It's interesting to me to search this topic, difficult to find any scientific data regarding cause/treatment/outcome. I've been doing the warm "sitz-bath" thing with my babies, but wondering about the stress of that vs. the advantage of removing dried feces. Just a few of mine are affected, so not a good sample. But I read on here some opinions: related to "constipation: give molasses"; related to excessive heat; related to stress of shipping; related to GI infection, etc. I'm wondering if it is related to inadequate fluid intake. I had my waterer up on a board to prevent - you know, poop, shavings, etc. - in the water by my 2 day old chicks. Had several - maybe 5 of 40 - who were pasting up, and they didn't seem to be the strong ones, maybe weren't accessing the water as frequently. I put the water down at "ground" level, closer to the warm zone, and everyone's drinking more, and haven't seen as much of a problem. This is so unscientific it makes my scientific mind cringe, but I'm curious about other hypotheses and related solutions, results, etc. Anyone have some good data?