Is there a list of say the 10 oldest American chicken breeds? Or can someone create a list here? I know the first two oldest breeds. 1. Dominique -- Know as "Pilgrim Fowl" and was around for many years before being accepted by the APA in 1874. 2. Java -- Considered the second-oldest American breed and fist mentioned in print in 1835. But it was not accepted by the APA until 1883. The white, black, and mottled varieties were all accepted by the APA in 1883, but white was removed in 1910 because it looked too much like the White Plymouth Rock. Plymouth Rock was accepted by the APA in 1874. This may be the third-oldest American chicken breed.