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Education Article on Common Diseases

Discussion in 'Emergencies / Diseases / Injuries and Cures' started by AJ Farms, Dec 5, 2012.

  1. AJ Farms

    AJ Farms Chillin' With My Peeps

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    Jan 16, 2012
    Poultry Diseases and How to Prevent Them



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    Poultry are not disease free, and it is important that you create an environment that will protect these birds from as many diseases as possible. If you intend to eat your chickens or consume their eggs, you will want them disease free for yourself as well as their own well being.
    Most diseases are a matter of prevention. Here are four easy steps to reduce exposure to disease in general.

    1. Make sure your chickens are receiving a balanced diet that includes protein, vitamins and minerals.
    2. Make sure mash, scratch and pellets are kept clean and dry and not used after the expiration date.
    3. Keep your coop cleaned out.
    4. Keep water clean.
    Below are the most common diseases chickens suffer from, their symptoms, and how to prevent them.


    Infections Bronchitis
    This is a fairly common respiratory disease that can be mild or severe depending on immunity and environment.
    Symptoms include:
    Decreased interest in food and water
    Discharge from eyes and nostrils
    Gasping and other signs of respiratory distress
    Strange chirping sounds
    Dramatic reduction in egg production
    Treatment:
    The most effective form of prevention is vaccination. You will need to find a vet that works with livestock and poultry while they are young. If your chickens are not vaccinated, they can be prescribed antibiotics that you will have to give them. They will need to be isolated as well. Increasing the temperature of the isolation area is also helpful.

    Avian Encephalomyelitis
    This occurs predominantly in young birds and is quite common in developed countries.
    Symptoms:
    Dull expression
    Uncoordinated movements
    Twitching of the head and body
    Treatment: Isolate the chicken immediately. The best form of prevention is vaccination.


    Chronic Respiratory Disease or Mycoplasma Gallisepticum
    A respiratory disease that affects a large number of chickens. It is also called Infectious Sinusitis or Mycoplasmosis.
    Symptoms:
    Swollen Sinuses
    Sneezing
    Discharge from the nostrils
    Foamy eye discharge
    Treatment:
    Antibiotics have proven very effective in combating this disease and they may be administered by mixing in food or water or by injection.


    Fowl Pox or Avian Diptheria
    Is not the same as the chicken pox your children can get. It is a respiratory disorder.
    Symptoms:
    Spots that look like warts on bald areas of the body
    Diminished egg production
    Raw, occasionally bleeding skin
    Respiratory distress
    Congestion
    Treatment: Vaccines are available, however there is no treatment for this particular disease. It is, however, slow to spread so if caught early it may not spread to unaffected poultry.


    Cholera
    This occurs in adults, predominantly roosters. The most common symptom is loose, green stools and swollen wattles.
    Treatment: Tetracyclines should be administered until symptoms disappear- about one week.


    Marek’s
    This is a highly contagious disease caused by the herpes virus.
    Symptoms:
    Asymmetrical Paralysis
    Difficulty Breathing
    Change in eye color
    Treatment: To prevent this disease, chicks should be vaccinated upon hatching.


    Infectious Coryza
    Also known as a cold or croup, it is a respiratory infection.
    Symptoms:
    A strange foul smell
    Nasal and Eye discharge
    Difficulty or changes in breathing
    Diarrhea
    Wheezing sounds
    Treatment: Antibiotics are most commonly used as well as anti-bacterial medications.
    There are two disease that you MUST REPORT TO THE USDA if your chicken show the signs or symptoms of.


    Avian Influenza or Bird Flu
    Symptoms:
    Respiratory Distress
    Changes in eating habits
    Diarrhea
    Decreased egg production
    Nose discharge that contains blood
    Red or white spots on the legs

    Newcastle Disease
    Respiratory Difficulties including wheezing, gasping and sneezing
    Green, watery diarrhea
    Nervousness and depression
    Paralysis
    Tremors
    Thin-shelled eggs or no eggs
    Swelling of the skin around the eyes and in the neck
    If you suspect a chicken in your flock has either of these diseases, you MUST contact the U.S. Department of Agriculture.



    Hope this helps you all!

    God Bless!

    edited by staff
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Dec 25, 2012
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