather none-to-less. People come and see all of the old english game, seabrights and wyandottes and think they are amazing until they see the yokohama. The WOW factor is definatly a thing to feel proud about keeping the breed and I don't regret biting the bullet and paying for the pair. Look forward to keeping this breed and futher improving the breed in Australia.MaryJanet likes this.