Okay, so, before everyone freaks out when I use the word "heater," I've done the research and I'm aware of the hazards of introducing heat. What I'm looking to talk about is the safest methods of delivering heat to ducks should you live in a climate area, or have a period of temperatures where it becomes a requirement. I happen to live in New England, and the winters can be cold for periods of time. I know people make claims that our feathery friends will be fine, however, there is a lethal temperature for all animals... at some point they will become too cold and and will die. What are your thoughts on the ideas proposed below? Do you have any other ideas for keeping your ducks / poultry warm while minimizing fire risk?
This is the old "classic." It probably accounts for the vast majority of heating inside of chicken and duck coops, so I figured I'd start with this. I definitely think this one depends on how you've implemented the heater in your space... this can be done safely, and if you think about it, the ratio of heat lamps out there, to the number of fires that are attributable to them is extremely small.
As far as the best one I've seen so far, I'd have to say it's the Prima Heat Lamp. Has anyone used this model? It seems much safer than the traditional medal units.
I found another option that seems interesting... a heat pad. There's a few models that are designed specifically for use with poultry, including the Thermo-Chicken Heated Pad by K&H Manufacturing. This is a 40W pad that you can mount either on the ground or wall inside your coop. Poultry can lay down on or beside it, and they will warm up. This will NOT warm the air, and it's only 40 watts, but it will warm the animal.
I tend to like this model, however, one apprehension I have is putting this on the wall next to wood shavings and moisture. The K&H specifically state to not place wood shavings or saw dust directly on the unit due to fire hazards.