MEDICINE DOSING CHART FOR CHICKENS TERMS (General & Specific):tsp- teaspoon C&S - culture & sensitivity (only vets can do this) TBLE - tablespoon ATB - Antibiotics SQ - Subcutaneously (a injection going under the skin) IM - Intermuscularly (a injection going into muscle) cc or ml - Both are the same measurement 5cc or 5ml - either one = 1tsp. 3 tsp = 1 TBLE 1 TBLE - 1/2 fluid ounce or 15 ml. 30 cc or ml = 1 oz. 1/4 cup - 4 TBLE, 12 tsp, 2 oz, 60 ml. 1 cup - 8oz, 240 ml. 1 pint - 2 cups, 16 oz, 480 ml. 1 quart - 2 pints, 4 cups, 32 oz, .95 liters 1 gallon - 4 quarts, 8 pints, 16 cups, 128 oz, 3.8 liters Chick Vaccinations: LS 50 (1-14 days old): 1st shot .5ml SQ @ 7 days, wait at least 4 weeks 2nd vaccination, annual booster. Coryza: 1st shot .5ml IM @ 3 weeks old-wait at least 4 weeks before 2nd vaccination, annual booster. Marek's Disease: 0.2ml SQ at 1 day old to prevent range paralysis (not useful after 1 day of age) Poxine: Vaccinate with web pricking needle provided anytime after 6 weeks of age to prevent fowl pox, booster annually. Newcastle-Bronchitis: 1 day old or older, mix in drinking water or intranasal/intraocular, it is effective for 90 days only! Diseases & Treatments: It is recommended that eggs laid by hens under any of the following treatments be discarded. Do not cook them and feed them back to the birds. Do not stop treatment when symptoms subside. Finish the full treatment program. All water solubles are to be done daily unless otherwise specified and other water sources should be eliminated to allow proper doses to your birds. Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD) Antibiotics: Omnimycin: Drop 1/2ml in the mouth every day for 3-5 days. Tylan 50: Inject 1/2 ml SQ and 1/2 ml. IM in the breast every day for 7-10 days. You may also put 1/4 tsp. (2.5 ml) in a 1 gallon container of water for 3 days or 1 tsp. (5 ml) for every 1 gallon of water daily for 7-10 days. Spectram: Inject 1/2 ml. SQ and 1/2 ml. IM in the breast every day for 7-10 days. Gallimycin/Erymycin: mix 1/2 to 2 tsp. per gallon of water daily depending upon severity of CRD symptoms. Minimum of 10-14 days of use is recommended. LS 50: Mix 1 tsp. per gallon of water daily for 7-10 days minimum. Denaguard 50 for Swine: Mix 1 TBLE. per gallon of water daily with 1 TBLE. of cranberry juice to assure birds consume solution. General or Unknown Disease ATB: Make sure you have talked with a vet before hand, unless you know what it is or your flock has had it before. Terramycin: Mix 1 TBLE per gallon of water daily for 10-14 days minimum. Mix with cranberry juice to help birds drink the solution. LA-200/Duravet 72 200: Drop 1ml orally and inject 1 ml IM twice daily for 5-7 days. This is a broad spectrum time release ATB. Aureomycin/ CTC: 1 TBLE per gallon of water daily for 10-14 days minimum. Combine with 1/2 tsp vitamin or 1 cup cranberry juice. May be combined with 1/2 - 2 tsp Erymycin for respiratory problems. Coccidiosis or Diarrhea: Corid: 1 tsp per gallon of water daily for 3 days. Follow by 3 days of ASP, 3 days of Dimevitamins and finally Thox at 1 tsp per gallon of water. Bacitracin/Solutracin: 1 tsp per gallon of water daily combined with 1/2 tsp Neomycin (Neo Sol) for 5-7 days to treat intestinal problems and diarrhea. Sulfadimethoxine Soluable (Sul-Met): 1 tsp per gallon of water daily for Coccidiosis, coryza, E-coli & Salmonella. Fishzole: 1 tablet per day to help treat canker (mouth sores). Wounds & Infections Penicillin (PCN) ATB: Inject 182 ml SQ for 3-5 days for wound infection. Use 3 ml orally for Cholera. Fish Mox (Aquarium PCN): 1 capsule per day for 5 days for wounds and infections. Also used to treat specific C&S infections/wounds. Anti-Pick lotion (Blue Kote): Apply topically to reduce feather picking. Also assists existing “picking wounds” to heal. Chalk: Apply to spur and/or broken nails of birds to assist clotting and stop the bleeding. Wormer Ivomec (Ivermectin 1% injectable): 1/8 - 1/4 ml orally for Round, Whip, Hook, Thread, Pin, Heart, Cecal, Gape, Capillary, Lung and Stomach worms. Does not kill tapeworms. Very effective against mites and lice. Off label for chickens, the consensus says there must be a 10 day egg withdrawal. If you use it in a dropper form (the medicine droppers are available from any drug store) place it down the back or at the shoulder blades directly to the skin. Kind of like putting Advantage on your dog or cat. You will need to part the feathers to do this correctly. Ivermectin Pour On is available in a small container for about $15.00 at TSC. If using for worms, repeat in 10 days. If using for lice/mites, repeat in 15 days. Best way is to keep your flock healthy is to keep them on a schedule, and then you don’t have to worry about any of that. Here is the math conversion for using the medicine dropper with Ivomec. 0.046 ml per pound of chicken weight: 10lb - 6 drops 9lb - 5-6 drops 8lb - 4-5 drops 7lb - 4 drops 6lb - 3-4 drops 5lb - 3 drops 4lb - 2-3 drops 3lb - 2 drops 2lb - 1 drop Under 2lbs - not advisable Valbazen: Drop 1/8 - 1/4 ml orally for tape worms. Broad spectrum anthelmintic (11.36% Albendazole) is effective in the removal of liver flukes, tapeworms, stomach worms, round worms, lung worms and other intestinal worms. Although not officially supported as a broad spectrum wormer for chickens, it is unofficially the best one. Dosage is 0.077 cc of straight Valbazen per pound of bird weight (that is 3/4 of 1/10 of 1 cc straight Valbazen per pound) or 0.17 cc straight Valbazen per kilogram of bird weight. Here are examples: Pound dosage: 8 lb. bird x 0.077= 0.6 cc of straight Valbazen or just over 1/2 cc. A 10 lb. bird would be almost exactly 3/4 of a cc (0.077 x 10= 0.77 cc) Kilogram dosage: 3 kg. bird x0.17= 0.51 cc (1/2cc) of straight Valbazen. You can give Valbazen straight without dilution down the throat ( a small 1cc syringe is best with no needle). Repeat in 10-14 days. Although weighing each bird is a pain, it is safer to get an actual weight in the beginning until you become familiar with knowing what a chicken weighs by looking at them and picking them up. Wormazole: 1 tablet and then repeat in 10 days for treatment of round, cecal and tapeworms. Wazine 17% or 34% (Piperazine): Mix 1 oz per gallon of fresh drinking water if using 17% or one half oz per gallon of water if using 34% daily to treat 50 birds over 6 weeks of age. Follow label directions for repeat treatments and length of treatment for roundworms. Place for their sole source of drinking water for a full 24 hours. Best placed first thing in the morning before they come off the roost. If the weather is not too warm, it is also best to lock them down for the day to make certain they are not getting their water elsewhere like dew or puddles. Repeat in 10 days for birds under 2 lbs. Repeat with a different wormer in 10 days for all others. Wazine is not always the first choice for birds under 2 lbs. Levasole Bolus (Labeled for Sheep/Goats/Cattle): Dissolve one bolus labeled for sheep or goat use per gallon of water one time. Eliminates all types of worms. Copper Sulfate: Mix 1/8 tsp per gallon of water 1-2 days monthly to kill algae and protozoans in the water. VetRx: Use for CRD, leg mites, ear mites, stress, comb damage, scaly leg etc. A little goes a long way and will not hurt your birds. The HPBAA highly recommends this product with the use of all other treatment plans. This product will increase appetite, fertility and vigor. See the directions on the insert for detailed uses. I guess an excellent product. Lice & Mites Permethrin 10%: use proper protective gloves, long sleeved shirt and eye protection as recommended on the product label while mixing and using this product. Mix 2 1/2 TBLE per 2 gallons of water, Mix product in a 5 gallon bucket in 5 gallon amounts. Dip entire bird up to the base of the head where ear hole is located. In winter months, pour product in a spray dispenser bottle and use on vent and undercarriage areas only. Avoid direct weather until bird is dry. Red Cote with Dauber: Apply liberally to legs to prevent and treat scaly leg. Will also enhance leg condition and color. VetRx is also recommended for this same treatment. Scarlet Oil Spray: Apply liberally to the legs to prevent and treat scaly leg mite. Also enhances the leg color and condition. Vitamins and Minerals Vitamins A&D: 1/4 ml IM once every 2-3 weeks in brood stock to improve fertility and hatchability. Vitamin B: Complex 1/2ml IM daily to increase appetite and energy. Tablet and Capsules Vitamins B12: 100mg 1 tablet daily to increase appetite and energy Vitamin K: 250mg 1 tablet daily for 3-5 days. This is a blood coagulatant which helps stop bleeding. Take caution that you don’t over do this because it can be fatal due to completely coagulating the blood and forming blood clots. Cod Liver Oil Capsules: 1 tablet 2-3 times per week, great source of A&D. Solubles Electrolyte Pak: 1tsp per gallon of water for 3-5 days during periods of heat stress or after medicating birds. Help to rehydrate and balances the minerals in blood. ASP Vita-Pak Concentrated vitamins and electrolytes: 1/4tsp per gallon of water for chicks between 1-14 days of life, then 2 or 3 days a week. It can also be added to wet feed. Cod Liver Oil: 1TBLE per gallon of feed once a week for adult fowl as a vitamin A&D supplement. Tek-Trol Concentrate: 1/2 ounce or 1TBLE per gallon of water for disinfecting premises, incubators etc. Red Cell: 1TBLE per gallon of feed; may be combined with 1TBLE cod liver oil or 1TBLE wheat germ oil. How to get and stay parasite free It is necessary to do this on your clean out day when you change the bedding, etc. Mix 4 oz of 10% permethrin into one gallon of water. Lock the hens in the run or let them out to free range and lock them out of the run/hen house. Clean out all bedding thoroughly and remove anything removable (feeders, waterers, removable metal or plastic nest boxes, etc) take those out to the garden hose and use bleach water or a good disinfectant type cleaner. Apply the permethrin spray to all ceilings, walls, roosts, nests, cracks, crevices, holes, etc. at the rate of about one gallon for every 750 square feet. (I use a pump up sprayer) Let the coop air out until dry (a couple of hours in warm breezy weather). Lay in new bedding and top dress with Sevin dust. Replace cleaned and disinfected feeders, waters, nest boxes, etc. That evening when they are on the roost, you should treat them with Ivermectin Pour-On per directions above, 10-14 days later treat them with Valbazen (dosage above). If you do this 1-3 times a year (depending on the parasite load where you live), and keep the coop clean and sanitary; your flock will stay both bug and worm free. The most effective solution of taking care of any outbreak is always to cover all your bases the same day. Other wise you may find yourself running in circles trying to chase the problem.Try doing the above the first of March, and September and then keep a little dust on the bedding all year. Oxine Oxine is known to kill every bacteria, virus, and mold it has ever been tested against and is 200 times more effective than chlorine bleach!!! But one of the most impressive things about Oxine for is that it does it with such relative safety (when used according to label instructions). Environmentally speaking, Oxine actually biodegrades to ordinary table salt. And it is so safe to use on livestock that it is actually approved for use in the drinking water of “organically grown” animals. It keeps the water impressively clear and algae free, while keeping down the bio-film“slime” that tends to develop on the sides of containers. Oxine is used in many commercial operations in the automated drinking lines for poultry. It keeps the bacteria level down in the water lines, prevents bio-film from developing, and keeps the birds healthier by keeping down the pathogen level that could potentially travel from one bird to another. The side benefit for commercial growers is that Oxine makes the drinking water more palatable to the birds and therefore they drink more. This is especially important in layers, but can have a benefit in any operation since it also improves feed conversion. Technically, Oxine Concentrate is a 2% chlorine dioxide gas suspended in an aqueous solution. It is diluted with water to varying degrees depending on how you would like to use it. Since it is a disinfectant and not a drug, it must make direct contact with the pathogen in order to kill it. In the diluted inactivated state, Oxine is perfectly safe to use around both your birds and yourself. Oxine can also be ‘activated’ using citric acid crystals, which “release” more of the available chlorine in the solution, but it is highly discouraged. If you were to activate the product, it is recommended that you wear a NIOSH approved respirator and you would not be able to fog the solution into any area where the birds are present. Without activation, most people are very comfortable with using the product without a respirator or mask, although you should follow whatever precautions you are most comfortable with. The directions below are for INACTIVE Oxine. Active is only for extreme cleaning/disinfection of processing objects and is not safe to use around live animals. For Chickens water: 1/8 tsp per gallon keeps it fresh and slime free. Water reservoir in your incubator: 7 drops per gallon of water in your reservoir stops organism growth in the water. For an egg dip prior to incubation: Always using water warmer than the egg and at the rate of 4 oz/gallon of water. In this case, you would simply dip the egg in the solution and lay it on a clean paper towel to air dry. Sick chickens (especially respiratory issues): 6 oz in a gallon of water. Run 1/2 a gallon of this solution through a humidifier or fogger each evening for 5-10 days straight. To exercise good sanitation, preventive measures, and keep the smell at or near zero in the hen house, run the above solution through a humidifier one evening a week as maintenance (with the birds on the roost, and leave the feeders and waterers in place) To mist chickens directly (useful at shows before they are in the barn with strangers): 6 oz in a gallon of water. This gallon used to refill pint or quart misting bottles. Lightly mist the bird (inclusive of the face) before taking to judging pens.