This is gonna be a long post, so please bare with me lol So we have around 1 acre fenced off for our chickens, geese, and ducks. The fence itself is 4 feet tall, and is chicken wire with metal fence posts. Since fencing that area off, I haven't lost any flock members to predators. However, I do worry that one day I will, because a fence keeps my flock in. It doesn't necessarily keep predators out. I don't have an issue with any predatory birds. My main concern is the other predators here in central pa: black bears, coyotes, foxes, raccoons, fishers, minks, weasels, etc. When I free ranged my flock, everything was great until I lost 2 hens in a day to a fox. After that is when we fenced them in. I know for a fact we still have plenty of foxes in the area, as well as coyotes. We've also had some black bear sightings in the area. Never had a problem with bears before until this past summer. One practically tore apart our outdoor shed we stored chicken feed in. Though I'm glad the bear went for the feed, and not for any of my birds! Stuff like that is what really scares me. A fence won't stop a very determined predator. So this brings me to the idea of an electric fence! I feel that it would greatly help in keeping my flock safe from ground-based predators. I'd be putting it up a little ways away from the fence just so my birds wouldn't get shocked. I don't want it right up against it for that reason. But I don't want it too far away from the fence either, as I don't want to let predators climb up over the fence. I don't feel my chickens would care about it, but my geese are curious and I worry they would try and grab it through the fence and get shocked. For that reason, I worry about the voltage. I want something high voltage enough to stop a bear from trying to get in, but nothing that would kill/injure my birds. I'm not sure if that's a possibility or not, as I know next to nothing about electric fencing. So...voltage suggestions and whatnot are appreciated! I also worry that, say, if one of my geese decided to fly out (this has only happened one time, and it was just one of them), and tried to get back in to be with the others...the goose would get zapped on the fence. So I wonder if I should just avoid that issue all together by clipping their wings? I hate to clip any bird's wings, and I avoid doing so if I can. They enjoy flying around my yard when I have them out, so it would be sad if they couldn't do that. I doubt if they would get out honestly, but I worry about them getting zapped. My chickens and ducks never try to escape, so I don't worry about them doing that. Thoughts? I do have a few other questions. They might sound dumb, but as I said, I don't know much about electric fencing, so please bare with me here Is there any sort of fire hazards with electric fencing? In the summer, the grass/weeds grow up very high around the area where this fence is. Obviously I'm going to keep that stuff trimmed down if I'm going to be putting up an electric fence. But on the chance that I miss a spot or something, would that possibly cause a fire if dried grass got up against the fence? Also, if it rains/snows how does that work then? Does the fence short out? My father is going to help me set this up, but I wanna know all this stuff in advance so we do it right! Thank you for any input! I'm also including a little overview of my current setup. Stuff might not be exactly to scale, but I wanted to give you all an idea of the area I want to put this up at. The dark green circles are trees btw lol (not exactly up to size, but just to give you an idea of where the trees are all located and whatnot).