- Breed Purpose:
- Dual Purpose
- Climate Tolerance:
- All Climates
- Egg Productivity:
- Egg Size:
- Egg Color:
- Breed Temperament:
- Friendly, Calm, Quiet, Docile
- Breed Colors/Varieties:
- The Java can be found in black, white and mottled. Pictures courtesy of Chickndaddy.
- Breed Size:
- Large Fowl
The Java breed, which shares a name with the island of Java, was developed in the U.S. from chickens of unknown Asian extraction. It is one of the oldest American chickens, forming the basis for many other breeds, but is critically endangered today. The Java breed is the second oldest American breed, after the Dominique. The breed was first mentioned in print in 1835, but it is thought to have been present well before this time.
The Java breed was first recognized officially by acceptance into the APA's Standard of Perfection in 1883. The white, black, and mottled varieties were all originally described in the Standard, but the white was removed in 1910, because it was thought to be too similar to the White Plymouth Rock. The white variety eventually disappeared in the 1950s. There was also an Auburn variety, which was the basis for the Rhode Island Red, but it disappeared by1870.
With its dual purpose, great foraging, great laying, friendly and docile temperament, the Java is perfect for the small backyard flock.
For more information on this breed and their owners' and breeders' experiences with them, see our breed discussion here: https://www.backyardchickens.com/threads/chicken-breed-focus-java.1096818/
Chicken Breed Info:
Breed Purpose: Dual Purpose
Climate Tolerance: All Climates
General Egg Info:
Egg Productivity: Medium
Egg Size: Large
Egg Color: Brown
Breed Colors / Varieties:
The Java can be found in black, white and mottled. Pictures courtesy of Chickndaddy.
Black Javas has black legs with yellow soles of the feet whereas the White Java has yellow legs. It is interesting to note that the Java's single comb is a symbol of the purity of its bloodline. The comb should not have a point to far forward on the comb, it should be located above the eye. This point placement also indicates that the single combed bird came from a pea-comb origin. The are noted to have a rectangular shape like the Rhode Island Red with a very long broad back that slopes and deep breast. Hens can weigh 6 1/2 lbs - 7 1/2 lbs and the roosters can weigh over 9 lbs. **Pictures Pending**
Recent User Reviews
"I love Mottled Javas"
Pros - Nice disposition, quiet birds
Cons - Haven't found any cons yet
For the same effort of keeping chickens, I wanted to make a difference with an endangered variety. Mottled Javas are my first chickens and I love them already. They are calm and beautiful.
"Big, friendly bird"
Pros - Docile, easy to catch, good layer, large eggs, good brooder
Cons - Couldn't be dissuaded from brooding when she wanted to do it!
We bought our Mottled Java (Goose, because she has a long neck and squawks like one) as an adult hen, and she's been a great flock addition! A good layer and a very good mother after she went broody. Her kids are 6 weeks old now and she started laying again, but she still lets them hang out with her when they want and they continue to roost together.
She also was persistent (and very docile) in making friends with our Dominique alpha (Lady Cluck) who lost her own broodmates and wasn't keen on meeting new chickens at first. But she came around.
(Goose, right, with her chicks, just learning to roost. At left are the two mix breed pullets (left to right, Sparra and Slush (who isn't loving having a chick on her back)) who we got at the same time as her.)
"Pretty but slow"
Pros - Large, rare, handsome
Cons - Kind of stupid, slow, susceptible to predators
I've had black Javas several times but I'm not going to try them again because they do not survive in my free-range environment. You'd think they'd do well because they're so dark, but somehow I've had 100% death with them. The black Australorpes, on the other hand, are good survivors.