10 pallets = 1 coop

By TeaChick · Mar 5, 2014 · Updated Sep 3, 2014 · ·
  1. TeaChick

    I met a chicken lady several months ago, when I was looking for a rooster and a brood hen. She was kind enough to help me out with my chicken needs. I told her I'd built a "coop" out of sheet metal roofing. She didn't balk, she didn't criticize, she was very kind to me. She and her husband brought over ten pallets (10 large ones and a small one). She gave me a little advice: build with the pallets upright (long dimension - vertical), and use sheet metal for the roof, and take apart some of the pallets to fill in others.

    I took apart two of the pallets and they allowed me to fill in four others and the small pallet and to fill in the bottom spaces in the pallets on the open sides.
    I used two of the "ribs" of them for roosts.
    I used the small pallet and some of the slats to build a bi-level nesting corner.
    I used hinges from a closet door for the door.
    I used a small tree trunk down the center of the roof.

    I nailed together three of the filled in pallets as the north side. (back)
    I nailed together two of the less filled in pallets as the south side. (front)
    I nailed a filled in pallet inside the east end (b/c that was the most exposed end of the coop).
    I nailed an unfilled in pallet inside the west end.
    I stood up the structure as it was (with some help from my minions). ;-)
    I nailed the two front pallets onto the front of the east end.
    I screwed the last pallet onto the west end of the front.
    I nailed three sheets of metal roofing (about 18" wide and about 8' long) onto a tree my husband had felled.
    My minions and I lifted the roof onto the coop and I nailed the roof to the tops of the ends.
    I lined the front and end, that were not filled in, and the door with chicken wire (hardware cloth).
    I notched two boards such that I had a fixed board on the door with a notch that fit the swiveling notched board that I nailed onto the side of the coop; all this was to secure the door.

    If I had it to do over again, I would make the sides two pallets by two pallets.
    I would make the west end of the filled in pallets and let the east end be more open.
    I would also put the door on the east side of the front instead of on the west side.
    I also need to put a board across the bottom of the doorway to hold the deep litter in, and to keep it from getting between the door and the pallet it's hinged to.

    To build the nesting corner:
    I filled in the half pallet (small pallet) and stood it upright squaring off the corner.
    I cut about three slats in half. I used one across the front of the top level and across the bottom level.
    I filled in the "flooring" of the top level with the rest of the half slats.
    I placed flats from 2 lt soda bottles in the top and bottom as nesting boxes.
    The hens seemed to like this better than the small pallet leaned in the corner of the coop. Also, two hens didn't like having to wait, so I was getting eggs in the middle of the coop; they like having an option when the urge to lay hits them without having to wait. =)

    Please PM me if I've been unclear about anything and I'll be glad to explain and edit. =D

    ETA: I'm sorry I forgot to come in and edit in pictures!!! Here they are:
    I put them on here in the small size; you can click on them to see the large version.
    This is the front; it faces south. To the left is the door. The sheet of metal on the ground in front of the coop is to keep coyotes from digging into it. I slide it across (left) in the evenings to cover the ground along the entire front of the coop.

    This is the solid end; it faces East. I would design the entire coop differently and place it elsewhere if I did it all over again. I'd put it in the East part of the yard, so that side is more protected naturally, and I could have made the West side the solid side.

    This picture shows the "beefing up" that I did. I just nailed slats from other pallets in the spaces between the slats that were on this pallet. I put the wider ones at the top to protect the chickens from the wind and weather better, and I angled them downward, like you would on a roof or with siding. I put the medium width ones on the bottom to give the chickens better protection from predators that might reach into the coop like raccoons, opossums, etc. And just to make this end more protective in general, I did fill in the middle part with narrow slats.

    This is the back; it faces North. Again, you can see where I filled in, but there's plenty of "ventilation". The left is where the roosts are, and the right is where the nesting is (pics further down). You can also see (I think) that there is "ventilation" between the roof and the pallets.

    This is the more open end; it faces West. It's where the door and the nesting area are; this is another situation I would redesign to avoid. The door is open; I don't know if you can tell, but the roof does cover most of the swing of the door, but not all of it. When it rains, I don't open the door all the way, so that the entire top is protected and almost all of the door itself.

    This is a closer shot of the West side. It shows the hardware cloth on the inside (and wrapped around the end pallet, b/c that's the size it was) and the nesting a little and the door closure a little.

    This is the door itself, standing wide open. See the hardware cloth? I didn't do anything to this pallet except the hinges and "latch".

    This shot looks into the coop from outside through the open door. The door's on the right, the blue bucket is Snoodle's nest, the upright mini-pallet left of center is the nesting corner and the tub at the bottom left is for their water, but they knock it over, so there usually isn't water in it.

    Coming into the coop and turning right, you'll see the roosts. (Sorry, I didn't realize that one was down until after I had taken all the pictures; I've got to get the hammer out there and nail it in better.) You can see my "big chicks" (mostly five weeks old, the two larger ones are seven weeks old) pretending to be grown up chickens. lol There's plenty of light coming in the front/south side and there's plenty of ventilation, as well as protection from the wind (which is one of the reasons they're hiding out in there on this day).

    Coming in further and turning around, this is a shot of the nesting corner. The water tub to the lower left, upper and lower levels of nesting for the LF in the middle, and Snoodle's bucket at the bottom. You can also see where I filled in these slats, that's the back of the coop on the right there.

    This is Snoodle's bucket. I leave one egg in there for her, so she knows it's safe for her to lay her eggs there. I have one brick under the front of the bucket and two in front of it, so she has a step up and then down into the bucket to nest. She seems to like it. Her one egg is to the left of center in the bucket, I think it will be more visible in the large version. She's a Bantam.

    This is the bottom level of the nesting corner. You can see the weeds growing up through the end of the pallet on the right (that's the back); there's more light than I'd like coming in the West end of the coop right into the nesting corner, and my hens don't like to lay past about 2pm (that might be b/c of the light, it might have nothing to do with it, I don't know). Two of my six hens lay down here. Chocolate and Goldie, but I leave one egg down here so they know that their eggs are safe and so they'll continue laying here; I've had trouble with them moving nests around b/c of my collecting their eggs before. There's a cut branch in front of the nesting box (which is a plastic flat for 2 lt. soda bottles that I got from the gas station down the street).

    This is the top level. The nest is also a plastic flat for soda bottles. It's sitting on slats from pallets that I cut in half; they're resting on the middle "rib" of the mini-pallet on the left and on one of the back/bottom slats of the pallets that make up the back of the coop. Four of my hens (all three Leghorns and one of the Comets) lay here. You can see I need to add more pine straw. I also put a rod of cut tree branch across the front of this level, so they can fly up onto it and look in before they get in there and lay.

    This is a shot of the under side of the top level of the nesting corner. On the left is the middle "rib" of the mini-pallet across the middle is another piece of pallet that I used to support the halves of slats that support the weight of the soda flat and the hen(s) laying in there.

    This is a shot of the nesting corner. If you look at all the pictures of the nesting corner, you can see that I removed all but the front of the bottom/back slats from the mini-pallet that shades this corner. You can see it in the center of this picture and to the left in the third picture up from here of the lower level and the second one above that of the entire nesting corner.

    This shows the latching mechanism I made for the door. I cut slots in two ends of slats and attached them to the end of the coop and to the door itself.

    This shows how it closes. Sometimes it doesn't stay closed, but the chickens can't open the door to get out and the sheet metal blocks anything being able to get in.

    This shot shows the nail that holds the latch to the end of the coop. It's about two thirds of the way up pretty much in the center of the picture. It's in loosely enough to allow the board to swivel without hitting the hardware cloth, but I used a long nail, so that the nail is in the pallet tightly and the latch isn't likely to fall off.

    This shows one of the closet door hinges I used for the door. Nothing spectacular, just a hinge.

    Other things I'd re-design about this coop is that I would put something under coop to support the weight of the pallets. I would do something as little as placing a board (or brick or cement block) diagonally under each corner to something as extensive as placing boards (or bricks or blocks) under the entire perimeter of the building for support/foundation. It's heavy and fairly solid, so it's not going anywhere in regular weather and it's going to protect the chickens in regular weather. If we got a tornado, I'd be rebuilding more than the chicken coop anyway.
    I would also re-design it to be two pallets by two pallets instead of being one pallet by three pallets. And I would draw my design on paper (even if it's not incredibly accurate or absolutely to scale), to get a better idea of what is really going to be going where and how one area interacts with other areas (like not having the doorway interacting with the nesting area, for instance).
    I hope this helps. Please PM me if I can do anything else to make this easier to understand or if I can help out in any way. =)
    Thank you all for all the interest you've shown so far!!! I hope this helps all of you!!! =)

    ETA (again):
    DH and I had to brace up the back of the coop. For some reason it was beginning to lean backward and we didn't want it to fall down (especially on the chickens)!
    I also added chicken wire above the front center pallet. I had a small hen who was escaping every morning. I don't care that she was getting out; I put the hens in the coop to keep the rooster company and I put the rooster in the coop b/c he starts crowing at 4 am (if he started at sunrise, I'd let him sleep wherever he wanted). Anyway, this henling was getting out, so we were worried about something being able to get in this winter.
    Our greatest concern for our chickens is predation at night in the winter, when food is scarce, so we line "everything" and fill in all gaps with chicken wire. We use safety netting as a temporary stop-gap when we need to.
    Again, please let me know if there are any questions, etc. =)

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Recent User Reviews

  1. paintedChix
    "Great use of resourses!"
    4/5, 4 out of 5, reviewed Jan 2, 2019
    I love pallets. You built a neat little coop. What a great way to do the roof! I have trees all over the place and this past summer I was shown how they could be de-barked & dried (and then protected) to allow them to last much long for many different uses. I may "borrow" that idea! THANK YOU. Also like the way you supported your nesting boxes - again that is an easy "trick" I hadn't thought of...

    You may find, as you get older, that a coop that short is very hard on your back. You can stack the pallets - there are many different ways to attach & support them. For bricks (underneath foundation) - if expense is an issue - make your own! You can combine Quikrete or Portland cement & shredded paper to make blocks and use card board boxes for your forms... Just have to work on the mix to find what ratio of quikrete(or Portland cement)/paper/water works best for set up in your area. If you google papercrete and garden stepping stones, you will find many different ways/recipes for that. Using paper as part of the filler (or even shredded plastic from what ever plastics you use in your household - do need a shredder that will shred plastic) will extend the other that you purchase AND keep both out of the landfill.

    I haven't yet tried to stack pallets - instead we use cattle panel and do hoops for the roofs. I've used these structures as sheds for the past 5 years and just this fall, started using them for building inexpensive, mostly re-cycled products, coops, too.

    Thank you for sharing your great little pallet coop. I love it.
  2. BReeder!
    4/5, 4 out of 5, reviewed Jan 1, 2019
    It sure is creative. Looks simple enough to build. That's a list of ventilation for sure.
  3. Nardo
    "Pallet coop"
    4/5, 4 out of 5, reviewed Jul 2, 2018
    Good example of re-using materials. I think you're right about putting double pallets on either side for walls. I like the tree truck doubling as a roof rafter.


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  1. Americano Blue
    Awesome coop!!!
  2. paintedChix
    I love the way different folks come up with different designs for coops. That is awesome.

    I used 4 pallets to make a temporary feed room at the temporary qtrs for our ponies while waiting between moving out of a leased farmette - 8 acres - and purchasing/closing/moving into a new farm - 21 acres. For the roof, I used two stock panels (the 4 pallets were $2 each, panels were $20 each) and used a 8x10 tarp over the roof. Since it was meant to be temporary, I used haystring and zip ties to attach it all together. for the back, it was set against the stock panel fence and an old wood door was used to make it solid (just fit between the pallets and the fence). The door on the front was part of another panel (short) and then part of another panel (longer) that was zip tied and haystringed such that it could be opened. A snap was used to close the door.

    This enclosure could easily be used to make a coop and chicken wire or hardware cloth attached to keep chix in and predators out and roosts/nesting boxes

    We hung a camping lantern in it for light and also one of those headlamps that use an elastic strap to go around your head. Batteries ran out really fast on the lanterns - didn't get them replaced before we took it apart and moved it. Will be reusing it on the new farm - as a feed room further out from the main feed area for the pony boys - in front of their pasture. Instead of zipties, we will use bolts and fence staples to put it together and probably wire to strap the two panels together for the roof. Will switch to a heavier red or brown tarp for the roof - match our other buildings roofs and last longer than the light weight blue ones. Will still use batter operated laterns/headlamps for light in the dark.

    Here in our county in NC, the landfills & dumps have large fines for removing any "trash" (to include boards, nails, pallets and refrigerators or shelving - things I would reuse). Also, the folks at the gate check to make sure you aren't removing anything...

    I loved your build! I haven't taken any pallets apart yet, but may do that in the future.
  3. gimmie birdies
  4. genesis1verse1
    what is the breed of the rooster in the top pic? I would like to know because my rooster is like his twin and he's a mix. Thanks.
  5. collingwood
    I like it because it looks like an old coop but you just built it!
  6. Sswanee48
    Very clever way to use pallets! I wish I had done that too. People are always giving away pallets around here. Good job and it looks great and the chickens seem to enjoy it too. Congrats!
  7. carlsaSC
    Very practical. My coop and pen is on a concrete slab, so their footing gets very messy. I've used pallets to lift them up so their feet can be dry. Once a year, I remove the pallets, repair any broken slats and shovel out the accumulated compost.
  8. TeaChick
    Thank you so much for the honor of being selected as CC-POW!
    Thank you, everyone, for great comments!!! =)
  9. Almost Broke
    Awesome idea! Thanks for sharing. And thanks for the detailed instructions for us with broken imaginations.
  10. RezChamp
    Again I find myself saying"I love repurposing". I worked at a landfill site for a few years and I'm absolutely flabbergasted at what people throw out, but because of the throw awy society we live in I have built so many sheds and coops/lofts.
    I even recycled old nails. I simply them hammered straight, or more rather "straighter" and even put a point on the dulled ones by hammering against a post mall, very useful tricks I learned from my Pampa. And yes, recycled roofing, asphalt and/or metal.... ...and yes, windows......and doors....

    Pallets are so versatile. Good on ya! Personally I think it's awesome. It wouldn't work be for my winters but for the rest of the year...... Hmmmmmm. There's tons of them at the landfill site...
    It would be nice to give my old chicken yard a rest for the summer.........(new project)

    I had a kennel 20ft wide and 80 feet long. That's 1600 square feet of space.
    I tore it down and made 1 that measured 50x50.
    I still used only the original 200 linear feet of mesh(and even less posts)but got 2500 square feet of space.
    And who says square aint cool. LOL
  11. joannefiddler
    Well done! It's a fine example of something easy to say ..."I'll build a chicken coop out of pallets", but it obviously took lots of hard work and planning. Such lovely surroundings too! You have lucky ladies and a lucky fella.
  12. mfaith694
    I love it!!
  13. snowflake
    love it, functional and almost free, Good job!!
  14. 3goodeggs
    I love that.
    It is functional and darling!
    Thanks for the pictures! and the detailed instructions. (I let my husband do the construction, but now I think I might try my own hand at something.)
  15. Henna56
    the hens look very comfortable-- i built my pet pigs an insulated house out of pallets--economical and easy to build with, love them. I will be building my 2 hens a new coop in spring -- thanks for sharing!
  16. Acornewell
    Very cool! Great use of the pallets!
  17. BYC Project Manager
    Congratulations, we've chosen one of your pics for the CC-POW. Thanks for posting your coop design & pictures to our "Chicken Coops" pages! You can find more info about the CC-POW here: CC-POW Process.
  18. jtbass2756
    I love that you used pallets/pallet wood. When I originally planned mine, I wanted to use pallet wood and build a small one off the ground. A guy from church offered me some 1x10 he had taken from a shed for free. He started it....then quit so I got busy and although it all summer and I went thru Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever.....I finished that thing including the run. !!!!
  19. TeaChick
    Okay, posting pics. Sorry about that!!!
    It took me about 7 to 10 days of work. I couldn't work on it everyday, so I constructed it over the course of about two and a half weeks.
  20. eggspectation
    Yes, pix please.
  21. eggspectation
    How long did it take to finish?
  22. Nevaschickens
    Pics would be awesome!!
  23. valleychicks
    Pictures please.
  24. turtleguy
    If it isn't to much trouble, could we please see some pics?
  25. LadyofBlade42
    Can we see a picture please?

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