I'm trying to sort out the South American derivative birds I've been working with for the past few years. I use the term "South American" quite loosely since it's a very big place, innumerably fragmented by environmental, cultural, and social situations which have shifted dramatically and abruptly at times. My plan is to use this Member Page to accumulate related resources and my thoughts on the matter. It's going to grow over time. -Alison
Here's a basic map of the broad ecosystems in South America. This is relevant because the working theory is that different chicken varieties were developed by indigenous peoples in a survival of the fittest fashion within narrow ecological niches.
I found this awesome map of who was living where prior to the Europeans arriving in South America. It was embedded on this blog but I'm going to try to find the original source. (If the blog disappears, I've also squirreled it away for offline reference.... )
June 3, 2014
I found a 2012 article summarizing genetic research on native Colombian birds. They've found 3 distinct varieties.
QUOTE: “The Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA) clearly showed three groups of native chickens, each one with particular traits. The first group is comprised of individuals from the Dubasa River in the Province of Chocó, the second with animals from PuertoMeluc and Bahía Solano, and the last from birds coming from the Provinces of Putumayo, Nariño and Valle del Cauca”, adds Professor Álvarez.