Many new chick owners have questions regarding the temps of their brooder and need help identifying signs of the correct environment. One way to determine that the chicks are at the right temp is to give them the option to self-regulate. Some chicks may want warmer temps than others, and if you have different sizes and breeds, you may have differing needs in your brooding flock. If you put the heat source (ceramic element, light, whatever) at ONE END of your brooder that will allow the ones who want heat to sit directly under and bask, while those who are more inclined to a cooler clime can wander off to the other end for comfort. Food and water ought to be in the middle or on the cool end. If your chicks try to sleep standing up, or huddle, they are too cool. If your chicks pant or lie around with lifted wings, avoiding the heat source, they are too warm. If they flop around like rag dolls and lie about napping, they are just right!