When I was 10 years old, back in the olden days as my grandsons call it, 1955 to be more precise, I signed up for the 4-H chicken program. We were given 100 chicks straight from the hatchery and we had to raise them and then put them in the county fair. My wonderful late Uncle John came to my aid and built a place for me to keep them until spring. We had no electricity at that time and he was quite ingenious in his idea and Id like to share this experience with you. He built a square with lumber about 18 inches high and used metal roofing for the bottom. It was on legs about table high and it had a top built of ply board with a door about 18 inches square. It was about 6 feet square or there about. He put creek sand, coarse and dry about 2 inches deep in the bottom. Under it he put two kerosene lamps placed where the flu came to about an inch or so from the underside of the metal roofing. This was adjustable to regulate the amount of heat that was needed to keep the brooder to the desired temperature. This was housed in a good quality out building that protected it from wind and rain and such. I dont remember if anyone had to get up in the night to refill the lamps. I just know I didnt. The chicks did fine. I remember how good and warm the air felt that came out of it when Id open it to feed them and to add water to their waterers. By the way, I won 1st prize at the local fair and then the 4-H man took them to Nashville to the state fair and I won 10 dollars there. It was the begiinning of a life time of interest in chickens and I waited til I got thru raising kids and then took on my chickens love again in my "golden age". The intent was to enjoy the chickens and to make a little money selling the eggs. Its been 5 years now and I try hard not to think about what the chicken feed and utilities cost me compared to the amount of money Ive collected selling my eggs. Maybe I could take advise from the notorious "little moron" who sold his watermelons at the same price he paid for them and when he figured out he was not making any money decided to remedy this he had to buy more trucks so he could sell more watermelons. Maybe I need more chickens?