How long will a hen raise her chicks?

Jchicken311

Chirping
5 Years
Feb 23, 2014
193
9
71
Texas
Today my broody is watching over her new babies and I just wanted to know how long will she raise them until she starts to leave them on their own?

Thanks in advance
 

Hholly

Songster
Jul 3, 2015
1,332
242
206
Amo, IN
They can range quite a lot. I've heard that some care for them until 4 weeks or more on average. I had a hen I had to break from mothering at 11 weeks, because she was overly aggressive in protecting them still.
 

Farmgirl47

Songster
Jul 12, 2015
343
255
161
God's Green Earth
I agree with @Hholly , it varies. One of my hens abandoned her chicks when they were only one week old. But mine usually care for their chicks for two months, but some have for as long as three and a half months.
 

Jchicken311

Chirping
5 Years
Feb 23, 2014
193
9
71
Texas
I guess I will find out
lol.png
, thanks for the info. Just out of curiosity how did you break her from mothering?
 

Hholly

Songster
Jul 3, 2015
1,332
242
206
Amo, IN
I separated her for about 10 days. She stayed in a dog crate in the garage. When I reintroduced her, she was still dominant, but she quit trying to prevent the rest of the flock from eating and drinking. Before that, she chased everyone except her chicks away from food and water.
 

Suzie

Crowing
12 Years
Jul 9, 2009
3,117
790
371
Auvergne
Silkie's will normally protect their young for upwards of 6 weeks...they are very protective Mothers...my other breeds tend to get bored after 4-5 weeks of isolation from the main flock but are always protective of their young when re-introduced to the main flock
 

Chicken boi 30

In the Brooder
7 Years
Oct 7, 2012
23
6
24
I have 3 white silkies and a black show girl hen to day my show girl hatched a chick she is in with my other 2 hens and rooster
 

Pork Pie

Flockwit
Premium Feather Member
6 Years
Jan 30, 2015
58,322
242,653
1,687
In my experience its about 6 weeks. With my last hatch i let mum and chicks out with the rest of the flock at 3 days which has worked out very well, since by the time mum decided she had become tired of looking after them, the chicks were already integrated into the flock.

CT
 

Ridgerunner

Crossing the Road
12 Years
Feb 2, 2009
28,261
23,464
907
Southeast Louisiana
You are right, you’ll see. The hen will control that and each hen is different. I think weather conditions sometimes play a part in what the hen does.

I’ve had a couple of hens wean their chicks at 3 weeks in the heat of summer. I’ve had some hens go 9 weeks in cooler temperatures but also in the heat of summer. As you can see, some have had hens go much longer than 9 weeks. I’ve had hens stop taking care of them during the day but continue to protect them on the roost for an extra week or more. I’ve had hens take care of them during the day but leave them on their own on the roosts at night. They are just not consistent.

As CT said, the hen will take care of integration. Those chicks will be accepted as part of the flock when she weans them as long as she raises them with the flock. If you isolate them you don’t get that benefit. But she does not take care of pecking order issues. A more mature chicken outranks an immature chicken in the pecking order. Most of my pullets tend to mature enough to force their way into the pecking order and be fully accepted into the flock about the time they start to lay. I can’t say anything about when the cockerels fit in. That depends so much on the individual cockerel, your space, and your general flock dynamics.

Mama will wean them long before they are mature enough to force their way into the pecking order. Until they mature, if the chick invades the private space of a higher ranking chicken they run the risk of being pecked or somehow intimidated. It’s bad chicken etiquette for a minor to invade the personal space of its betters. Until they mature enough to force their way into the pecking order, the chicks tend to form a separate sub-flock so they can avoid getting beat up by their betters. My chicks that were weaned at three weeks did this. They made their way with the flock fine but they formed a sub-flock and avoided the adults as much as they could. It really helps if they have enough room to form that sub-flock so they can avoid the adults. Mine usually sleep in the same big coop as the adults but when I let them out in the morning the young ones are normally on the roosts avoiding the adults that are on the coop floor.

It’s fairly common when a broody hen is raising her chicks with the flock that at about two weeks a chick leaves Mama’s protection and goes to stand next to some other adult hens at the feeder, eating away with them. Sometimes this behavior is ignored, at least for a while, but usually it doesn’t take long for one of the hens to peck that chick to remind it of its bad manners. The chick then runs back to Mama as fast as its little legs can carry it, little wings flapping and peeping for all it’s worth. Mama normally ignores all this. That chick needs to learn to not aggravate its betters. But if that hen starts to follow the chick to further the lesson, Mama politely and thoroughly whips butt. No one threatens her chicks, at least until she weans them. Then they need to leave her alone too.
 

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