Can humans get lice from chickens? Yesterday I discovered lice in my boy's hair. This is my first encounter with head lice. I cannot figure out where they got them and I may never know. A friend mentioned that chicken have lice. I've read on the net that this is true but I don't know whether they can transfer to humans or not. My boys really love our chickens, almost as much as the cats and dog. I'd hate to have to change the way they play with them. Please note that I make them wash their hands after they play with them.