Ok, i wondered why my 1 week old chicks in the hen house brooder were not as comfortable as i thought they should be so i did some investigation on the temp in their environment. They showed no signs of distress but didn't seem to chipper. The brooder is 2 feet high X 4 feet long X 2 feet wide 1/2 inch hardware cloth on all sides and top. Open bottom to coop floor and pine shavings. Hanging over the center of the top was 2 - ceramic socket fixtures with 250 watt TSC red infrared bulbs in them. I was using a digital wireless thermometer to monitor temps and all was not looking good. It was suggested that 2- 250 watt fixtures was too much and i might cook the chicks but the test results will disprove that in a BIG way. Ambient temp outside the coop was 55 degrees and the temp inside the brooder, under the lights was 78.7 degrees with 2 - 250 watt bulbs going. The distance from the floor of the coop to the fixture guards was 26 inches. I used a non contact laser thermometer to find out what was going on. The chicks did not exhibit distress in any way but i felt that something was wrong. By using the non contact laser temp gun, that rules out the wireless sending unit as being misleading. Here are the shocking temp results that explain why they are absolutely not a good choice, FIRE HAZARD not withstanding. Temp at the ceramic socket - 160 degrees Temp on the face of the bulb - 340 degrees Temp on the reflector from the inside where the bulb resides - 111 degrees Temp 8 inches from the face of the bulb - 126 degrees Temp 26 inches to the coop floor where chicks are residing - 85 degrees. Not enough for 1 week old chicks. Chick external body temp ranging from 81 to 83 NOT GOOD THATS A 41 DEGREE DROP IN 2 FEET !!!!!!!!! Now this is 500 WATTS OF LIGHTING ONLY A LITTLE MORE THAN 2 FEET FROM THE CHICKS. You would think " Chicken Roast for dinner " NO WAY The loss across distance of these type of bulb and reflector setups are truly amazing and sad at the same time. Im sure most people think that a single 250 watt setup will do but from these temp results, its not the case. Take it for what its worth. I ordered a 11x16 Sweeter Heater and my chicks are now in the house until it gets here tomorrow and i set it up and test it. I will post the Sweeter Heater test results if anyone wants to know. As a side note , i now have them in a 2x3 tote in the house with 1- 250 bulb and reflector with the bulb guard within 16 inches of the pine shavings on the tote floor. Pine shaving temp is 100 and the chicks are self regulating from one end of the tote to the other. Their exterior body temp is 90 degrees So once again proving the loss versus distance on these bulbs , the face of the bulb is 340 degrees and , lets say approximately 20 inches to the pine shavings, its 100 degrees . These things SUCK and they are responsible for many burnt down coops, broken hearts and cooked birds. If you are like me, they are like our other pets. Its just not worth loosing the entire flock over the $100 cost of a Sweeter Heater. .