public service information - Avain flu symptoms - no treatment - good flock management & bio-securit

Discussion in 'Emergencies / Diseases / Injuries and Cures' started by ChicKat, Oct 6, 2013.

  1. ChicKat

    ChicKat Overrun With Chickens Premium Member

    Today I saw this and I thought that I would post this with the hopes that it doesn't start a furor or panic or anything similar, but rather that it gives people knowledge in the event that they would ever face this emergency:


    How to Recognise Avian Influenza
    What to look for
    • Ruffled feathers
    • Soft-shelled eggs
    • Depression and droopiness
    • Sudden drop in egg production
    • Loss of appetite
    • Cyanosis (purplish-blue coloring) of wattles and comb
    • Edema and swelling of head, eyelids, comb, wattles, and hocks
    • Green diarrhoea
    • Blood-tinged discharge from nostrils
    • Incoordination, including loss of ability to walk and stand
    • Pin-point hemorrhages (most easily seen on the feet and shanks)
    • Respiratory distress
    • Increased death losses in a flock
    • Sudden death
    • Nasal discharges
    For more detail in avian influenza in poultry
    click here

    This symptom list is from the Poultry Site:
    http://www.thepoultrysite.com/bird-flu/bird-flu-news.php

    Here is another quote;
    Avian Influenza
    (aka bird flu, avian flu) is caused by a type of influenza virus that is hosted by birds, but may infect several species of mammals. It was first identified in Italy in the early 1900s and is now known to exist worldwide. A strain of the H5N1-type of avian influenza virus that emerged in 1997 has been identified as the most likely source of a future influenza pandemic. Strains of avian influenza virus may infect various types of animals, including birds, pigs, horses, seals, whales and humans. However, wild fowl act as natural asymptomatic carriers, spreading it to more susceptible domestic stocks. Avian influenza virus spreads in the air and in manure and there is no evidence that the virus can survive in well cooked meat.

    Treatment

    None, but good husbandry, nutrition and antibiotics may reduce losses. Eradication by slaughter is usual in chickens and turkeys.
    Prevention

    Hygiene, quarantine, all-in/all-out production, etc. Minimise contact with wild birds, controlled marketing of recovered birds. Vaccination is not normally recommended because, although it may reduce losses initially, vaccinated birds may remain carriers if exposed to the infection. Vaccines have been used in recent outbreaks in Mexico and Pakistan. To be effective inactivated vaccines must be the right subtype for the particular situation (H5 will not protect against H7 and vice versa). In outbreaks a regime of slaughter, correct disposal of carcases, cleaning, disinfection, isolation, 21-day interval to re-stocking should be followed. Survivors can be expected to have a high degree of immunity but may harbour virulent virus.

    Sometimes we do take Bio-Security for granted, and with flu season ahead,,,maybe this can be a good reminder for all of us.
     

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