how to determine sex of quail

Discussion in 'Quail' started by Q QUAIL S, Dec 5, 2016.

  1. Q QUAIL S

    Q QUAIL S Out Of The Brooder

    Nov 21, 2016
    What is the best method to determine the sex of quail? I don't know if it matters, but I have the Japanese Courtnix?
  2. MadamPoofyBrow

    MadamPoofyBrow Chillin' With My Peeps

    Jun 15, 2015
    If you look at their chest feathers, the males will have rusty red chest feathers, while the females will be creme coloured with little black/brown dots[​IMG]
    1 person likes this.
  3. bhcarnes

    bhcarnes Out Of The Brooder

    Nov 19, 2016
    1 person likes this.
  4. eHuman

    eHuman Chillin' With My Peeps

    Mar 14, 2016

    Alas I have found that you cannot sex quail using the taste test. Slice of jalapeno and some pepper jack cheese under each breast.
    1 person likes this.
  5. LoveInNature

    LoveInNature Out Of The Brooder

    Dec 12, 2016
    Brisbane Australia
    I will take your word for it......
    1 person likes this.
  6. abot87

    abot87 Chillin' With My Peeps

    Hi there.

    Sexing quail can be done in 4 different ways.

    1. Observational Sexing: By carefully observing your quail you'd be able to ascertain which are male. Matured quail will be the ones who mount other quail. Do take note that matured males will mount either sex. Females are mounted for copulation and other males will be mounted to establish the pecking order. Cockerels also crow whereas hens will cluck.

    2. Feather Sexing: Depending on the mutation of quail you have, it's possible to assess gender based on the matured plumage of your birds. Hens will have spotted or striated chest (or breast) feathers and males will lack these spots. However, certain mutations such as the Texas A&M and Tuxedo quail don't have this trait. Making it virtually impossible to "feather sex" those birds.

    3. Vent Sexing: By probing the cloaca (anus) of the quail you'd be able to determine gender. Simply turn a quail upside down, or raise it above eye level, and gently squeeze the cloaca. Matured males will have an engorged cloaca that secretes white foam (this is not sperm). Females are also capable of secreting a tiny amount of foam, but a engorged cloaca is basically never found, unless there is an egg on the verge of being laid. As such, you need to be very gentle when "vent sexing" your quail as a internally ruptured/broken egg will most certainly result in the death of your hen.

    4. DNA Sexing: This is the way to go if your quail mutation is sexually monomorphic (no visibly plumage markers). Using PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction), the presence of male or female chromosomes can be detected. For a viable DNA test you can use vascular material left behind on the inner surface of the eggs membrane, blood or a feather that has the follicle attached. Molt and blood feathers also have no viability for testing.

    Last edited: Dec 23, 2016
    2 people like this.
  7. Faraday40

    Faraday40 Chicken Obsessed

    Aug 1, 2013
    Quail sexing
    The quail are just about 6 weeks old now. Please let me know if you think my predictions are correct.
    1. A&M Male (now crowing & tried to mate quail #2 below)

    2. A&M Female????

    3. A&M - gender???? This is the runt / "failure to thrive" quail. It has always been about a week behind developmentally. It's finally about the same size. My guess is female or just still slow to mature.

    4. Brown Coturnix Male (It's DD's fav = 1st clue, because she's a rooster magnet. Then it developed a male color pattern. About a week ago it began crowing. However, I do not see the huge swollen area behind the vent like in the A&M male. Also not trying to mate others - yet)

    5&6 are Female Coturnix- can tell by feather pattern.

BackYard Chickens is proudly sponsored by