Hi all, just wanted to share some tricks that work for me. I rake my modified Dog kennel coop with carpet rake found on amazon. I can get the sand very clean. It gathers up the poop and debris, leaving the sand groomed and in place. I than sift the pile with an ex-large half dome wire sifter I found at a kitchen supply. It's so large, it takes both hands to shake, but goes very quickly. I do wear gloves, and have plastic stool to sit on. This is probably laughably extreme to many of you, but I enjoy spending time out there with them. They all end up fighting to take sand showers right under the sifter/strainer. I searched along time for the right rake and kitty litter scoops leave alot of poop and are so small. I do use granular stall fresh and DE. If it's dusty, I have disposable face masks that cost next to nothing in bulk. The DE has not bothered my quail as yet, some are two years old. The DE that caused cancer in the miners, is a different type than the food grade. Well, I hope some you that keep quail on sand find this useful. Your tips and experiences have helped me many times. I enjoy this site,and have been lurking along time. Thank you. Edited for my many typos.