I have a dozen birds, one of which I have written about last year. She was attacked by the neighbors tom cat when she was a few months old. Brought her to the vet who said I was crazy and injected her with steroids and antibiotics. To everyones amazement, she survived but is pretty small. Anyway, my old hen picks on her now and again and I noticed missing head feathers in addition to the usual bare spot where she had been injured. I moved the feathers back and it looked like I kicked an ant hill! These little beige colored bugs scurried all over. She has two scabs on this side of her neck and then on the back of her neck I noticed cement colored chunks stuck to the base of the feathers. I am not squeamish, but now I feel stuff crawling on me! Are these mites or lice? Is the treatment the same? I read a few other posts on it but I have never dealt with this before and some of the posts seemed to mix the two as if the same so I am confused. Lastly, what would have happened had I never noticed and she went untreated??