Chicken Breed Chart

  1. Hobbley_Farm
    [FONT=comic sans ms,sand]Here are some of the breeds I like to keep. The Following is curtousy of [/FONT][FONT=comic sans ms,sand]Henderson's Chicken Breed Chart[/FONT][FONT=comic sans ms,sand].[/FONT]



    [​IMG]
    Ameraucana
    [​IMG] FS PB club


    Black, Blue, Blue-wheaten, Brown-red, Buff, Silver, Wheaten, & White
    Easter Eggers are common. Standard Ameraucanas are rare.
    88%/8% (EEs/pure) 5.5 lb/2.5 kg

    APA (1984):
    Large
    : All Other Bantam: All Other Clean Legged
    PC: Not recognized
    Layer
    Fancy:
    Muffed, Bearded

    South American. May or may not be genetically related to the Araucana. In pre-Columbian Chile, there are several different blue egg-laying chicken "breeds," none called Araucana. Standardized & accepted into APA in 1984. Most hatcheries, however, sell Easter Egg chickens with mixed breeding that may lay blue, green (or other colored) eggs, but do not conform to standard.
    [​IMG]

    various
    shades
    of blue
    &
    blue-
    green​
    pea white with slate colored shanks redgood brooder very cold hardy moderately early maturing
    well adaptable to confinement or free range; mostly calm, non-aggressive
    [personality of mongrel Easter Eggers is widely varied: some aloof; others very friendly & easily handled.]

    The chipmunky blue-egger.​

    medium​


    Australorp or
    Black Australorp
    [​IMG] FS OK Om PP AR box GO

    Black, only (standard); also blue & white
    Common
    88% Standard:
    6.5 lb/2.9 kg
    Bantam:
    2 lb/0.9 kg

    APA (1929):
    Large
    : English Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
    PC: Soft Feather Heavy
    Dual Purpose

    Developed in 20th century in Australia, primarily from the Orpington. Gained notoriety when one hen in the 1920s laid a record 364 eggs in 365 days. That performance has never been matched by subsequent Australorps.
    [​IMG]

    brown​
    medium
    single
    white skin,
    dark shanks
    red
    good brooder; good mother very hardy; very cold hardy early maturingwell adaptable to confinement or free range; quiet, docile, easily handled


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    Brahma
    [​IMG] FS OK Om AR PP box GO PB club

    Light, Dark, Buff
    Less common.
    48%/20% (light/all other) Standard:
    9 lb/4.1 kg
    Bantam:
    2.6 lb/1.2 kg

    APA (1874):
    Large
    :Asiatic Bantam: Feather Legged
    PC: Soft feather Heavy
    [​IMG]
    Dual Purpose
    [formerly Meat]
    Fancy:
    Feather Footed, outside only

    Introduced from China in mid-19th century. The largest breed at the time. Before the name Brahma was settled on, they were also called Chittagongs, Shanghais (as were the Cochins), and Brahmapootras.
    [​IMG]

    brown​
    pea yellow skin &
    shanks red
    good brooder robust; very hardy in heat & cold slow to matureadaptable to confinement or free range; mostly gentle; can be easied handled, but also standoffish; has a tendency toward fatness

    Large and regal.​

    medium​


    Cochin
    [​IMG] FS OK Om AR PP box GO PB club

    Buff, White, Black, & Partridge
    Still popular as a show bird.
    64% Standard:
    8.5 lb/3.8 kg
    Bantam (aka Pekin):
    1.3 lb/.6 kg


    APA (1874):
    Large
    : Asiatic Bantam: Feather Legged
    PC: Soft feather Heavy
    Fancy:
    Feather Footed, fully

    Introduced from China in early 19th century. Originally known as the Shanghai (a name also used for the Brahma). The breed that launched interest in poultry shows. Pekins are recognized as a separate bantam breed in some countries, rather than as bantam Cochins.
    [​IMG]
    tinted or
    yellowy
    brown
    small single yellow skin & shanks redexcellent brooder;
    good mother;
    excellent foster mother robust, cold hardy slow to mature
    well adaptable to confinement or free range; peaceful, friendly, easily handled

    Big ball of fluff and feathers.​

    small​


    Dominique
    or Dominiker
    [​IMG] FS OK GO PP club

    Barred only
    Rare, but now has new interest.
    52% 5 lb/2.2 kg

    APA (1874):
    Large
    : American Bantam: Rose Comb Clean Legged
    PC: Soft Feather
    Heavy, Rare
    [​IMG]
    Dual Purpose

    Developed in New England in early 19th century. Not distinguished from the Barred Rock until APA Standards were developed. Most modern Dominques may be traced to stock developed by A. Q. Carter after 1900.
    [​IMG]

    brown​

    [​IMG]
    rose yellow skin &
    shanks red
    good brooder; good mother robust; cold hardy early maturingwell adaptable to confinement or free range; calm mostly, but more flighty than other dual purpose breeds

    Claimant to title "America's first breed."​

    medium​


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    Jersey Giant
    [​IMG] FS OK Om PP box GO

    Black, White
    Uncommon. Was in decline, but now seems to be holding its own.
    56%/28% (black/all other) 10 lb/4.6 kg

    APA (1922):
    Large
    : American Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
    PC: Heavy, Rare
    Dual Purpose
    [formerly Meat]

    Developed in New Jersey in 1870s. Never commercially popular, but bird of choice for capons
    [​IMG]

    brown​

    [​IMG]
    small
    single yellow skin,
    dark shanks red
    good brooder;
    protective mother robust; very cold hardy very slow to mature
    because of size, not an economical eater; adaptable to confinement or free range; calm, gentle, easily handled

    The chicken world's largest breed.​

    medium to large​


    [​IMG]
    Leghorn
    [​IMG] FS OK Om AR PP box GO PB RF club

    Dark Brown, Light Brown, White, Buff, Black, Silver, Red, Black-Tailed Red, Columbian
    Common.
    84%/80%/32% white/brown/all other Standard:
    4.5 lb/2 kg
    Bantam:
    1.75 lb/0.8 kg

    APA (1874):
    Large
    : Mediterranean Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
    PC: Soft Feather Light
    [​IMG]
    Layer

    Ancient, but greatly developed in 19th & 20th centuries. Honored by the Romans, and the white variety was reportedly developed for use in ceremony and foretelling the future. One of the most popular birds around the globe.

    [​IMG]
    pearl
    white
    (non-white feathered varieties are less prolific.)​
    large
    single;
    also rose yellow skin &
    shanks white
    non-setter hardy; heat tolerant (esc. white variety); combs subject to frostbite very early maturingeconomical eater; better adaptable to confinement then some Mediterranean; enjoys free range; flyer; flighty; spritely, noisy, nervous, usually avoids human contact

    The ultimate egg machine.​

    medium to large
    [commercial whites' are especially large]​


    [​IMG]
    New Hampshire or New Hampshire Red
    [​IMG] FS OK Om PPbox GO

    Light brownish red, only
    Fairly common
    72% Standard:
    6.5 lb/2.9 kg
    Bantam:
    1.9 lb/0.85 kg

    APA (1935):
    Large
    : American Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
    PC: Heavy, Rare
    [​IMG]
    Dual Purpose

    Developed in New Hamphire from the Rhode Island Red in early 20th century.
    [​IMG]

    light to
    medium
    dark brown​

    [​IMG]
    large
    single yellow skin &
    shanks red
    good brooder & mother robust; hardy in heat & cold;
    combs subject to frostbite very early maturing
    well adaptable to confinement or free range; calm, can be friendly or aggressive

    New Hampshire's answer to Rhode Island.​

    large​


    [​IMG]
    Orpington
    [​IMG] FS OK Om AR PP box GO

    Buff, Black, Blue, White
    Only buffs are still popular.
    88%/8% (buff/all other) Standard:
    8 lb/3.6 kg
    Bantam:
    2.2 lb/1 kg

    APA (1902):
    Large
    : English Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
    PC: Soft Feather Heavy
    Dual Purpose
    [formerly Meat]

    Originally developed by William Cook in Orpington (County Kent) the 1880s. Some varieties developed by his daughter.
    [​IMG]

    brown​

    [​IMG]
    single white skin &
    white or dark shanks red
    good brooder;
    excellent mother hardy; very cold hardy moderately early maturing
    adaptable to free range; very adaptable to confinement; docile; affectionate, easily handled; can be bullied

    Big friendly bird.​

    medium to large​


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    Plymouth Rock
    [​IMG] FS OK Om ARPP box GO club

    Barred, White, Buff, Silver Penciled, Partridge, Columbian, Blue
    Popular
    96%/84%/52%/32% (barred/white/prtg/all other) Standard:
    7.5 lb/3.4 kg
    Bantam:
    2.2 lb/1 kg


    APA (1874):
    Large: American Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
    PC: Soft Feather Heavy
    [​IMG]
    Dual Purpose

    Developed in New England in 19th century.
    Once common on the homestead, still popular in the backyard.
    [​IMG]

    light (or pinkish) to
    medium
    brown​

    [​IMG]
    small
    single yellow skin &
    shanks red
    broods, but infrequently; good mother robust; very cold hardy somewhat early maturingwell adaptable to confinement or free range; docile, friendly, easily handled

    Once upon a time America's favorite breed.​

    large​


    Polish or
    Poland
    [​IMG] FS OK Om AR PP

    Bearded & Beardless; Black, White, Golden, Silver, Buff Laced
    Popular as a show bird.
    56% 4-4.5 lb/1.8-2 kg

    APA (1874):
    Large
    : Continental
    Bantam: All Other Clean Legged
    PC: Soft Feather Light
    Fancy:
    Crested

    Originated in Europe, but probably not Poland, before the 16th century. Once known for good egg production, now almost strictly ornamental.

    varies widely​
    [​IMG]

    to​
    [​IMG]
    white
    small V white skin,
    blue shanks white
    non-setter some subject to health problems;
    because of fancy feathering,
    not suited for foul weather;
    | may have problems with
    freezing crest feathers;
    special care may be needed
    since plumage blocks vision
    bears confinement well; mixed reports of being calm, quiet; obstructed vision can hinder some activities; can be bullied

    Perhaps the oldest of the crested breeds.​

    small​


    [​IMG]
    Rhode Island
    [​IMG] FS OK AL Om AR PP box club

    Rhode Island Red & Rhode Island White
    (two separate breeds)
    Popular, but purebreds are uncommon.
    68%/44%/28% (production/red/white) Standard:
    6.5 lb/2.9 kg
    Bantam:
    2 lb/0.9 kg

    APA (1904/1922): Large: American Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
    PC: Soft Feather Heavy
    Dual Purpose

    Developed in New England in 19th century.
    [​IMG]

    rich
    medium
    brown​

    [​IMG]
    large
    single;
    also rose yellow skin &
    shanks red
    broods infrequently;
    can be dutiful mother robust; hardy in heat & cold;
    combs subject to frostbite moderately early maturing
    well adaptable to confinement or free range; active, calm & fairly docile, can be aggressive (cocks are especially notorious)

    Best of breeds for producing brown eggs.​

    large​


    [​IMG]
    Wyandotte
    [​IMG] FS OK Om AR PP box GO PB

    Silver Laced, Golden Laced, White, Buff, Partridge, Silvered Penciled, Columbian
    Popular.
    92%/64%/24% (slver/gold/all other) Standard:
    6.5 lb/2.9 kg
    Bantam:
    2.2 lb/1 kg

    APA (1883):
    Large
    : American Bantam: Rose Comb Clean Legged
    PC: Soft Feather Heavy
    [​IMG]
    Dual Purpose

    Developed in New York State & Wisconsin in late 19th century.
    [​IMG]

    light
    to rich
    brown​

    [​IMG]
    rose yellow skin &
    shanks red
    broods, but infrequently;
    excellent mother robust; very cold hardy moderately early maturing
    well adaptable to confinement or free range; calm, industrious, usually docile, but can be aggressive; some are aloof, others friendly

    The "bird of curves."​

    large​

    I prefer to keep half my personal stock as breeds that lay in the winter. My family can eat up to 3 dozen eggs a week! Keeping egg production going in the winter keeps everyone happy.
    For more information on different breeds please visit http://www.ithaca.edu/staff/jhenderson/chooks/chooks.html.

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