Report on chicken feeding, genetics, and disease Hi, my name is Claire Bee and I am going to be talking about chicken feeding, genetics, and disease. My first paragraph is on chicken feeding. Chickens need about 16 to 20 percent of protein. Most small flock owners feed their birds scratch grain. Scratch is a mixture of two or more cracked grains such as corn, oats, wheat, millet, etc. Chickens love scratch grains. They instinctively scratch the earth to find bugs and pebbles. The pebbles help grind the food up because chickens don’t have teeth. My chickens devour our table scraps. But if you do feed your birds’ table scraps stay away from fatty foods. Chickens love vegetables. They also like strongly scented foods like onions, garlic, salami, and fish. Foods like that can flavor the hen’s eggs. Also don’t feed your chickens a lot of “people” food because they might turn up their beaks to the scratch grains or whatever you are feeding them on a daily basis. This paragraph is on genetics. Genetics are the science of hereditary, dealing with resemblances and differences of related organisms resulting from the interaction of their genes and environment. In intermediary hereditary the mother is a white homozygote and the father is a black homozygote. The mother has two identical white genes and the father has two identical black genes. During fertilization the mother gives away on of her white genes and the father gives away one of his black genes. The offspring will therefore, be gray. The last thing I am going to talk about is chickens disease. I am going to talk about one specific disease. It is called Coccidiosis. Coccidiosis is a disease caused by the coccidial protozoan organism, an internal parasite called Eimeria. These live inside the cells that line the bird’s intestine. As they reproduce they cause bleeding and swelling in the intestine. The side effects of this are blood in the chicken’s droppings, ruffled feathers, a hunched up appearance, and white diarrhea around the vent. To treat this disease veterinarians use a drug called coxoid. For the drug to be effective you have to administer it in the chicken’s water. To prevent Coccidiosis you should keep your coops clean, dry, and well ventilated. This was my report on chicken feeding, genetics, and disease.