Spraddle foot...What does it look like?

Discussion in 'Emergencies / Diseases / Injuries and Cures' started by shober, Aug 10, 2011.

  1. shober

    shober Chillin' With My Peeps

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    What exactly does spraddle foot look like? I've used newspapers before, many years ago and never noticed any problems. How long does it take to develop?[​IMG]
     
  2. maybejoey

    maybejoey got chickenidous?

    I found this online. hope it helps:D

    Correcting Spraddle or Splay Leg in Birds




    Spraddle-leg or splay leg is a condition of immature birds in which abnormal lateral forces on the legs causes the long bones (femurs) and sockets of the upper leg (acetabula) to distort and bend outward or sideways. Both legs are usually affected. The cause of this condition is a nesting area or container, which is too slick for the bird to grasp well. Lack of adequate or appropriate bedding in the nest box also causes this condition, as will too rapid a growth rate in overfed, hand-reared birds. Affected birds are much like a novice ice skater whose legs slide outward from the midline. Theoretically, improperly low calcium diets or those too high in phosphorus would also aggravate or precipitate this condition.
    Correcting this problem in a rapidly growing baby is a fairly straightforward proposition. No two veterinarians or aviculturalists fix this problem the exactly the same way. Many techniques are successful, I do not like methods that immobilize the legs with foam or braces because they do not allow normal motion of the legs while the bird heals. To protect the legs, I wrap a 1/8dto 1-inch strip of two-sided foam sticky tape, used to attach picture-hanging hooks around either foreleg (tibias). I leave a gap in the tape on the medial (inner) surface of the leg so that circulation to the foot is maintained. Then I fashion and apply a shackle, hobble or handcuff made of a 1/8 to 1 inch strip of Curity white bandage tape so that the legs can no longer splay outwards. This apparatus is positioned just proximal (above) the ankle or tibiotarsus. I reapply the tape daily so that inward tension on the legs is always very mild. Each day the legs are positioned closer to the midline. If X represents the birds body and o the birds leg, first the legs will look like o-------X-------o then gradually over a few days; I move them more toward the midline: o-----X------o, then to: o--x--o. Then, finally, to oXo. The entire procedure should take 8-30 days. During this period attempts should be made to massage the feet and allow the bird to perch so that the toes and feet do not become atrophied and contracted. As soon as possible I get them on large-diameter perches because the feet and toes are also usually abnormally shaped due to the spraddle. One has to be sure circulation, temperature, color and consistency of the feet remain normal - if not, the bands are too tight or one is putting too much torque on the legs to quickly. It is amazing how quickly the bones of the leg and pelvis remodel and correct the problem. If splay-leg is advanced, angulation at the “ankle” (tarsus) accompanies bowing of the upper legs. This ankle angulation is harder to correct but does not incapacitate the bird. The younger the bird, the more likely the ankle problem self-corrects when the upper legs are straightened.

    The older the bird, the harder spraddle–leg is to correct. This is because bones of older nestlings are more calcified and rigid. Correcting the problem in grown or nearly grown birds requires that a veterinarian cut and pin abnormally shaped bones. In these birds, the leg never returns to a completely normal anatomy and function. Mature birds with marked spraddle leg need additional perches and climbing ladders.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Aug 10, 2011
  3. shober

    shober Chillin' With My Peeps

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    Thanks so much! I used newspapers many years ago and all the chickens were fine! Going to get more shavings now!![​IMG]
     
  4. maybejoey

    maybejoey got chickenidous?

    Glad I could help.[​IMG]
     
  5. mercedes

    mercedes Chillin' With My Peeps

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    Quote:This is a very helpful post,this method makes a lot of sense.Thank you [​IMG]
     

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