In-breeding

Discussion in 'Managing Your Flock' started by DrChickenKev, Feb 27, 2012.

  1. Mum and dad together; then seperately put brother with sisters

    0 vote(s)
    0.0%
  2. Mum with son; then seperately put dad with daughters

    3 vote(s)
    75.0%
  3. Keep them all together

    1 vote(s)
    25.0%
  4. I like being able to add my own poll

    0 vote(s)
    0.0%
Multiple votes are allowed.
  1. DrChickenKev

    DrChickenKev Chillin' With My Peeps

    181
    0
    91
    Oct 5, 2011
    Hi all,

    Apologies as not been around much since New Year...

    Anyway, its getting close to that time of year when I need to think about seperating some of the chooks, partly from egg-eating (Grrr, Miriam..!!)), and partly through needing to breed more stock...

    I've read up on line breeding a little but wondered which route was best, so, for example;

    We have Silkies (pics over there <------ and elsewhere on my profile I think) - Mum and Dad have three chicks that survived since they hatched in October last year, one male and two females;

    So should I put brother and sisters together and keep mum and dad in another run, or put mum in with son and seperately have dad with daughters??

    Coops (sorry, the son), is starting to move his weight around, which is funny as his dad lets him so far, then steps in to remind him of who his father is...

    So any thoughts on best arrangements?
     
    Last edited: Feb 27, 2012
  2. Egghead_Jr

    Egghead_Jr Overrun With Chickens

    6,034
    837
    336
    Oct 16, 2010
    NEK, VT
    The idea of line breeding is to extend traits of a desirable bird. For instance you have an exceptional rooster then you'd breed him to his daughters to further his traits. Likewise with a hen and her egg laying ability and/or body type. Line breeding is a means to get uniformity in your flock, to breed any and everything is to induce possibility of mutations without a goal or real gain except more birds.

    If you do a search for a line breeding chart it will give you an idea how to improve quality of future flock. http://www.thenursingscope.com/chookshed/strategy2.html
     
  3. Lollipop

    Lollipop Chillin' With My Peeps

    Kev, put motherXson and dadXdaughters. Use original mom with grandson and great grandson, etc, up to 5 or 6 generations, same with dad and granddaughters, etc. Then use the best from both sides and start again. It will be like 2 completely different families starting anew. You can keep this up for your lifetime and never see a genetic defect. Have fun........Pop
     
    1 person likes this.
  4. DrChickenKev

    DrChickenKev Chillin' With My Peeps

    181
    0
    91
    Oct 5, 2011
    Thanks both

    :eek:)
     
  5. DCasper

    DCasper Chillin' With My Peeps

    383
    10
    108
    Jan 13, 2012
    Benton, KY
    Line breeding is the best way to go if you have the room and patience. If you are trying to develop certain qualities you might have to remove or cull some of the flock during the process.



    [​IMG]
     
  6. Ducks and Banny hens

    Ducks and Banny hens Chillin' With My Peeps

    Nov 22, 2011
    On a little Farm.
    Have you considered Spiral Breeding? That's what I use.
     
  7. bantam cochin connoisseur

    bantam cochin connoisseur Out Of The Brooder

    32
    1
    24
    Apr 28, 2009
    Please explain "spiral breeding" and why it is advantageous.
     
  8. Ducks and Banny hens

    Ducks and Banny hens Chillin' With My Peeps

    Nov 22, 2011
    On a little Farm.
    Here is what I wrote to another member...

    'I tried to figure out if there was a formula for figuring this out, but unfortunately there isn't, so we'll have to count using our fingers! I'll try to explain it as best I can; it's confusing...
    To directly answer your quesion about 2 lines, you would end up continually breeding either 2nd cousins no matter how you did it, which some are comfortable with, but I would rather keep the usuall minimum of 3 breeding lines...

    To figure out how closely related members of different lines are, you have to intimately understand how spiral breeding works:
    -you must have 3 breeding pairs/trios to start with. (1 pair becomes line A, another becomes B, and another becomes C)
    -Then, after breeding them, 'discard' (never let the parents breed again) the parents. All the female offspring must remain in there mothers line, while all the males must be 'rotated' to the next line (A-born males - B-born females; B-born males - C-born females; C-born males - A-born females). Then repeat the process all over again. It's important to always 'rotate the males in the 'same direction (i.e. If you move A-B, do NOT move B-A the next year. That will REALLY mess things up)

    So, hopefully you've grasped the concept, so now onto discifering the relations:
    Let's say you have three lines (A; B; C). To figure this out, you have to 'follow' a direct male line until a member get's bred to a female from the line at which it started WHILE counting the generations that have passed. Sound confusing? It is. I'll try a practical example:

    - A line A hen, and a line C cock (remember this pair) breed and produce pullets and cockerels.
    - of course, the cockerels get moved to breed with line B hens, while the pullets stay in line A to accept new cockerels from line C.
    - the cockerels that were born to line A are bred to line B pullets (which by this time, both cockerels and pullets would be adults). Again, the new pullets and cockerels get separated. Meanwhile, the pullets that were bred from line A will have been bred as well. So 1 generation = the new offspring are cousins 1X removed between Line A & B.
    - the cockerels that were born to line B are bred to line C pullets (which by this time, both cockerels and pullets would be adults again). And again, the new pullets and cockerels get separated. Meanwhile, the pullets that were bred from line A will have been bred once again (these are the granddaughters of the pair I originally mentioned). So 2 generations + 2 lines removed = the new offspring are cousins 4X removed between Line A & C.
    - the cockerels that were born to line C are bred to line A pullets (which by this time, well obviously they'd have to be adults now). This is where the 'rotation' is completed. So 3 generations + 3 lines removed - the complete rotation (the cockerels are actually now related to the pullets they're breeding) = the pair that is breeding are cousins 9X removed. So once you've been spiral breeding for a few years, you will always be breeding cousins 9X removed.
    (I believe that 4 lines results in about 20X removed cousins, and 5 results in practically unrelated birds!(something like 45X removed))

    It definately helps alot if you have a relations table handy. Those are like multiplication tables, but with uncles, cousins, 2nd cousins, common ancestors etc. Perhaps if you can find one, you can figure all this out more accurately. I'm only mentally calculating all this, so it's not quite so reliable, but Spiral breeding does work. Backyard Poultry magazine has an article on there online library that briefly discusses Spiral breeding (aka Clan Mating). Pathfinders farm also has a Spiral breeding artricle on there website.
    I know this looks dauntingly confusing, but believe me, the managment of spiral breeding itself is very simple. It's when you try to figure out the relations, that's when it becomes complicated. But overall, it's like long division. It seems everyone can remeber having trouble understanding division as children, but once you do get it, it becomes easy for you to use. If you have any other questions, or still don't understand something, please feel free to ask, and I'll see if I can answer.'
     
  9. Squawkbox

    Squawkbox Chillin' With My Peeps

    504
    16
    121
    Dec 25, 2011
    Mind=blown. [​IMG]
     
  10. bantam cochin connoisseur

    bantam cochin connoisseur Out Of The Brooder

    32
    1
    24
    Apr 28, 2009
    Thanks for taking the time to explain this. I will give it some serious thought.
     

BackYard Chickens is proudly sponsored by