Step-by-Step Tube Feeding Guide - Pictures - Under construction

Discussion in 'Emergencies / Diseases / Injuries and Cures' started by casportpony, Dec 6, 2015.

  1. casportpony

    casportpony Enlightened

    In this thread I will try to cover all aspects of tube feeding. Subjects covered will be:
    • When to tube
    • Tube feeding contraindications
    • Crop volume and how much to tube
    • How to insert the tube
    • Risks associated with tubing
    • Supplies needed and where you can get them
    • The importance of correcting hydration
    • How to tube neonates

    When to Tube

    • Tube if bird is not drinking/eating
    • Tube if bird has lost 5% of it's body weight

    Tube feeding contraindications

    • Never tube a non responsive bird
    • Never tube a hypothermic bird
    • Never tube a bird with an digestive tract obstruction

    How Much and How Often to Tube

    Almost all sick birds will dehydrated, so one must correct this first. Crop volume is about 5% of a bird's body weight, but it is best to start with 2% to 3% and see how they tolerate it (2-3 ml per 100 grams). Warmed fluids should be given and then given again in 60-90 minutes if crop has mostly cleared. Repeat again in 2-4 hours.


    Once hydration has been corrected, tube Kaytee Exact mixed at about 1 part food to 2.5 to 3 parts water. Start with 2-3 ml per 100 grams. Gently feel the crop. It should have a slight bulge. If still flat, give a little more.

    Supplies Needed

    • Tube
    • Syringe
    • Scale
    • Water
    • Kaytee Exact Baby Bird Food


    The size of tube you need will depend on the size of the bird you are tubing. A size 18 french tube can usually be used on all birds that weigh 500 grams or more. Small chicks and ducks would need a size 8. Geese, adult ducks and adult peafowl can accommodate a size 30.

    [​IMG] [​IMG][​IMG]

    The 30 - for extra large fowl.

    The 28

    The 26

    The 24

    The 22

    The 20

    The 18 - Most birds over 500 grams

    The 16

    The 14

    The 12

    The 10

    The 8 - Newly hatched chicks and ducklings


    A 1 ml and a 3 ml should be used when tubing chicks/ducklings with a size 8 tube. Tube shown below is a size 8 on a 1 m luer slip syringe.

    When using size 18 or larger tube, it's best to have a 60 ml catheter tip syringe, but a 35 ml one will also work.

    [​IMG] [​IMG]
    This is a 35 ml (cc) syringe This is a 60 ml (cc) syringe

    Types of syringe tips

    You can buy 60 ml catheter tip syringes at Tractor supply and here - 60 ml catheter tip syringes (click to open)


    A kitchen scale that can weigh in grams is what I use. Knowing the weight of your bird will allow you to calculate the amount of water and food to tube.


    Scale can be purchased at places like Walmart.



    Kaytee can be purchased and Petsmart, Petco and online.

    Crop feeding videos

    These are using a crop needle, not a plastic tube.

    This one uses a tube like I use

    Check back for updates

    Last edited: Sep 15, 2016
  2. roddycn1216

    roddycn1216 In the Brooder

    May 29, 2016
    Something that I have thought of.... I see so many people making their birds vomit, which IMO, is INCREDIBLY dangerous and will more than likely give the bird pneumonia. If people would insert a tube and instead of the holding the tube up above the chickens head... let the tube go below the crop the gastric contents should drain on their own through the tube without the worry of the bird aspirating.

    Another thing we do in the human world is check for "residuals" about every two hours if it's a newly inserted gastric tube to check the patient's tolerance of tube feeds. This would be a wise thing to do after doing an initial tube feeding with poultry.... to check and make sure the initial volume has went down before pumping more fluid in because, once again, this could cause the bird to aspirate and get pneumonia. Simply insert your syringe and pull back to check residuals. If you pull back and hardly get anything.. that's awesome, it means the fluid is going down. If you aspirate a ton of volume, don't do your next TF, but make sure and return the contents! Hold it for a few hours and then recheck. We always allow bolus tube feedings to run in by gravity meaning don't use the plunger and PUSH the volume in. Doing it in this manner is less hard on the GI tract and also lessons the risk of potential aspiration. But I have also never done this on a chicken... my first time will be tonight after I get home from work LOL! When I do bolus TF's on a person I get a large volume syringe, attach it to my tube, and simply pour a small amount in initially of whatever I am trying to get down. Sometimes the fluid will bubble from gas being released and after that the fluid goes down easily. If the patient is coughing or sneezing I would use my plunger as a stopper and temporarily cover my syringe so my feed doesn't go all over me and everything around me LOL!
    casportpony likes this.
  3. casportpony

    casportpony Enlightened

  4. Texas Kiki

    Texas Kiki Egg Pusher

    Jul 31, 2015
    Houston, TX
    My Coop
  5. casportpony

    casportpony Enlightened

    It's a fabulous link.
    KikisGirls likes this.
  6. casportpony

    casportpony Enlightened


  7. ladyearth

    ladyearth Songster

    Nov 23, 2013
    How can I tell if Blakey has an obstruction since her crop is mushy. but not reals big ? that was one of the contradictions? thank y'all
  8. casportpony

    casportpony Enlightened

    Impossible to know without x-ray. What's going on with Blakey?
  9. ladyearth

    ladyearth Songster

    Nov 23, 2013
    well Ive posted . cause she has had runny WATERY mostly then greenish with yellow poo too for quite a while. When she started staring and standing around brought her inside.. over a week ago I believe gave her Tyal orally for 3 days . not helping the stop and gave her that Sufamadimne stuff left over from Springtime
    .she is almost 3 yrs old. Most of them have acted sickly lately too. 2 still have bad runny poo WATERY too but they are active outside...still.
    I sent 2 fecals to Murray State vet school they took from Tuesday to following this Monday to get hold of us ...
    They supposedly emailed results to local don't care about chickens etc VET. Ve of called and said occ rd worms and occ Tapeworms who know whee she got all from I caught her drinking war from under one of my many garden pots.
    Hubby vomited her. SEv days ago couple or more times) cause her crop was mushy but he smelt no smelly breath bought the 2% store brand Gyna Lotrim. Read about it sev yrs ago on this forum so finally frustrated. and open the G Lotrim and hubby gave her 1cc twice yesterday. I woke up this morning and didn't know If it was hurting her... so gave no more Gyna L so far
    but others said they wouldn't raise giving. so Im so scared of hurting this gentle soul
    She is sprighty yea at times. Hubby let her out to eat a little greens growing in the yd. esp chickweed. She was eating her wtr softened feed. But no more
    she did eat some soft boiled egg. But not now.... Today she only ate the small grit I put out for her. she has drank some ACV wtr. some colloidal silver water some reg water.
    I let her graze some today too. but her poo is even more Clea watery. she gets down out of her banana box bed. lined with newspaper herself . she also gets back in herself.
    she puffs up too (
    Goldie impacted crop July 2015 or so) was easier to deal with than this
    HELP please
    Last edited: Nov 2, 2017
  10. Texas Kiki

    Texas Kiki Egg Pusher

    Jul 31, 2015
    Houston, TX
    My Coop
    Your bird has round worms and tape worm and a sour crop?
    Is this correct?

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