[FONT=comic sans ms,sand]Here are some of the breeds I like to keep. The Following is curtousy of [/FONT][FONT=comic sans ms,sand]Henderson's Chicken Breed Chart[/FONT][FONT=comic sans ms,sand].[/FONT]


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Ameraucana
FS PB club


Black, Blue, Blue-wheaten, Brown-red, Buff, Silver, Wheaten, & White
Easter Eggers are common. Standard Ameraucanas are rare.
88%/8% (EEs/pure) 5.5 lb/2.5 kg

APA (1984):
Large
: All Other Bantam: All Other Clean Legged
PC: Not recognized
Layer
Fancy:
Muffed, Bearded

South American. May or may not be genetically related to the Araucana. In pre-Columbian Chile, there are several different blue egg-laying chicken "breeds," none called Araucana. Standardized & accepted into APA in 1984. Most hatcheries, however, sell Easter Egg chickens with mixed breeding that may lay blue, green (or other colored) eggs, but do not conform to standard.
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various
shades
of blue
&
blue-
green​
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pea white with slate colored shanks redgood brooder very cold hardy moderately early maturing
well adaptable to confinement or free range; mostly calm, non-aggressive
[personality of mongrel Easter Eggers is widely varied: some aloof; others very friendly & easily handled.]

The chipmunky blue-egger.​

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Australorp or
Black Australorp
FS OK Om PP AR box GO

Black, only (standard); also blue & white
Common
88% Standard:
6.5 lb/2.9 kg
Bantam:
2 lb/0.9 kg

APA (1929):
Large
: English Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
PC: Soft Feather Heavy
Dual Purpose

Developed in 20th century in Australia, primarily from the Orpington. Gained notoriety when one hen in the 1920s laid a record 364 eggs in 365 days. That performance has never been matched by subsequent Australorps.
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brown​
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medium
single
white skin,
dark shanks
red
good brooder; good mother very hardy; very cold hardy early maturingwell adaptable to confinement or free range; quiet, docile, easily handled
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Brahma
FS OK Om AR PP box GO PB club

Light, Dark, Buff
Less common.
48%/20% (light/all other) Standard:
9 lb/4.1 kg
Bantam:
2.6 lb/1.2 kg

APA (1874):
Large
:Asiatic Bantam: Feather Legged
PC: Soft feather Heavy

Dual Purpose
[formerly Meat]
Fancy:
Feather Footed, outside only

Introduced from China in mid-19th century. The largest breed at the time. Before the name Brahma was settled on, they were also called Chittagongs, Shanghais (as were the Cochins), and Brahmapootras.
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brown​
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pea yellow skin &
shanks red
good brooder robust; very hardy in heat & cold slow to matureadaptable to confinement or free range; mostly gentle; can be easied handled, but also standoffish; has a tendency toward fatness

Large and regal.​

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Cochin
FS OK Om AR PP box GO PB club

Buff, White, Black, & Partridge
Still popular as a show bird.
64% Standard:
8.5 lb/3.8 kg
Bantam (aka Pekin):
1.3 lb/.6 kg


APA (1874):
Large
: Asiatic Bantam: Feather Legged
PC: Soft feather Heavy
Fancy:
Feather Footed, fully

Introduced from China in early 19th century. Originally known as the Shanghai (a name also used for the Brahma). The breed that launched interest in poultry shows. Pekins are recognized as a separate bantam breed in some countries, rather than as bantam Cochins.
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tinted or
yellowy
brown
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small single yellow skin & shanks redexcellent brooder;
good mother;
excellent foster mother robust, cold hardy slow to mature
well adaptable to confinement or free range; peaceful, friendly, easily handled

Big ball of fluff and feathers.​

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Dominique
or Dominiker
FS OK GO PP club

Barred only
Rare, but now has new interest.
52% 5 lb/2.2 kg

APA (1874):
Large
: American Bantam: Rose Comb Clean Legged
PC: Soft Feather
Heavy, Rare

Dual Purpose

Developed in New England in early 19th century. Not distinguished from the Barred Rock until APA Standards were developed. Most modern Dominques may be traced to stock developed by A. Q. Carter after 1900.
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brown​

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rose yellow skin &
shanks red
good brooder; good mother robust; cold hardy early maturingwell adaptable to confinement or free range; calm mostly, but more flighty than other dual purpose breeds

Claimant to title "America's first breed."​

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Jersey Giant
FS OK Om PP box GO

Black, White
Uncommon. Was in decline, but now seems to be holding its own.
56%/28% (black/all other) 10 lb/4.6 kg

APA (1922):
Large
: American Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
PC: Heavy, Rare
Dual Purpose
[formerly Meat]

Developed in New Jersey in 1870s. Never commercially popular, but bird of choice for capons
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brown​

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small
single yellow skin,
dark shanks red
good brooder;
protective mother robust; very cold hardy very slow to mature
because of size, not an economical eater; adaptable to confinement or free range; calm, gentle, easily handled

The chicken world's largest breed.​

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Leghorn
FS OK Om AR PP box GO PB RF club

Dark Brown, Light Brown, White, Buff, Black, Silver, Red, Black-Tailed Red, Columbian
Common.
84%/80%/32% white/brown/all other Standard:
4.5 lb/2 kg
Bantam:
1.75 lb/0.8 kg

APA (1874):
Large
: Mediterranean Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
PC: Soft Feather Light

Layer

Ancient, but greatly developed in 19th & 20th centuries. Honored by the Romans, and the white variety was reportedly developed for use in ceremony and foretelling the future. One of the most popular birds around the globe.


pearl
white
(non-white feathered varieties are less prolific.)​
large
single;
also rose yellow skin &
shanks white
non-setter hardy; heat tolerant (esc. white variety); combs subject to frostbite very early maturingeconomical eater; better adaptable to confinement then some Mediterranean; enjoys free range; flyer; flighty; spritely, noisy, nervous, usually avoids human contact

The ultimate egg machine.​

medium to large
[commercial whites' are especially large]​
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New Hampshire or New Hampshire Red
FS OK Om PPbox GO

Light brownish red, only
Fairly common
72% Standard:
6.5 lb/2.9 kg
Bantam:
1.9 lb/0.85 kg

APA (1935):
Large
: American Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
PC: Heavy, Rare

Dual Purpose

Developed in New Hamphire from the Rhode Island Red in early 20th century.
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light to
medium
dark brown​

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large
single yellow skin &
shanks red
good brooder & mother robust; hardy in heat & cold;
combs subject to frostbite very early maturing
well adaptable to confinement or free range; calm, can be friendly or aggressive

New Hampshire's answer to Rhode Island.​

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Orpington
FS OK Om AR PP box GO

Buff, Black, Blue, White
Only buffs are still popular.
88%/8% (buff/all other) Standard:
8 lb/3.6 kg
Bantam:
2.2 lb/1 kg

APA (1902):
Large
: English Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
PC: Soft Feather Heavy
Dual Purpose
[formerly Meat]

Originally developed by William Cook in Orpington (County Kent) the 1880s. Some varieties developed by his daughter.
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brown​

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single white skin &
white or dark shanks red
good brooder;
excellent mother hardy; very cold hardy moderately early maturing
adaptable to free range; very adaptable to confinement; docile; affectionate, easily handled; can be bullied

Big friendly bird.​

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Plymouth Rock
FS OK Om ARPP box GO club

Barred, White, Buff, Silver Penciled, Partridge, Columbian, Blue
Popular
96%/84%/52%/32% (barred/white/prtg/all other) Standard:
7.5 lb/3.4 kg
Bantam:
2.2 lb/1 kg


APA (1874):
Large: American Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
PC: Soft Feather Heavy

Dual Purpose

Developed in New England in 19th century.
Once common on the homestead, still popular in the backyard.
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light (or pinkish) to
medium
brown​

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small
single yellow skin &
shanks red
broods, but infrequently; good mother robust; very cold hardy somewhat early maturingwell adaptable to confinement or free range; docile, friendly, easily handled

Once upon a time America's favorite breed.​

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Polish or
Poland
FS OK Om AR PP

Bearded & Beardless; Black, White, Golden, Silver, Buff Laced
Popular as a show bird.
56% 4-4.5 lb/1.8-2 kg

APA (1874):
Large
: Continental
Bantam: All Other Clean Legged
PC: Soft Feather Light
Fancy:
Crested

Originated in Europe, but probably not Poland, before the 16th century. Once known for good egg production, now almost strictly ornamental.
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varies widely​

to​

white
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small V white skin,
blue shanks white
non-setter some subject to health problems;
because of fancy feathering,
not suited for foul weather;
| may have problems with
freezing crest feathers;
special care may be needed
since plumage blocks vision
bears confinement well; mixed reports of being calm, quiet; obstructed vision can hinder some activities; can be bullied

Perhaps the oldest of the crested breeds.​

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Rhode Island
FS OK AL Om AR PP box club

Rhode Island Red & Rhode Island White
(two separate breeds)
Popular, but purebreds are uncommon.
68%/44%/28% (production/red/white) Standard:
6.5 lb/2.9 kg
Bantam:
2 lb/0.9 kg

APA (1904/1922): Large: American Bantam: Single Comb Clean Legged
PC: Soft Feather Heavy
Dual Purpose

Developed in New England in 19th century.
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rich
medium
brown​

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large
single;
also rose yellow skin &
shanks red
broods infrequently;
can be dutiful mother robust; hardy in heat & cold;
combs subject to frostbite moderately early maturing
well adaptable to confinement or free range; active, calm & fairly docile, can be aggressive (cocks are especially notorious)

Best of breeds for producing brown eggs.​

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Wyandotte
FS OK Om AR PP box GO PB

Silver Laced, Golden Laced, White, Buff, Partridge, Silvered Penciled, Columbian
Popular.
92%/64%/24% (slver/gold/all other) Standard:
6.5 lb/2.9 kg
Bantam:
2.2 lb/1 kg

APA (1883):
Large
: American Bantam: Rose Comb Clean Legged
PC: Soft Feather Heavy

Dual Purpose

Developed in New York State & Wisconsin in late 19th century.
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light
to rich
brown​

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rose yellow skin &
shanks red
broods, but infrequently;
excellent mother robust; very cold hardy moderately early maturing
well adaptable to confinement or free range; calm, industrious, usually docile, but can be aggressive; some are aloof, others friendly

The "bird of curves."​

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I prefer to keep half my personal stock as breeds that lay in the winter. My family can eat up to 3 dozen eggs a week! Keeping egg production going in the winter keeps everyone happy.
For more information on different breeds please visit http://www.ithaca.edu/staff/jhenderson/chooks/chooks.html.