Average User Rating:
  • Breed Purpose:
    Dual Purpose
    Climate Tolerance:
    All Climates
    Egg Productivity:
    Egg Size:
    Egg Color:
    Breed Temperament:
    Friendly, Calm, Quiet, Docile
    Breed Colors/Varieties:
    The Java can be found in black, white and mottled. Pictures courtesy of Chickndaddy.
    Breed Size:
    Large Fowl

    The Java breed, which shares a name with the island of Java, was developed in the U.S. from chickens of unknown Asian extraction. It is one of the oldest American chickens, forming the basis for many other breeds, but is critically endangered today. The Java breed is the second oldest American breed, after the Dominique. The breed was first mentioned in print in 1835, but it is thought to have been present well before this time.

    The Java breed was first recognized officially by acceptance into the APA's Standard of Perfection in 1883. The white, black, and mottled varieties were all originally described in the Standard, but the white was removed in 1910, because it was thought to be too similar to the White Plymouth Rock. The white variety eventually disappeared in the 1950s. There was also an Auburn variety, which was the basis for the Rhode Island Red, but it disappeared by1870.

    With its dual purpose, great foraging, great laying, friendly and docile temperament, the Java is perfect for the small backyard flock.

    Java chicks

    Java juvenile

    Java hen

    Java rooster

    For more information on this breed and their owners' and breeders' experiences with them, see our breed discussion here:
  • 75adcf56_StudlyDudly.jpeg 92175872_java-7630-991323.jpeg 79877342_java-7630-377235.jpeg 4a3e69eb_java-7630-883389.jpeg 47b3704b_172115022LL.jpeg 044a809a_5704949.jpeg 81e9ecba_1549704050LL.jpeg 9b2c54f7_1038554493LL.jpeg 1e5cdb85_385774519LL.jpeg c8bf489e_Cockerel5moold.jpeg 89e2a8b6_Javababiesfeet.jpeg d0678fb0_Javachicks2.jpeg 2559f051_JavaPhotos001.jpeg b7210274_Apples012.jpeg 4e51c2e6_JavaPhotos004.jpeg fb52fe9f_JavaPhotos006.jpeg 57c9b593_JavaPhotos010.jpeg 560595df_Javalighteyes002.jpeg 909709fc_5704181.jpeg 40776534_IMG_0029.jpeg 56cf86c1_IMG_9721.jpeg

  • Chicken Breed Info:
    Breed Purpose:
    Dual Purpose
    Comb: Single
    Broodiness: Average
    Climate Tolerance: All Climates

    General Egg Info:
    Egg Productivity:
    Egg Size: Large
    Egg Color: Brown

    Breed Temperament:

    Breed Colors / Varieties:
    The Java can be found in black, white and mottled. Pictures courtesy of Chickndaddy.
    Breed Details:
    Black Javas has black legs with yellow soles of the feet whereas the White Java has yellow legs. It is interesting to note that the Java's single comb is a symbol of the purity of its bloodline. The comb should not have a point to far forward on the comb, it should be located above the eye. This point placement also indicates that the single combed bird came from a pea-comb origin. The are noted to have a rectangular shape like the Rhode Island Red with a very long broad back that slopes and deep breast. Hens can weigh 6 1/2 lbs - 7 1/2 lbs and the roosters can weigh over 9 lbs. **Pictures Pending**






BlackHackle likes this.

Recent User Reviews

  1. Aji Dulce
    "I love Mottled Javas"
    Pros - Nice disposition, quiet birds
    Cons - Haven't found any cons yet
    For the same effort of keeping chickens, I wanted to make a difference with an endangered variety. Mottled Javas are my first chickens and I love them already. They are calm and beautiful.
    Purchase Price:
    Purchase Date:
    March 6, 2018
    BlackHackle likes this.
  2. Swiftbow
    "Big, friendly bird"
    Pros - Docile, easy to catch, good layer, large eggs, good brooder
    Cons - Couldn't be dissuaded from brooding when she wanted to do it!
    We bought our Mottled Java (Goose, because she has a long neck and squawks like one) as an adult hen, and she's been a great flock addition! A good layer and a very good mother after she went broody. Her kids are 6 weeks old now and she started laying again, but she still lets them hang out with her when they want and they continue to roost together.

    She also was persistent (and very docile) in making friends with our Dominique alpha (Lady Cluck) who lost her own broodmates and wasn't keen on meeting new chickens at first. But she came around.
    (Goose, right, with her chicks, just learning to roost. At left are the two mix breed pullets (left to right, Sparra and Slush (who isn't loving having a chick on her back)) who we got at the same time as her.)
    BlackHackle, Aji Dulce and JavaLady like this.
  3. janepeppler
    "Pretty but slow"
    Pros - Large, rare, handsome
    Cons - Kind of stupid, slow, susceptible to predators
    I've had black Javas several times but I'm not going to try them again because they do not survive in my free-range environment. You'd think they'd do well because they're so dark, but somehow I've had 100% death with them. The black Australorpes, on the other hand, are good survivors.

User Comments

To post comments, simply sign up and become a member!
  1. rlhagan56
    I love my Mottled Java so much I'm thinking of getting more and selling my lavender Ameraucana. Beautiful, calm, large birds with excellent laying!
  2. Abriana
    These are such pretty birds! Look a little like Austrolorps, which i love.
      Aji Dulce likes this.
  3. Life is Good!
    These original hens are now 5yrs old and still laying very well - daily in fact. They proved to be excellent mothers, with nearly every hen going broody at some point during the spring and early summer. While molting, their lay rate decreases greatly - but that is to be expected.

    The flock has expanded to where I'm getting a dozen eggs a day from more or less 20 layers (layers - broodies - molting hens = number of active layers).

    We're on Roaster #5, as we switch out roasters annually so that no hen is related to any particular cockerel. I return to Garfield Farm Museum to their Rare Breed Show to obtain new chicks - chicks are now a bit more expensive, as their breeding program gets better and better.

    I am still awed by these terrific hens. Mostly friendly (some bashful) but no mean hen around...unless she's broody and being picked on by other hens. Roasters have proven to be easy-going and typically not hard on the hens, although their favorites still show signs of feather-wear. I HIGHLY recommend these hens!
      Aji Dulce likes this.
  4. darina
    I love what you listed as a "con."
  5. Sylvester017
    I have free-ranged in our yard a Marans, a couple Leghorns, an Ameraucana (my avatar) and a couple Silkies and we have a chicken hawk (Cooper's Hawk) and Red-tailed Hawk that come around the neighborhood. In 3 years we haven't lost one chicken, even the so-called predator-bait breeds (Silkies). What we've done to predator-proof from aerial stalkers is to set up several low-to-the-ground shelters like plywood planks on cinderblocks, benches, a couple large recycled doghouses, a pop-up canopy, an old wheelbarrow, and some stickery evergreen, rose, and berry bushes for the chickens to dive/snooze under so they aren't in a very open yard for a predator to swoop down on them. Open areas are where the predators want to hunt the running chickens so we've set up these scattered shelters so there are no really open areas to invite aerial attacks. We and all our neighbors have chopped down our old trees so the hawks can't sit in them to watch the poultry. People say certain breeds are predator bait but you can't get more gentle than our Silkies but they are savvy enough to sound barnyard alerts and dive for the nearest shelters. I once saw 4 hens dive into a doghouse after a hawk alert! Hawks prefer aerial swooping and won't go after a hiding hen even if she's only 5 feet away hiding in a bush or doghouse - darnedest thing I ever saw.
      Aji Dulce likes this.
  6. hellbender
    If I didn't already have a full plate...But no charge for looking.
      Aji Dulce likes this.
  7. tripleG
    I have 2 Java chicks. They are moltted. They do seem very sweet and get handle a lot..very excited to have them
      Aji Dulce likes this.
    1. Aji Dulce
      I love Mottled Javas and I agree! 10 chicks 8 wks old now and they're huge, handsome birds.
      Aji Dulce, May 3, 2018
  8. laura877
    I got 10 chicks last year from my daughter....6 roos and 4 hens. I lost a few and ended up with 2 hens and 2 roos as breed quality keepers. The last roo I butchered at 22 weeks and he was over 6 lbs dressed out. They were June 2011 babies and both hens started laying at 5 mos. I found them to be very quiet hens. I very seldon hear a peek out of them all day. They also lay late in the day.s
      Aji Dulce likes this.
    1. Aji Dulce
      Good to know that they lay late in the day... I'm new to chickens anyway so it lets me know what to expect.
      Aji Dulce, May 3, 2018

BackYard Chickens is proudly sponsored by: