You can house turkeys with chickens as long as you are not over-crowded and keep everything clean and the bedding turned over so it's always fresh. Turkeys just need more room for roosting and ranging than the chickens.
On our farm we have a separate turkey house from the chickens and free range everyone together during the days. We have several cat/dog crates and small dog houses that we use as turkey/duck nest boxes. To encourage the turkey hens to lay eggs where I want them to, we keep the turkeys confined until all the hens have laid an egg in the "turkey area" and then we leave at least 2 eggs in the nests so they don't forget where to lay.
If we want them to brood the eggs, we leave all eggs in the nest and once they reach about 20 eggs someone will go broody and set them. Once a turkey goes broody, she needs to be isolated from the other turkeys. We do this by moving her (dog house and all) to a separate 4'x5' brooder pen within our turkey house. Turkeys are social layers and if you don't isolate the broody hen, the other hens will continue to lay in the occupied nest. Those eggs won't get the proper brood time and the activity of the other hens will upset the broody and possibly break her eggs.
The only real difference between turkeys and chickens (other than the obvious size difference) is in temperament. Turkeys are lovable troublemakers! They want to follow you everywhere, will always get into everything you don't want them to, and will always end up where you don't think they can get to (like the roof of your house/barn). They are incredibly curious and have to investigate everything and will always be the ones to knock down your garden fences and trample your plants. Your fences have to be good and at least 5' high! And clip their wings to keep them (sort of) grounded. They can still fly, but not as well. But they are very sweet and clownish which makes up for the extra trouble (most of the time)
Keeping turkeys social/friendly is easy. Since they are so curious, they will want to socialize with you (Palms and Palm crosses do tend to be more stand-offish though and do not like to be handled as much as other breeds so they will need extra attention). We handle our birds from hatch to table every day. We pick them up as often as possible. We don't hold them or cuddle them, we just pick them for a few seconds to a minute at a time to get them used to being handled. We also hand feed them so they associate us with treats. Although this makes them want to peck at your clothes and your hands when you're not feeding them, so be prepared for that. But we feel like friendly birds makes up for the occasional pecked finger.
Once they are larger, around 16 weeks, the hugging starts. It sounds stupid, but this is very important, especially for the jakes (young toms). Hugging them keeps them from becoming aggressive towards you and other people. The act of bending over them and putting your arms around them and hugging them to hold them in place for a minute at a time lets them know that you are the alpha animal on the farm. They need to know that humans are bigger and stronger than they are and hugging is the best way I've found to get that message across in a non-threatening way. I've been raising turkeys now for several years and never had an aggressive tom.
Toms will get aggressive with each other. Most often when one Tom is mounting a hen, another Tom will come and knock him off or try to mount the hen at the same time. Because of this, it's better to keep your Toms separate if you can. Let one free range while the other is locked up and switch them out every other day. They will also fight to determine who is the dominate Tom. But these fights usually aren't too bad. It's more concerning when two Toms try to mount a hen at the same time, which is why we just keep one breeding Tom at a time.
Turkeys do have a shorter laying season than chickens, but it's broodiness that limits turkey eggs in my experience. I have one turkey who has brooded 3 clutches so far this year with her first in February. But we live in an area with mild winters and no snow so climate may be the determining factor for the laying season.