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Blind chickens produce more eggs

Discussion in 'Managing Your Flock' started by Black Feather, Jul 20, 2007.

  1. Black Feather

    Black Feather Chillin' With My Peeps

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    Apr 20, 2007
    Found this article in the paper this morning. Not sure if I like the idea of mass production blind egg layers. I don't know if there's any hope for a blind chicken to have a life if it is rescued from one these factories.

    Urban Coyote

    ********

    Scientists crack the case: Blind chickens lay more eggs
    By NOOR JAVED The Canadian Press | 4:41 AM


    GUELPH, Ont. — Sure, love is blind, but who knew about breakfast?

    Researchers at the University of Guelph in southwestern Ontario have discovered that a strain of naturally blind chickens produce more eggs than their sighted counterparts — a finding that could help farmers improve commercial egg yields.

    Scientists found that the way the blind chickens — known as Smoky Joes — respond to light gives them an advantage when it comes to laying eggs.

    Prof. Gregoy Bedecarrats made the discovery after he began studying reproduction patterns of the blind chickens in 2004 to learn how light influences egg production.

    He said the research could prove valuable to farmers, who could increase egg yields by altering lighting techniques.

    "We could figure out some way to alter the lighting so that it biologically prompts the chickens to produce more," Bedecarrats said.

    The professor of animal poultry science said the Smoky Joes lack retinas, which forces the birds to process light in a different way, giving them an edge when it comes to egg laying.

    "These chickens reach the peak of egg production one to two weeks before the normally sighted birds, and produce around 10 per cent more eggs," Bedecarrats said.

    "At the basic level, it’s because Smoky Joes are unable to process specific wavelengths in light because they lack retinas, which inhibit sexual maturation. . . . Since they mature faster, they are also able to produce eggs sooner, and for some reason, at a higher quantity."

    In most commercial farms in Canada, White Leghorn chickens are bred to produce large quantities of eggs year-round through a process of photostimulation.

    Using incandescent light, such as regular light bulbs, breeders can stimulate ovary maturity in chickens by exposing the birds to light for a certain number of hours daily to mimic daylight.

    Typically, chickens begin their reproductive development after sensing an increase in day length, Bedecarrats said.

    "Producers start by exposing chickens to eight hours, and will move on to 10, 12 and the ideal amount of time is 14 hours of light," he said.

    As the amount of light exposure increases, a red wavelength is absorbed by a portion of the brain called the hypothalamus, which secretes hormones and controls sexual maturation.

    In chickens that can see, different wavelengths — usually blue and green — stimulate receptors in the retinas, inhibiting reproduction, he said.
     
  2. Pekin Hen

    Pekin Hen Out Of The Brooder

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    Jun 2, 2007
    South Africa
    Poor chickens!!!!!

    Intresting news, think how the hen must feel
    "Ok so i layed an egg, but where?"

    Annette.
     
  3. Black Feather

    Black Feather Chillin' With My Peeps

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    Apr 20, 2007
    You're right! I hadn't thought about it that way before. Can you imagine if one of them hatched chicks? She would probably have the best hen ears on Earth [​IMG]

    UC
     
  4. Southern28Chick

    Southern28Chick Flew The Coop

    Apr 16, 2007
    I have a blind chicken. Her name is Tiny and she's 11 weeks old. I guess she'll give me lots of eggs. I actually thought about trying to get her fixed so she doesn't have to go through any stress but I guess she'll be ok.
     

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